Organizational Models in Dual Mode Institutions and the Social Agenda of Distance Education Mark Bullen, Martha Burkle, Ka...
Introduction <ul><li>Once upon a time…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflections on significant organizational change related to ...
Agenda <ul><li>The theory </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Social agenda of DE </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning...
The Theory <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of e-learning for campus-based teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Social Agenda of Distance Education <ul><li>Help eliminate social, financial, situational, educational barriers </li></ul>...
E-Learning
Methodology <ul><li>Analysis of four dual mode organizational models:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UBC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul>...
BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, polytechnic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Di...
BC Institute of Technology Full Time Students 13,000 Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 72% 26% 2% Part Time Student...
BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>DE Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>459 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>79 programs </l...
BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Base-funded </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><l...
Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul>...
SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, polytechnic institute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DE...
SAIT Polytechnic 10, 500 Registrations in DE Programs Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 15% 66% 19% Campus Students...
SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>51 programs </li></ul></ul><...
SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized- decentralized model that addre...
SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE add o...
Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul>...
University of British Columbia <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional, public, research university ...
University of British Columbia <ul><li>Student Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 DE en...
University of British Columbia <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 subject are...
University of British Columbia <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of centralized and fa...
University of British Columbia <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marginal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul>...
Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, college </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dista...
Vancouver Community College 26,000 Students Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 50% 31 years old Millennial 24 yrs an...
Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>231 DL courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 programs </...
Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not contained </li></ul></ul><ul...
Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul>...
Conclusions <ul><li>Theory explains the phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Related to type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>Lear...
For Further Information <ul><li>BCIT </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bcit.ca </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul>...
Future of Distance Education ?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Organizational Models in Dual Mode Institutions and the Social Agenda of Distance Educaiton

4,822 views

Published on

A presentation at the CNIE 2008 conference on organizational models for DE in dual mode institutions and the impact of e-learning on the social agenda of DE.

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,822
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,448
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
35
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Organizational Models in Dual Mode Institutions and the Social Agenda of Distance Educaiton

    1. 1. Organizational Models in Dual Mode Institutions and the Social Agenda of Distance Education Mark Bullen, Martha Burkle, Karen Belfer CNIE, Banff, April 2008
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Once upon a time…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflections on significant organizational change related to DE at UBC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not an isolated event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other institutions have struggled with the same issues </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>The theory </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Social agenda of DE </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Theory <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of e-learning for campus-based teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distance education seen as a technology issue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding of the distinct needs of distance learner (non-traditional) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of new organizational units with similar, overlapping mandates </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Social Agenda of Distance Education <ul><li>Help eliminate social, financial, situational, educational barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at the non-traditional learner </li></ul><ul><li>Open learning </li></ul><ul><li>Social development </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learners have different needs </li></ul>
    6. 6. E-Learning
    7. 7. Methodology <ul><li>Analysis of four dual mode organizational models: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UBC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BCIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VCC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attempt to test the theory </li></ul>
    8. 8. Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Student profile </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><li>DE organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>DE status </li></ul>
    9. 9. BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, polytechnic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not have a specific DE strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate depends on the needs of the Schools and Departments (in response to the needs of the field and learners’ needs). </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. BC Institute of Technology Full Time Students 13,000 Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 72% 26% 2% Part Time Students 30,000 24% 61% 15% Millennial 24 yrs and under <ul><li>Student Profile </li></ul>
    11. 11. BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>DE Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>459 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>79 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 different schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predominantly Health Sciences </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Base-funded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program-based delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managerial approach </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. BC Institute of Technology <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools and programs have a good understanding of how DE can support their educational goals (e.g. access, flexibility for working students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE instruction well-integrated into workload </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% of students studying by DE </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Student profile </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><li>DE organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>DE status </li></ul>
    15. 15. SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, polytechnic institute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double the DE gross revenue in 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of the Cisco Research Chair in e-Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase access to existing programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage collaboration in schools and partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnership through e-campus Alberta </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. SAIT Polytechnic 10, 500 Registrations in DE Programs Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 15% 66% 19% Campus Students 75,000 Millennial 24 yrs and under <ul><li>Student Profile </li></ul>Growth of 45% in 5 years
    17. 17. SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>51 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portfolio is strong in Energy related Training (50%) </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized- decentralized model that addresses SAIT wide issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many delivery formats in Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DE content is developed in partnership CITD + Schools </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. SAIT Polytechnic <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE add on – focus on growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Campus priority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical literacy – core competency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integration of learning with technology has been identified as the core competence in the Institutional Strategy </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Student profile </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><li>DE organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>DE status </li></ul>
    21. 21. University of British Columbia <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional, public, research university </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No institutional strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Priorities used to be determined by a university-wide committe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to make education accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aimed at non-traditional learner </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. University of British Columbia <ul><li>Student Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 DE enrollments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Majority are campus students taking DE for flexibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slightly older than campus students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>43,000 full time students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>largely 18-24 years old </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 23. University of British Columbia <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200 courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 subject areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 full programs </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. University of British Columbia <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of centralized and faculty-based support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gradual weakening of central unit as faculty-based technology support units have emerged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managerial approach </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. University of British Columbia <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marginal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of cost-recovery and base funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 10% of student population study by DE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the core goals of the institution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most DE instructors are part-time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE instruction not part of teaching load </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not seen as supporting the core goals of the institution </li></ul></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Student profile </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><li>DE organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>DE status </li></ul>
    27. 27. Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, college </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not have a specific DE strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate depends on the needs of the Schools and Departments (in response to the needs of the field and learners’ needs). </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Vancouver Community College 26,000 Students Boomer 45 yrs and over Gen X 25 – 44 yrs 50% 31 years old Millennial 24 yrs and under <ul><li>Student Profile </li></ul>
    29. 29. Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>231 DL courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 different schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predominantly Trades </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Organizational Structure for DE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not contained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized development --> centralized (CID) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program-based delivery </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Vancouver Community College <ul><li>Status of Distance Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some schools and programs have a good understanding of how DE can support their educational goals (e.g. access, flexibility for working students), others do not even consider it. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Case Study Framework <ul><li>Type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Student profile </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><li>DE organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>DE status </li></ul>
    33. 33. Conclusions <ul><li>Theory explains the phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Related to type of institution </li></ul><ul><li>Learner-centered institutions more likely preserve DE focus </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational structure? </li></ul><ul><li>DE strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>DE mandate? </li></ul>
    34. 34. For Further Information <ul><li>BCIT </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bcit.ca </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>SAIT </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sait.ca </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>VCC </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vcc.ca </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    35. 35. Future of Distance Education ?

    ×