Slides Pre Retirement


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A useful guideline for anyone approaching retirement and what actions they can take to protect their money and assets

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Slides Pre Retirement

  1. 1. Pre-Retirement Financial Planning Making sense of your financial future Presentation by …
  2. 2. One of the UK’s foremost financial commentators
  3. 3. <ul><li>Your concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Money management/Pension issues </li></ul><ul><li>Threats to capital </li></ul><ul><li>Guide to Taxation and Inheritance Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Investments and investing </li></ul><ul><li>The way forward </li></ul>Agenda
  4. 4. Income? Growth? Family Protection? Taxation? Advice? Investments? Inflation? Pension Shortfall? Long Term Care? Quality of life? Costs? Inheritance Tax? Your Concerns
  5. 5. Money Management
  6. 6. <ul><li>Our experience shows that by reviewing your personal financial situation most people can continue to meet day-to-day living expenses </li></ul>Money Management – Our Belief
  7. 7. Example: Figures are based on 40/80 final salary (contracted-out) with pension contribution of 6.00% of earnings. Based on 2009/10 Tax Year. Retirement Pension (Pre 65 – assuming 40 years service) Pre-retirement Salary Money Management £11,295 Net Income £18,645 £0 Pension Contribution 6% £1,500 £0 National Insurance £1,812 £1,205 Tax Payable £3,043 £6,475 Personal Allowance £6,475 £12,500 (50%) Gross Income £25,000
  8. 8. Plus ………. £30,000 Money Management
  9. 9. Question: Do you wish to continue these outgoings in retirement? NB: The amounts quoted are for illustrative purposes only What course of action? Approximately £50 per month Savings (Endowment) Approximately £150 per month Savings (Bank) Approximately £80 per month Loan / Credit Card Approximately £250 per month Mortgage
  10. 10. <ul><li>Review all your regular outgoings </li></ul><ul><li>Review mortgage </li></ul><ul><li>Consider repaying loans </li></ul><ul><li>Re-appraise your regular savings account and policies </li></ul>Your guide to planning retirement income
  11. 11. <ul><li>Pay Off? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Life Policies? </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce your outgoings? </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort factor </li></ul><ul><li>Retain? </li></ul><ul><li>Access to capital </li></ul><ul><li>Investment Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Re-negotiate </li></ul><ul><li>Low interest rates </li></ul>Your Mortgage Guide
  12. 12. <ul><li>Loans tend to be shorter term 3 – 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Credit cards can be expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Check high APR </li></ul><ul><li>Check surrender/penalties on loan </li></ul>Your Guide to Loans and Debts
  13. 13. <ul><li>Savings to Bank – Don’t Rob Peter….! </li></ul><ul><li>Mortgage Endowment – see it through to maturity for best results </li></ul>“ To find out more about any of these issues, please tick the coloured priority form” Your Guide to Savings
  14. 14. Up to half final salary as pension and a lump sum <ul><li>Index Linked Pension </li></ul><ul><li>Cash can be invested </li></ul><ul><li>Lump sum is tax free </li></ul><ul><li>Surviving Spouse’s pension </li></ul>This is dependent on number of years pensionable service in the scheme Pension Issues – What will you receive
  15. 15. <ul><li>Check if your pension scheme will exchange for added years, or enhanced rates </li></ul><ul><li>Ask whether you qualify for enhanced rates or impaired life annuity rates </li></ul><ul><li>Open Market Options (OMO) </li></ul><ul><li>From “A-Day” (6th April 2006) up to 25% of your AVC/FSAVC fund may be available as tax-free cash </li></ul><ul><li>Seek Advice </li></ul>Your Guide to AVC or FSAVC
  16. 16. Interest Rates – where are they heading? Threats to your capital and income
  17. 17. Is Inflation still a threat? Inflation rates displayed are for illustration purposes only and should not be viewed as proposed past or future inflation values. Figures are based on the value of £1,000 189 358 544 20 434 599 738 10 659 774 858 5 920 950 970 1 8% 5% 3% Annual Rate of Inflation Years Ahead
