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SUNYLA 2017 Conference

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Engaging Diverse Learners in the Information Literacy Classroom: Discovering the Performer Inside

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SUNYLA 2017 Conference

  1. 1. Mark Aaron Polger, Assistant Professor First Year Experience Librarian and Information Literacy Instructor College of Staten Island, City University of New York SUNYLA 2017, June 15, 2017, 10:15am-11:00am Engaging Diverse Learners in the Information Literacy Classroom: Discovering The Performer Inside
  2. 2. Outline • Results -Questionnaire on Student Engagement in the Library Classroom (QSELC) • Overarching Themes • Teaching as Performance • Two Performance Theories • Judith Butler – Performativity • Erving Goffman - Dramaturgical Sociology • What Kind of Performer Are You?
  3. 3. In Dec 2014, in preparation for our book, a study was conducted to examine librarians’ perceptions of student engagement in the library classroom 900 respondents 38% public 4 year college 37% private 4 year college 24% public 2 year college 2% private 2 year college
  4. 4. Engagement is the latest buzzword. Let’s define it! Definitions of engagement (source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary) 1 : an arrangement to meet or be present at a specified time and place 2 : a job or period of employment especially as a performer 3 : emotional involvement or commitment 4 : the state of being in gear 5: a hostile encounter between military forces
  5. 5. Top 7 terms that describe student engagement: Connection 83% Attention 83% Interaction 80% Learning 75% Motivation 74% Discussion 73% Curiosity 68%
  6. 6. Library instruction models One-shots 83.5% Embedded 34% “One shot” and “For credit” courses 21.1% One-shots online 13.8% “For credit” courses 8.2% “For credit” online courses 1.2%
  7. 7. Top 8 techniques used to engage students Real world examples 83% Class activities 80% Humor 79% Interaction 74% Instructional scaffolding 55% Body movements 51% Multimedia 42% Storytelling 30%
  8. 8. How Do We Assess Students’ Level of Engagement? Observation 72% In-class activities 63% Feedback forms 39% Surveys 27% Post-test 25% Formal in-person interviews 23% Pre-test 14%
  9. 9. Factors That Might Affect Student Engagement Personality of library instructor 81% Disengaged faculty member 79% Time of day 77% Disruptions 66% Space 63% Technology 59% Discipline 37%
  10. 10. Top Five Teaching Techniques- “Very Engaging” Hands-on time 76% Real-world examples 50% Humor 38% Storytelling 28% Tailoring handout 24%
  11. 11. Top Five Teaching Techniques- “Somewhat Engaging” Multimedia 64% Humor 59% Storytelling 57% Tailoring handout 56% Role-play 52%
  12. 12. Top Five Teaching Techniques- “Not Engaging” Theatrics 37% Clickers 32% Role-play 22% Tailoring handout 17% Storytelling 14%
  13. 13. Overarching Themes in Open Ended Comments : Teaching is a performance Engagement depends on many factors No perfect recipe for successful engagement Many external /internal factors affect engagement (time of day, technology, whether students already received library instruction, level of course, discipline, if assignment has been given)
  14. 14. Performance Resonates with Me as an Introvert: Two Performance Theories Erving Goffman- Dramaturgical Sociology Judith Butler- Performativity
  15. 15. Goffman- Dramaturgical Sociology The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959) -theory about social interactions -actors perform on stage -perform to improve public image -adhere to societal rules (aka the script)
  16. 16. Front stage - in costume, - assuming role of actor Back stage - stepping out of character - waiter/waitress on coffee break - celebrities without makeup
  17. 17. Butler- Performative Acts and Gender Constitution(1988) Our identities are played out as a performance. Our identities are formed by “doing”, not by “being” We are actors who repeatedly perform a role. Source: Butler, J. (1988). Performative acts and gender constitution: An essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre journal, 40(4), 519-531.
  18. 18. What kind of performer are you? Humorous? Serious/Formal? Sarcastic? Theatrical? Practical/Hands on?
  19. 19. Interested in learning more about student engagement in the library classroom? MarkAaron.Polger@csi.cuny.edu www.markaaronpolger.com

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