Hospitality Industry by GM


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Hospitality Industry by GM

  1. 1. Services in Hospitality Industry Submitted by: - 1.Gagan Monga 2.Yogesh Ravi 3.Manish Kumar 4.Varun Chauhan 5.Heena Bhasin 6.Sahib Preet Singh Subject: - MOS Section: - A Course: - MBA – IB Batch: - 2009 - 2011
  2. 2. Overview • Hospitality means welcoming, providing kindness and care to anyone in need. • Travel agents have also contributed to the evolvement of hospitality industry. • In recent years government has taken several steps to boost travel & tourism which have benefited hotel industry in India. These include the abolishment of the inland air travel tax of 15%; reduction in excise duty on aviation turbine fuel to 8% etc. • The hospitality industry is a 3.5 trillion dollar service sector within the global economy. • The industry is cyclical plus expected to grow at the rate of 8% between 2007 and 2016.
  3. 3. ATITHI DEVO BHAVO • We have all heard this phrase many times during our childhood from our parents and grand - parents. We can also find its presence in the earliest Vedas and religious epics. Hospitality is deep-rooted in our traditions and comes as an integral part of our heritage. In very simple terms, hospitality is the art of being warm to strangers and has been derived from the Latin word hospitalitem, this means “friendliness to guests”. The hospitality industry covers a diverse range of establishments in the form of accommodation, food and drinks.
  4. 4. Concept of HI • The concept of hospitality business started when people started traveling away on business and they needed a place away from home which could cater to all their needs. Today hospitality has evolved from the basic food and accommodation industry and taken a very important position in almost all businesses. In fact, it has become a huge industry and drives economies across the globe.
  5. 5. ACCOMODATION • Hotels i.e. business, residential and public houses • Motels • Rotels (Hotel on wheels) • Lotels (Hotel with a helipad) • Resorts • Floatels (Hotel on water i.e. cruise liners) • Sanatoriums
  6. 6. • BARS & NIGHT CLUBS • Casinos • Restaurants • Discotheques • Public houses • • TRAVEL & TOURISM • Travel agents • Airline cabin crew • Travel technology • SERVICE & SUPPORT • Accountancy • Human resources • Supply Chain Management • Logistics • Occupational health and spa
  7. 7. Brief History + Concept of Star age
  9. 9. GOVERNMENT INNITIATIVES • Incredible India - Under this program the Government promotes India through various integrated marketing programs. • Atethie devo bhava (guests are equal to god) - Under this program the Government create awareness among Indian people who come in contact with the tourist. • Various Infrastructure building initiatives • Encourage religious tourism for instance promote various places in India as Buddhist abodes.
  10. 10. CRM GAPS • 1. Poor support infrastructure: Though the government is taking necessary steps, many more things need to be done to improve the infrastructure. In 2003, the total expenditure made in this regard was US $150 billion in China compared to US$ 21 billion in India. • • 2. Slow implementation: The lack of adequate recognition for the tourism industry has been hampering its growth prospects. Whatever steps are being taken by the government are implemented at a slower pace. • • 3. Susceptible to political events: The internal security scenario and social unrest also hamper the foreign tourist arrival rates.
  11. 11. OPPORTUNITIES • 1. Rising income: Owing to the rise in income levels, Indians have more spare money to spend, which is expected to enhance leisure tourism. • • 2. Open sky benefits: With the open sky policy, the travel and tourism industry has seen an increase in business. Increased airline activity has stimulated demand and has helped improve the infrastructure. It has benefited both international and domestic travels.
  12. 12. “ P” as in Product 1. Natural and cultural diversity: India has a rich cultural heritage. The "unity in diversity" tag attracts most tourists. The coastlines, sunny beaches, backwaters of Kerala, snow capped Himalayas and the quiescent lakes are incredible. 2. Demand-supply gap: Indian hotel industry is facing a mismatch between the demand and supply of rooms leading to higher room rates and occupancy levels. With the privilege of hosting Commonwealth Games 2010 there is more demand of rooms in five star hotels. This has led to the rapid expansion of the sector 3. Government support: The government has realized the importance of tourism and has proposed a budget of Rs. 540 crore for the development of the industry. The priority is being given to the development of the infrastructure and of new tourist destinations and circuits. The Department of Tourism (DOT) has already started the "Incredible India" campaign for the promotion of tourism in India. 4. Increase in the market share: India's share in international tourism and hospitality market is expected to increase over the long-term. New budget and star hotels are being established. Moreover, foreign hospitality players are heading towards Indian markets.
  13. 13. Trends for Future • 1. Low cost carriers: Travellers in general are more price sensitive to airfare than they are to hotel room rates. Often a low airfare will stimulate demand for travel even if hotel prices are increasing. LCCs are a good option for business travellers, as they have advantages like low costs, more options and connectivity. • 2. Budget hotels: More than 50 per cent of occupancy of a majority of hotels comes from the business travel segment. The average room rate (ARR) realized from business travellers is normally higher than from leisure travellers. • 3. Technology: Travel and technology have become inseparable. Technology is making its own advances with high-tech video conferencing facilities, web cameras and virtual reality mode of conferencing. On-line bookings, e- ticketing, Wi-Fi Internet connectivity, easy access to information, etc. are just a few areas where technology has completely changed the way we travel. • 4. Loyalty travel: Today, airline-credit card company tie-ups have brought a whole range of benefits to the travellers. These include insurance cover, upgrades, free tickets, access to executive lounges, and a host of other
  14. 14. Challenges for HI • 1. Shortage of skilled employees: One of the greatest challenges plaguing the hospitality industry is the unavailability of quality workforce in different skill levels. The hospitality industry has failed to retain good professionals. • 2. Retaining quality workforce: Retention of the workforce through training and development in the hotel industry is a problem and attrition levels are too high. One of the reasons for this is unattractive wage packages. Though there is boom in the service sector, most of the hotel management graduates are joining other sectors like retail and aviation. • 3. Shortage of rooms: The hotel industry is facing heavy shortage of rooms. It is estimated that the current requirement is of 1, 50,000 rooms. Though the new investment plan would add 53,000 rooms by 2011, the shortage will still persist. • 4. Intense competition and image of India: The industry is witnessing heightened competition with the arrival of new players, new products and new systems. The competition from neighboring countries and negative perceptions about Indian tourism product constrains the growth of tourism
  15. 15. Recommendations • Tie – ups with institutes: It is the duty of the Industry t makes necessary tie-up / arrangement for their required human resources with one or two hospitality institutes in the country. • Continuous training: There is a need of continuous training to all categories of employees in the organization. When they have a tie – up with the institutes , the institutes will offer in – house training to different category of employees from time to time to update their skills. • Sponsoring: It is the duty of the industry to sponsor some amount / equipment to the institute for their betterment. If possible the sponsor a chair for continuous funding and research for that institute. • Research: Every institute must spend some amount for the research which is essential for further development and understand the present situation. The industry should involve in the researchers by providing timely information and data which is ultimately useful for them only.