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Oj1 week1rr


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Oj1 week1rr

  1. 1. OJ 1 Week 1 Reading Review<br />Newspaper biz model is 200+ years old <br />Costs: staff, printing, delivery<br />Revenue: ads, classifieds, subscriptions, newsstands<br />
  2. 2. Broadcast news biz model is nearly 100 years old<br />Costs: staff, equipment, and broadcasting<br />Revenue: ads<br />
  3. 3. The Internet blows up both of these models.<br />Examples?<br />
  4. 4. Newspapers have been in decline for a while…and it accelerated in last decade.<br />
  5. 5. Big media compared to General Motors – reach wide audience, used to provide stable jobs, but not the best at innovation.<br />
  6. 6. In early stages of web, traditional news organizations responded with “shoveling” and trying to sell advertising in the same way.<br />It didn’t work.<br />
  7. 7. News readership and viewership is actually increasing, but advertising on the web doesn’t generate as much $ as print or broadcast.<br />
  8. 8. The web is a different beast – a fundamental shift in the way we gather, use, and distribute information.<br />
  9. 9. Walter Lippmann vs. John Dewey<br />Two academics who had a big argument in the 1920s – long before the Internet.<br />
  10. 10. Walter Lippmann<br /> Journalism is fundamental to democracy – but the connection between info and citizens is broken.<br />
  11. 11. Walter Lippmann<br /> Journalism is good at easy stuff - major events, sports scores, or who died - but bad at covering complex social, policy, and government issues.<br />
  12. 12. Walter Lippmann<br /> Journalism causes “derangement, misunderstanding, and even misrepresentation.” <br />
  13. 13. Walter Lippmann<br /> Average America is clueless – “doesn’t know what is happening, why it is happening, what ought to happen.”<br />
  14. 14. Walter Lippmann<br /> Solution is to professionalize journalism – only the elite, well trained can do it.<br />
  15. 15. John Dewey<br /> Agreed with much of what Lippmann said, called it an “effective indictment of democracy.”<br />
  16. 16. John Dewey<br /> But he thought that democracy was less about “information” and more about “conversation.”<br />
  17. 17. John Dewey<br /> Democracy involves the ability to discuss, deliberate, and debate. People need places to do that.<br />
  18. 18. John Dewey<br /> The solution is more democratic education, workplaces, and newspapers to host those “conversations.”<br />
  19. 19. Walter Lippmann<br /> News as:<br />Information<br />Product<br />Top down<br />
  20. 20. John Dewey<br /> News as:<br />Conversation<br />A process<br />Shared enterprise<br />
  21. 21. Walter Lippmann vs. John Dewey<br />Who cares?<br />
  22. 22. Walter Lippmann<br /> Journalism turned out to be more like Lippmann's view. Those with influence and power decide the “news.”<br />
  23. 23. John Dewey<br /> But Internet is more like Dewey’s view. Now everyone can participate and decide what is “news.”<br />
  24. 24. What Does This Mean for Young Journalists?<br />The “web killed journalism” narrative is not accurate. Platforms may change, but journalism remains.<br />
  25. 25. What Does This Mean for Young Journalists?<br />What if journalism in the Internet age is more about “conversation” than “information”?<br /> How does that change what we do?<br />
  26. 26. What Does This Mean for Young Journalists?<br />What if journalism is a “process” not a “product”? <br />How does that change what we do?<br />
  27. 27. What Does This Mean for Young Journalists?<br />Innovative<br />Entrepreneurial<br />Participatory<br />Hosting conversations<br />Variety of job paths<br />
  28. 28. Where Do We Go From Here?<br />Wider range of skills<br />Pro vs. amateur<br />“We are all web workers now”<br />New mindset…what is the value of a journalist?<br />