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Lisbon, Portugal James


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Lisbon, Portugal James

  1. 1. Lisbon, Portugal Interior of the Igreja de Santa Maria Jerónimos Monastery , Lisbon The most predominant religion in Portugal is Roman Catholicism . Approximately 84% of the population are nominally Roman Catholic, but only about 19% attend mass and take the sacraments regularly. Yet a larger number wish to be baptized, married in the church, and receive last rites. [1] Although church and state were formally separated during the Portuguese First Republic (1910-26), a separation reiterated in the constitution of 1976, Roman Catholic precepts continue to have a relative weight in the Portuguese society and culture . Many Portuguese holidays, festivals and traditions have a religious origin or connotation. The educational and health care systems were for a long time the church's preserve, and many times when a building, bridge, or highway was opened, it received the blessing of the clergy. Hence, although church and state were formally separated, the Roman Catholic Church still receives a privileged treatment (despite strong opposition by left-wing political parties). Statistically, religious practices decrease according to age, being younger generations less religious than older ones. This information is from the Wikipedia
  2. 2. Portugals agriculture Agriculture in Portugal is based on small to medium-sized family-owned dispersed units. The extent of cooperative organisation has reaching a greater importance with globalization . Portugal produces a wide variety of crops and livestock products. Forestry has also played an important economic role among the rural communities. In 2001, the gross agricultural product accounted for 4% of the national GDP . Portugal is one of the world's largest producers of wine and cork . The land area of slightly more than 9.2 million hectares was classified as follows (in thousands of hectares): 2,755 arable land and permanent crops (including 710 in permanent crops), 530 permanent pasture, 3,640 forest and woodland, and 2,270 other land.
  3. 3. Portiguls landforms The Iberian Peninsula , or Iberia , is located in the extreme southwest of Europe and includes modern-day Spain , Portugal , Andorra and Gibraltar and a very small area of France . It is the westernmost of the three southern European peninsulas —the Iberian, Italian , and Balkan peninsulas. It is bordered on the southeast and east by the Mediterranean Sea , and on the north, west and southwest by the Atlantic Ocean . The Pyrenees form the northeast edge fo the peninsula, separating it from the rest of Europe. In the south, it approaches the northern coast of Africa . It is the second-largest peninsula in Europe, with an area of 582,860 square kilometres (225,040 sq mi).