Overview of International Transport of       Cattle & Water buffalo           Animal Welfare
International Live Cattle TradeThis trade will persist where there is a shortfallin meat supply and there is limited refri...
Australia & Indonesia
Skin opening methodsReciprocating cuts   Single sweep   Chop
Problems identified in the recent  ‘4 Corners’ Television program• rough casting methods• beating cattle unnecessarily• ma...
India & Bangladesh
% of animals with injuries at                 Bangladeshi MarketsTYPE of INJURY         Cattle (368)   Water buffalo (192)...
% animals showing dehydration or                  metabolic depletionBlood             Species   % abnormally   % normal  ...
Indochina
East Africa & Middle East                                        Livestock export numbers from Somalia 1997-2007 (Glipha) ...
Conclusions• dehydration and heat stress• metabolic depletion• sleep deprivation during long journeys• bruising, abrasions...
Questions relevant to the    Horn of Africa – Middle East Trade• journey distance• seasonality of the trade and heat expos...
Overview of International Transport of       Cattle & Water buffalo                Ethics                Is it Fair ?     ...
Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare
Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare
Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare
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Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare

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Presentation by Prof Gregory Neville of the Royal Veterinary College, University of London, at the Enhancing Safe Inter-regional Livestock Trade held at Dubai, UAE, 13-16 June 2011.

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Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare

  1. 1. Overview of International Transport of Cattle & Water buffalo Animal Welfare
  2. 2. International Live Cattle TradeThis trade will persist where there is a shortfallin meat supply and there is limited refrigerated storage and transport- Australia & Indonesia- South Asia- Southeast Asia- East Africa & Middle East- Brazil & Lebanon
  3. 3. Australia & Indonesia
  4. 4. Skin opening methodsReciprocating cuts Single sweep Chop
  5. 5. Problems identified in the recent ‘4 Corners’ Television program• rough casting methods• beating cattle unnecessarily• many cuts made in the neck• some animals get up after the cuts and walk about the premises
  6. 6. India & Bangladesh
  7. 7. % of animals with injuries at Bangladeshi MarketsTYPE of INJURY Cattle (368) Water buffalo (192)Abrasions 62 95Lacerations 32 57Swellings 5 15Penetration injuries 4 3Scars 60 32
  8. 8. % animals showing dehydration or metabolic depletionBlood Species % abnormally % normal % abnormallyparameter high lowTotal protein Cattle 100 0 0g/L Buffalo 97 2 1Sodium Cattle 69 24 7mmol/L Buffalo 76 19 5Creatine kinase Cattle 100 0 0U/L Buffalo 98 2 0NEFA Cattle 100 0 0μmol/L Buffalo 84 16 0Glucose Cattle 86 14 0mmol/L Buffalo 89 11 0
  9. 9. Indochina
  10. 10. East Africa & Middle East Livestock export numbers from Somalia 1997-2007 (Glipha) 3,000,000 2,500,000 Number of animals 2,000,000 Cattle 1,500,000 Sheep 1,000,000 Goats 500,000 Camels 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007CATTLE Year SHEEP & GOATS
  11. 11. Conclusions• dehydration and heat stress• metabolic depletion• sleep deprivation during long journeys• bruising, abrasions and other injuries• stressful handling methods• slaughter methods
  12. 12. Questions relevant to the Horn of Africa – Middle East Trade• journey distance• seasonality of the trade and heat exposure• injuries during transport (esp. feet and legs)• inappropriate handling methods• is halal slaughter performed well
  13. 13. Overview of International Transport of Cattle & Water buffalo Ethics Is it Fair ? Is it Necessary ? Are there Alternatives ?

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