  18. 18. Source: Office for National Statistics - ‘Focus on CPI February 2010’ Guide to Goods and Services Prices: 1980 vs Today * Average beer prices not recorded prior to this date ONS 303% £1.21 30p Loaf of Bread ONS 191% £1.12 38.46p Litre of Petrol ONS 159% 44p 17p Pint of Milk ONS 1987* 248% £2.89 83p Pint of Lager Source Increase Average Price Feb 10 Average Price 1980’s
  19. 19. Source: Office of National Statistics website April 10 Guide to Commodity Prices RPI 128% 217.09 95.23 Increase March 2010 July 1985
  20. 20. Your Guide to Taxation
  21. 21. “ I believe we should all pay our taxes with a smile – I tried, but they wanted cash!” - Anon Your Guide to Taxation
  22. 22. Personal Allowances based on tax year 2010/11 Your Guide to Taxation £9,640 75 £9,490 65-74 £6,475 Under 65
  23. 23. Your personal allowance is the amount you can earn each year before paying any tax. Tax is then payable as follows: £0 - £37,400 20% £37,401 – 150,000 40% Over £150,001 50% Taxable income based on tax year 10/11
  24. 24. Tax on Capital Assets on Death Inheritance Tax
  25. 25. What does this mean? 40% Is it a voluntary tax? What is the current rate of tax? What is the Nil Rate Band? Inheritance Tax £325,000 Some would say YES! IHT Levels and bases of, and reliefs from taxation are subject to change Your Guide to Estate Planning
  26. 26. <ul><li>Tax on capital assets on death </li></ul><ul><li>First £325,000 of estate - 0% tax </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of estate - 40% tax </li></ul>Inheritance Tax - based on tax year 10/11
  27. 27. <ul><li>Worldwide assets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caravans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holiday homes (UK and Abroad) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital value of life interest trusts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some pension funds </li></ul></ul>What is Inheritance Tax payable on?
  28. 28. <ul><li>Gifts to s pouse </li></ul>Main Exemptions <ul><li>First £3,000 each year – annual exemption </li></ul><ul><li>“ Normal expenditure” </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially Exempt Transfers (PETs) </li></ul>Inheritance Tax - based on tax year 10/11
  29. 29. <ul><li>Donations To Charity </li></ul><ul><li>Donations To Political Parties </li></ul>Other exemptions Inheritance Tax - based on tax year 10/11
  30. 30. <ul><li>On consideration of marriage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Child (for each parent) £5,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandchild £2,500 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other £1,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small gifts £250 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Levels and bases of, and reliefs from taxation are subject to change Inheritance Tax - based on tax year 10/11
  31. 31. <ul><li>All gifts other than exemptions and chargeable lifetime transfers are known as PETs </li></ul><ul><li>After 7 years asset does not form part of estate </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Tax relief on a sliding scale (rules apply however) </li></ul>Potentially exempt transfers Early Planning!
  32. 32. <ul><li>Making a gift but still retaining an interest in it </li></ul><ul><li>Inland Revenue will treat the asset as still belonging to you </li></ul>Gifts with reservation
  33. 33. Gifts out of income? <ul><li>Gifts from excess income could be used in the same way as annual allowances </li></ul><ul><li>But watch out where income comes from* </li></ul><ul><li>* Surplus income should be shown to be able to come from normal income-producing assets such as pensions, deposit-based accounts, annuities and certain other types of investments. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Do Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Spend It/Give it away! </li></ul><ul><li>Make lifetime gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to mitigate it </li></ul>What can you do?
