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Identifying ontology authoring
strategies and patterns
Markel Vigo★, Caroline Jay, Robert Stevens
University of Manchester...
Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
Goals
• Find authoring patterns
• Identify the challenges...
Exploratory study
• Interview with 15 ontology authors
• Strategies inform a set of design recommendations
- Sensemaking, ...
Confirmatory study
• Protégé4US: modified Protégé to generate log data
of authoring and interaction events
More info:
M. V...
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0 21.264
34.687
35.551
36.646 38.051 44.065
44.576
45.699 46.993
49.639
49.641
5...
Confirmatory study II
• Data analysis shows emerging patternsP15 log
Back
Check property
Class addition
Convert into
defin...
Confirmatory study II
• Mantel test to compute correlation between matrices (test
used for measuring the genetic distance ...
Identifying ontology authoring
strategies and patterns
Markel Vigo★, Caroline Jay, Robert Stevens
University of Manchester...
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Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns

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Slides presenting our recent work at the 2014 UK ontology meeting: design recommendations for the next generation of ontology authoring tools, Protégé4US (Protégé for user studies) and some incipient authoring patterns we found.

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Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns

  1. 1. Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns Markel Vigo★, Caroline Jay, Robert Stevens University of Manchester (UK) WhatIf: Answering “What if...” questions for Ontology Authoring. EPSRC reference EP/J014176/1 @markelvigo markel.vigo@manchester.ac.uk www.markelvigo.info ★ UK Ontology Meeting, UKON 2014 April 24, Birmingham
  2. 2. Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014 Goals • Find authoring patterns • Identify the challenges of the authoring process • Inform authoring tools • Support for whatif questions
  3. 3. Exploratory study • Interview with 15 ontology authors • Strategies inform a set of design recommendations - Sensemaking, exploration, searching - Building - Debugging and evaluation More info: M. Vigo, C. Jay, R. Stevens (2014) Design insights for the next wave ontology authoring tools. Proceedings of ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors, CHI‟ 14 Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
  4. 4. Confirmatory study • Protégé4US: modified Protégé to generate log data of authoring and interaction events More info: M. Vigo, C. Jay, R. Stevens (2014) Protégé4US: Harvesting Ontology Authoring Data with Protégé. Workshop on Human-Semantic Web Interaction, HSWI‟ 14 1389972276585,Classes,Element edited,Juliette subclass of: Potato and hasCroppingTime some „Main cropping‟ 1389972277786,Classes,Save ontology,http://owl.cs.manchester.ac.uk/ontology/start-here.owl 1389972280204,Classes,Reasoner invoked,HermiT 1.3.8 1389972280647,Classes,Mouse entered,Class hierarchy (inferred) 1389972282910,Classes,Element hovered,Early_cropping_potato 1389972283049,Classes,Element selected,Early_cropping_potato 1389972283661,Classes,Hierarchy expanded,Early_cropping_potato • 15 users, 3 authoring tasks with Protégé4US - Correlations bw usability metrics and authoring events - Profiling users by their use of Protégé tab Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
  5. 5. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21.264 34.687 35.551 36.646 38.051 44.065 44.576 45.699 46.993 49.639 49.641 52.595 67.301 82.323 83.856 84.346 87.534 100.204 100.206 103.323 103.399 106.425 106.973 109.182 111.445 111.551 113.586 114.127 115.684 120.664 125.186 125.189 132.665 134.922 136.838 136.911 137.917 138.275 140.152 145.648 146.456 147.656148.151 150.318 151.474 152.08 152.84153.224 153.628 154.191154.609 155.177155.504 162.584 166.837 167.054 175.037 176.486 179.565 179.637 181.845 183.762 187.775 188.456 191.224 202.23 203.021 203.142 204.069 206.05 208.413208.831 210.559210.999 219.79 222.062 222.215 228.172 229.549 229.669 230.687 232.188 232.316 235.78 235.892 270.412 270.72 271.3 272.351 272.906 273.225 274.187 274.73 279.773 281.91 285.304 286.691 286.796 297.471 298.322 300.944 301.924302.26 302.35 324.924 325.819 327.548 327.669 337.77 338.609 339.515 339.637 350.104 350.906 352.148 352.228 366.415 367.798 368.619 368.717 380.316 383.506 384.363 384.453 391.367 392.305 394.668 394.781 403.081 403.721 404.531 404.646 416.546 418.278 419.131 419.22 427.324 429.048 429.788 429.885 436.924 436.928 438.657 439.467 439.571 446.157 448.583 451.182 451.226 455.662 457.157 464.376 464.465 477.697 477.788 477.855 477.856 477.859477.861 477.862 501.441 509.581 530.629 530.647 531.514 531.644 547.333 552.251 553.993 554.032 558.619558.636 