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E-Learning: Old Wine, New Bottle?


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E-Learning: Old Wine, New Bottle?

  1. 1. E-Learning: Old Wine in a New Bottle? Mark Bullen Expo E-Learning, Barcelona March 20, 2009
  2. 2. Main Point <ul><li>E-Learning is not new </li></ul><ul><ul><li>history is important </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is E-Learning?
  4. 4. Looking to the Past <ul><li>Much of what we think is new is not </li></ul>
  5. 5. Looking to the Past <ul><li>John Dewey (1859-1952) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jean Piaget (1896-1980) </li></ul></ul>Constructivism
  6. 6. Looking to the Past <ul><li>Learner-centered education </li></ul>Socrates Confucius
  7. 7. Looking to the Past <ul><li>E-learning and distance education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has its roots in distance education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dates back to the 1700s correspondence education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiovisual devices - early 1900s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational television - 1960s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective course development model </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. History: Pre-Internet <ul><li>Early online learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-mediated Communication (CMC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration, knowledge construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many-to-many communication, time and place independence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asynchronous text-based communication as a facilitator of collaboration, knowledge construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Harasim, 1990; Harasim et al., 1995) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. History: The Internet Era- Web 1.0 <ul><li>Internet, course management systems (CMS) changed our understanding of online learning </li></ul><ul><li>CMS not about communication, collaboration, knowledge construction </li></ul><ul><li>CMS about efficient distribution of content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet as a delivery mechanism </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. History: The Internet Era - Web 2.0 <ul><li>A return to the pre-Internet era? </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture of presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture of participation </li></ul>
  11. 11. History: The Internet Era - Web 2.0 <ul><li>Harnessing the potential of easy to use tools </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating collaboration, production </li></ul><ul><li>User-generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul>
  12. 12. E-Learning Today
  13. 13. E-Learning 10 years ago
  14. 14. Education in the New Millenium
  15. 15. E-Learning Today
  16. 16. E-Learning Today <ul><li>Dominant instructional design model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information transmission supported by asynchronous online “discussion” </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Blogs
  18. 18. Wikis
  19. 19. Social Bookmarking
  20. 20. Virtual Worlds
  21. 21. … ..casting
  22. 22. Synchronous Communication Tools <ul><li>Web conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul>
  23. 23. E-Learning Today <ul><li>But are these tools changing the dominant instructional design paradigm? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online delivery remains primarily text-based, information delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivist, collaborative, online knowledge building community is rare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology still largely being used to replicate earlier modes of teaching - the electronic classroom </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. The Future
  25. 25. The Future <ul><li>Radical change or status quo? </li></ul><ul><li>Technology is changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing development of Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learners are changing…we think </li></ul>
  26. 26. Learner Changes <ul><li>Net generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born after 1982 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never know life without the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitally literate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiential </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Learner Changes <ul><li>Characterstics of Net generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual and kinesthic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for interactivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community minded </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Learner Changes <ul><li>How accurate is this portrayal? </li></ul><ul><li>Different social and technological context </li></ul><ul><li>BCIT research </li></ul>
  29. 29. Learning 2.0 <ul><li>Focus on learning processes </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on communication & interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Co-developed with learners & instructors shaping the design </li></ul><ul><li>Customized/personalized </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on knowledge & understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Learner-paced </li></ul>
  30. 30. Learning 2.0 <ul><li>Collaborative: one to many, many to many </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback rich </li></ul>
  31. 31. Technology 2.0 <ul><li>Less reliance on enterprise solutions </li></ul><ul><li>The web as platform </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use, free, often open, tools </li></ul>
  32. 32. Personal Learning Environments “ A facility for an individual to access, aggregate, configure and manipulate digital artifacts of their ongoing learning experiences.” - Ron Lubensky
  33. 33. Concluding Comments <ul><li>E-learning is not as new as we think </li></ul><ul><li>Current e-learning practice is fairly conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Changing technology, changing learners </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity of learners </li></ul><ul><li>Check assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Technology potential not always realized </li></ul>
  34. 34. References <ul><li>Bates, A.W. (2000). Managing Technological Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Bereiter, C. & Scardamelia, M. Catching the Third Wave. Queen's Education Letter, Issue #2: Integrating ICT in Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Bullen, M. & Janes, D. (Eds.)(2007). Making the Transition to E-Learning: Strategies and Issues. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Harasim, L. (1990). Online Education: An Environment for Collaboration and Intellectual Amplifcation. In L. Harasim (Ed.) , Online Education: Perspectives on a New Environment ( pp. 39-64). New York: Praeger. </li></ul><ul><li>Harasim, L., Hiltz, S., Teles, L., & Turoff, M. (1995). Learning Networks: A Field Guide to Teaching and Learning Online . Cambridge MA: MIT Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Oblinger, D.G. & Oblinger, J.L. (2005). Educating the Net Generation. Available at </li></ul><ul><li>Sinclair, G., McClarin, M. & Griffin, M.J. (2006). E-Learning and Beyond. Discussion paper prepared as part of the Campus 2020 process for the Ministry of Advance Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Zemsky , R. & Massy, W.F. (2004). Thwarted Innovation: What Happened to E-learning and Why. The Learning Alliance. </li></ul>
  35. 35. For Further Information <ul><li>Mark Bullen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>