  35. 35. Alleviation for Middle England On death Mr Smith passes all of his estate (plus jointly owned assets) to his wife free from IHT. However, this wastes 100% of his Nil Rate Band. Nil Rate Band £325,000 (As of April 2010) Mrs Smith total Sole Estate = £650,000 Mr & Mrs Smith’s total joint Estate £650,000. A transferable Nil Rate Band now arises when one party to a marriage/civil partnership dies and the amount of their estate chargeable to IHT does not use up all of the Nil Rate Band. Where this happens, the unused part can now be transferred to the surviving spouse/civil partner when they die. Assuming Mrs Smith dies after 9 October 2007, her executors may also utilise the late Mr Smith’s Nil Rate Band which he wasted by leaving everything to his widow. Less 2 x Nil Rate Bands = £650,000 Taxable Estate = £0
  36. 36. <ul><li>Personal representatives will need to ensure that the surviving spouse/civil partner has sufficient documents and information about the transferable Nil Rate Band when first death occur. </li></ul><ul><li>The surviving spouse should therefore receive: </li></ul><ul><li>A copy of the HMRC return (IHT200 or 205) </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of the deceased’s Will </li></ul><ul><li>Important documents e.g. deed of variation </li></ul><ul><li>Valuation of assets that did not pass to the survivor etc </li></ul><ul><li>A claim must be made within 24 months from the end of the month in which the surviving spouse/civil partner dies. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the relevant percentage of the unused historic nil rate band that is carried forward – not the nil rate band itself. The appropriate percentage is then applied to the prevailing nil rate band in the year of second death. </li></ul>The Unused Nil Rate Band
  37. 37. Levels and bases of, and reliefs from taxation are subject to change. Inheritance Tax Solution Mr Smith’s Estate £325,000 Mrs Smith’s Estate £325,000 Mr Smith leaves the £325,000 in a Discretionary Will Trust. Total Estate = £325,000 Taxable Estate = Nil Nil Rate Band £325,000 (As of April 2010) If the potential growth in value of an asset is likely to outstrip future increases in the Nil Rate Band, tax planned Wills on first death leaving an amount up to £325,000 [2010/11] to a trust should still be considered. TAX DUE @ 40% NIL TAX DUE @ 40% = NIL Year 2010 value of trust - £390,000 (available NRB - £325,000 had asset passed to surviving spouse on first death.)
  38. 38. Levels and bases of, and reliefs from taxation are subject to change IHT savings may still be made via tax planned wills in the medium/long term even where the combined estate is <=£650,000. Couples with existing Pre-Budget wills should revisit them. A simple codicil may suffice for required changes. The ideal solution may be to always use a first death discretionary nil rate band trust and let the trustees decide the right action to take when death occurs. Outcome
  39. 39. Your Guide to Wills and Estate Planning
  40. 40. <ul><li>To ensure your wishes are carried out after your death </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure the right people get the right assets </li></ul><ul><li>To speed up the transfer of assets (via Probate) </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce Inheritance Tax through Will Trusts </li></ul>Why make a Will?
  41. 41. <ul><li>Laws of Intestacy – the State determines who gets your estate </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of absolute control over your assets </li></ul><ul><li>Unmarried partners may suffer financially </li></ul><ul><li>Long delays in transferring </li></ul><ul><li>£250,000 to spouse plus a life interest in 50% of residue </li></ul><ul><li>The remaining 50% interest for children (in trust under 18) </li></ul>What happens without a Will?
  42. 42. <ul><li>Review it regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage will annul a Will </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce will affect a Will </li></ul><ul><li>Have you appointed Guardians? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have stepchildren? </li></ul><ul><li>Is your Will tax-efficient? </li></ul>Existing Will
  43. 43. <ul><li>Lasting Powers of Attorney </li></ul><ul><li>Trustees must take financial advice </li></ul><ul><li>Where to keep your Will </li></ul>Other Legal Matters
  44. 44. <ul><li>Specialist financial advice needed to ensure your estate is equalised so that each can use nil rate bands. </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly need to review life assurance and place in trust </li></ul><ul><li>Need to look at death in service benefits and rules in connection with their payment </li></ul><ul><li>Need to look at the value of your home and ensure that it is split 50/50. This may require severance of tenancy options </li></ul>Why would I need a Financial Adviser?
  45. 45. Your Guide to Investment
  46. 46. <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Income: now or later? </li></ul><ul><li>Capital growth </li></ul><ul><li>Tax efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Access to capital </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of return </li></ul>What are your aims and objectives?