558.638 568.501 568.504 571.181 579.638 595.037 595.043 596.802 596.891 614.57 620.325 621.657 621.762 632.493 632.496 633.954 634.043 641.751 644.4 654.612 654.618 655.553 655.649 665.133 667.577 667.601 669.348 723.762 726.698726.718 726.722 726.734 726.735 728.211 728.226 728.808 730.139 731.803 734.17 734.172 734.47 734.472 740.49740.843 745.42 746.021 751.308 751.309 752.368 752.458 758.922 759.776 759.89 764.039 766.225 767.004 768.003 771.513 772.139 776.154 776.251 785.746 786.447 788.827 789.616 789.715 798.897 799.622 800.305 800.403 810.839 812.641 815.593 815.691 817.17 820.066820.337 821.097 821.203 824.886 827.762 829.153 829.25 832.114 836.033 837.417 837.523 840.014 844.528844.986 845.968 846.059 852.208 858.938 859.544 859.658 861.219 871.865 873.681 873.778 878.309 880.936 881.696 881.794 883.677 891.505 892.225 892.32 905.493 906.593 907.465 907.579 908.916 909.684 911.161 912.811913.465913.785913.984914.193914.373914.561914.741 915.647916.046916.335916.603916.873 917.391 930.919 938.143 938.148 939.408 939.602 958.379 959.901 969.248 969.253 970.423 970.513 974.682 975.741 983.088 983.093 983.839 983.944 989.611 990.634 1000.465 1000.471 1003.015 1003.119 1008.958 1011.7111011.728 1011.729 1020.63 1020.712 1025.826 1025.828 1029.714 1031.705 1031.834 1035.479 1035.591 1045.947 1045.981 1047.675 1049.002 1049.096 1066.386 1070.024 1070.085 1081.442 1098.18 1098.184 1099.39 1099.497 1141.238 1141.261 1141.942 1142.031 1157.55 1163.542 1163.561 1169.568 1170.326 1170.431 1180.857 1183.493 1183.54 1199.855 1199.951 1224.136 1224.246 1236.095 1248.741 1248.838 1276.551 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1706.348 1708.466 1710.6 1713.762 1713.806 1716.26 1720.413 1721.4221721.844 1724.109 1726.789 1728.301 1729.581 1733.421734.02 1734.597 1736.532 1738.38 1740.13 1741.986 1743.157 1743.756 1746.6031746.932 1747.994 1748.266 1753.611 1755.442 1756.313 1758.257 1760.818 1762.494 1765.121 1767.729 1767.774 1768.941 1770.171 1770.274 1778.868 1784.538 1784.573 1787.536 1787.582 1789.426 1789.515 1804.897 1806.5511806.657 1806.668 1807.616 1807.748 1809.718 1810.166 1810.318 1817.786 1820.207 1820.326 1821.289 1823.041 1824.592 1824.701 1827.305 1827.341 1829.649 1832.345 1889.938 1891.007 1894.817 1896.024 1896.663 1900.367 1900.456 1901.458 1902.3591902.7351903.079 1904.032 1905.948 1907.72 1909.9371909.942 1909.9431910.216 1913.804 1913.844 1972.568 1973.879 1974.495 1975.302 1976.861 1976.884 1980.471 1981.2231981.807 1982.365 1983.167 1983.9191984.422 1992.1831992.5341993.119 1994.44 1994.461 1995.832 2000.303 2007.608 2010.087 2011.143 2012.201 2014.109 2015.096 2015.6322016.167 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clicked 0 5:00 10:00 15:00 20:00 25:00 30:00 35:00 40:00 45:00 P15 Confirmatory study II • Data analysis shows emerging patterns More info: M. Vigo, C. Jay, R. Stevens (2014) Protégé4US: Harvesting Ontology Authoring Data with Protégé. Workshop on Human-Semantic Web Interaction, HSWI‟ 14 Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
  6. 6. Confirmatory study II • Data analysis shows emerging patternsP15 log Back Check property Class addition Convert into defined class:finished Convert into defined class:start Entity renamed Explanation invoked Entity deleted Entity dragged Entity edited:finishEntity edited:start Entity selected Link clicked Property addition Reasoner finished Reasoner invoked Save Set active ontology Hierarchy collapsed Hierarchy expanded Undo P9 log Back Check property Class addition Convert into defined class:finished Convert into defined class:start Entity renamed Explanation invoked Entity deleted Entity dragged Entity edited:finishEntity edited:start Entity selected Link clicked Property addition Reasoner finished Reasoner invoked Save Set active ontology Hierarchy collapsed Hierarchy expanded Undo Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
  7. 7. Confirmatory study II • Mantel test to compute correlation between matrices (test used for measuring the genetic distance bw organisms) p value P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9 P10P11P12P13P14P15 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 Correlation P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9 P10P11P12P13P14P15 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns UKON 2014
  8. 8. Identifying ontology authoring strategies and patterns Markel Vigo★, Caroline Jay, Robert Stevens University of Manchester (UK) Datasets and Protégé4US http://owl.cs.manchester.ac.uk/whatif/ Papers Design insights for the next wave ontology authoring tools www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:217528 Protégé4US: Harvesting Ontology Authoring Data with Protégé www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:223543 @markelvigo markel.vigo@manchester.ac.uk www.markelvigo.info ★

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