June 19, 1861 Wednesday MidnightJune 22, 1861 saturdayChristening
“Take good care of this child, for someday he will become a great man.”Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery - Governed the Philippines for a year. - Fostering the cultivation of cotton. - Established politico-military governmen
• Born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818• Died in Manila on January 5,1898, at the age of 80.• Rizal called him “a model of fathers”
• Born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818• Studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila.• Moved to Calamba and became a tenant-farmer of Dominican-owned hacienda.• A hardy and independent mind, who talked less and worked more, and was strong in body and valiant in spirit.• Died in Manila on January 5,1898, at the age of 80.• Based from his student memoirs, Rizal called him “a model of fathers”
• Doña Teodora• Born in Manila on November 8, 1826• Died in Manila on August 16, 1911, at the age of 85.
Teodora AlonsoRealonda (1826 - 1911)• Doña Teodora• Born in Manila on• Educated at the College of Santa Rosa, a well- known college for girls in the city.• A remarkable woman, possessing refined culture, literary talent, business ability, and fortitude of Spartan women.• Died in Manila on August 16, 1911, at the age of 85.
• Before her death, the Philippine government offered her a life pension. She courteously rejected saying: – “My family has never been patriotic for money. If the government has plenty of funds and does not know what to do with them, better reduce the taxes.”
• Rizal lovingly said of her: – “My mother is a woman of more than ordinary culture; she knows literature and speaks Spanish better than I. She corrected my poems and gave me good advice when I was studying rhetoric. She is a mathematician and has many books.”
Jose Rizal Teodora Alonso Realonda Francisco Mercado Brigida Lorenzo Alberto Anlonzo Juan Mercado Cirila AlejandroManuel de Quintos Regina Cirila Bernacha Fernando Mercado Eugenio Ursua Benigna Ines de la Rosa Domingo Mercado
Adopted in 1731 by Domingo LamcoJose Mercado Rizal Given by a Spanish Alcalde Mayor of Laguna
Dr. Rizal’s letter to Blumentritt“I am the only Rizal because at home my parents, my sisters, my brother and my relatives have always preferred our old surname Mercado. Our family name was in fact Mercado, but there were many Mercados in the Philippines who are not related to us. It is said that an alcalde mayor, who was a friend of our family added Rizal to our name. My family did not pay much attention to this, but now I have to use it. In this way, it seems that I am an illegitimate son.”
“Who ever that Spanish Alcalde Mayor was, his choice was prophetic for Rizal in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while still green, sprouts again.” - Ambassador Leon Ma. Guerrero Distinguished Rizalist and Diplomat
• Rizal’s family belonged to the principalia. principalia – a town aristocracy in Spanish Philippines.• Rizal’s parents were honest and hardworking.• Doña Teodora – mother of Rizal. - managed a general good’s store - operated a small flour-mill and a home-made - ham press. Good and Middle-Class Family
• Rizal’s parents were able to build a largestone house. Located near the town Church.• Gracious hosts to all visitors and guestsduring town fiestas and holidays.• Owned a library (largest in Calamba).• Owned a carriage. carriage – a status symbol of the illustrados in Spanish Philippines.
Home Life of the Rizals • Had a simple, contented and happy life. • Rizal’s parents love him so much but never spoiled him. “ Spare the rod and spoil the child.”• They hear mass every Sunday.• Prayed together at home.• Given ample time and freedom to play. (Azotea)
Saturnina Rizal• Saturnina Rizal Mercado de Hidalgo• also known as ―Neneng‖ or ―Sra Neneng‖• eldest of the Rizal children• married Manuel Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas and had 4 children: Alfredo, Adela, Abelardo, Amelia and Augustu• published Pascual Poblete’s Tagalog translation of the Noli Me Tangere.
Paciano Rizal• Paciano Rizal Mercado y Alonso of was influenced by the ideologies the said priest – being open-minded Realonda• and out spoken in April 13, 1930 March 17, 1851 – denouncing the abuses of the friars• had a relationship with Severina• had served behind the operation of Decena and was blessed with two Diaryong Tagalog, in 1882 children - a boy who died during• died of tuberculosis on April 30, infancy, and a daughter named 1930. His remain was buried Emiliana Rizal in Cementerio del Norte in Manila• served bones Jose Apolonio to his but his as Fr. were transferred Burgos personal messenger was home in Los Banos were he and collector of the contributions to the given a complete military honors in movement 1985
Narcisa Rizal• Narcisa Alonso Realonda Rizal Mercado (1852 – 1939)• Also called ―Sisa‖• a teacher and a musician by profession & married Antonio Lopez who was a school teacher in Morong, Rizal.• had nine children—Emilio, Angélica, Isabel, Consuelo, Leoncio, Francisco, Arsenio, Antonio and Fidela• was an important witness to secrets Jose and his other brother Paciano kept from the rest of their family
Olympia Rizal• Olympia Alonso Realonda Rizal Mercado (1855-1887)• Also called ―Ypia‖• married Silvestre Ubaldo, a telegraph operator from Manila• was blessed with three children of whom one was Dr. Aristeo Ubaldo, one of the few ophthalmologists in the Philippines at that time connected with the Philippine General Hospital
Lucia Rizal• Lucia Alonso Realonda Rizal Mercado-Herbosa (1857-1919)• was married to Mariano Herbosa, nephew of Fr. Casañas, a witness of Jose Rizals baptism• Blessed with eight children: Paz, Delfina, Concepcion, Virginia, José, Teodosio, Patrocinio and Estanislao• died on 25 December 1919 at the age of 62
Maria Rizal• Maria Alonso Realonda Rizal (1859-1945)• Also called ―Biang‖• Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biñan, Laguna• Blessed with 5 children, one of which was Mauricio Cruz who was a successful businessman and was one of the pupils of Dr. Jose Rizal in Dapitan
Jose Rizal• José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896)• Also called ”Pepe”• National Hero of the Philippines• the most venerated and acclaimed patriot in the Philippines recognized for his unselfish and non-violent contributions to the historical and social transformations in the country• Has one child named Francísco Rizal y Bracken (who died after birth) with Josephine Bracken
Concepcion Rizal • Concepcion Alonso Realonda Mercado • Was also called ―Concha‖ • Died at the age of 3 because of sickness
Josefa Rizal• Josefa Alonso Realonda Mercado (1865-1945)• Also called ―Panggoy‖• An epileptic, died a spinster
Trinidad Rizal• Trinidad Mercado (1868-1951)• also called ―Trining‖• A Katipunera and a Mason• lived through the two world wars until peace was restored• Also died a spinster• One whom Dr. Jose Rizal gave the alcohol lamp where he secretly hid the ―Last Farewell‖
Soledad Rizal• Soledad Alonso Mercado• (1870-1929)• Also called ―Choleng‖• married Pantaleon Quintero, a town mate and a a native of Calamba, Laguna