  47. 47. <ul><li>Interest earning deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Bank/Building Society/National Savings </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed-interest securities </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Bonds/Gilts </li></ul><ul><li>Asset-backed investments </li></ul><ul><li>Shares and Share-based Funds/Property </li></ul>Developing a balanced strategy
  48. 48. Honister Scale – Investment Risk High Low Venture Capital Trusts Emerging Markets Far East / Japan UK Smaller Co’s Global & UK Equity Growth / Income Funds Tracker and Manager Funds Cautious Managed / Distribution Commercial Property or With Profit Funds Individual Gilts and Fixed Interest / Cash Banks/Building Societies / National Savings Single Company Shares Futures/Options
  49. 49. <ul><li>Gilts </li></ul><ul><li>Government Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Bonds </li></ul><ul><li>IOUs issued by companies </li></ul>Fixed Interest Investments
  50. 50. <ul><li>Long-term growth prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to beat inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages/risk </li></ul><ul><li>Spread your risk </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market Activity </li></ul>Past Performance is not a guide to future performance Equities (Shares)
  51. 51. Cash Bonds Shares Security and Accessibility Income is dependent upon Interest rates set by Bank of England Returns unlikely to match Inflation Minimal potential for income growth Minimal potential for capital growth Low volatility Behave differently from shares so can provide differentiation Relatively high and consistent income Limited potential for growth of income Limited potential for growth of capital Can be volatile Lower income than bonds Income can fluctuate Potential for rising income Potential for capital growth over long term Your Guide to Investment
  52. 52. £5,000 invested for 10 years – Invesco Perpetual Income, with NET income re-invested Your Guide to Investment Past performance will not necessarily be repeated in the future. Capital held in a deposit account is guaranteed not to fall in value, whereas the value of units and income from an equity- based investment can fall as well as rise and is not guaranteed. Equity based investments should be considered as medium to long term investments, therefore if you withdraw in the early years you may not get back your original investment.
  53. 53. FTSE 100 vs Halifax House Price Index Your Guide to Investment Past performance will not necessarily be repeated in the future. Capital held in a deposit account is guaranteed not to fall in value, whereas the value of units and income from an equity- based investment can fall as well as rise and is not guaranteed. Equity based investments should be considered as medium to long term investments, therefore if you withdraw in the early years you may not get back your original investment.
  54. 54. Source: Fidelity Total Return 31/01/94 to 30/01/09 excluding charges Be Invested… Stay Invested… -6.14% 0.40% 4.54% FTSE All Share UK Best 40 days missed Best 10 days missed Annual & return stayed invested Index Market
  55. 55. <ul><li>Annual allowance for tax year 2009/10 is £10,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of ISA - ‘Cash’ or ‘Stocks & Shares’ </li></ul><ul><li>Can invest total allowance in Stocks & Shares ISA </li></ul><ul><li>Can split the annual allowance across the two ISA types but maximum allowance of £5,100 in Cash ISA per year </li></ul><ul><li>Could choose to invest less than £5,100 in a Cash ISA and place more in a Stocks & Shares ISA e.g. £2,500 Cash and £7,700 in Stocks & Shares ISA, provided annual allowance not exceeded </li></ul>ISA Year Subscription Process
  56. 56. <ul><li>Tax-efficient wrapper </li></ul><ul><li>No minimum savings period </li></ul><ul><li>World-Wide Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of underlying investment is key </li></ul>Facts about ISAs
  57. 57. <ul><li>Complete and hand in the Priority Coupon </li></ul><ul><li>Book a one-to-one consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Call us on 0845 013 5600 </li></ul><ul><li>We wish you good luck!! </li></ul>The way forward…
  58. 58. Thank You
  59. 59. Honister Partners 62 Anchorange Road Sutton Coldfield West Midlands B74 2PG Telephone: 0845 013 5600 Facsimile: 0121 362 1010 Website: Honister Partners Ltd is an appointed representative of Sage Financial Services Ltd. The Financial Services Authority does not regulate taxation advice or will writing. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. The information given is based on our current understanding of Law and Inland Revenue practice. Tax rates and reliefs may change and their value depends on the individual circumstances of the investor. The information provided in this presentation has been provided as information only and does not represent individual advice. It is unrealistic to assume that markets/funds or indexes will perform as they have done in the past. Honister Partners offer advice based on the whole of the market.