TECHNOLOGY WILL SAVE OUR MINDS AND BODIESBy Mark Power
Technology has played an important medical role inthe lives of people all over the world. Technology isthe reason many people are still alive today. With thedevelopment of new cures and new vaccines,technology will continue to allow people to live longerand healthier lives. With the advancement ofmedicine through new technological inventions thathelp diagnose, monitor, repair and treat injuries andinfections, people can expect to live normal lives.
A TIMELINE OF SOME OF THE GREATEST MEDICAL ADVANCEMENTS http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/medical-advances-timeline
SOME OF THE NEW TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS IN THE MEDICAL FIELD FOR 2012 origami Paper Analytical Device or oPAD http://asset2.cbsistatic.com/cnwk.1d/i/tim/2012/03/08/AlexWang_424x318.jpeg
The oPAD, is a new paper sensor device that can detect variousdiseases or biological agents. The new paper sensor is printed on anordinary office printer, where using chromatograph paper, ahydrophobic material like wax is laid down to direct the sample to thespot on the paper embedded with the test reagents. This new papersensor can be used to test blood, saliva, urine and other fluids forglucose, malaria, HIV or any other disease. This is already the sameprocess used in pregnancy tests. The origami Paper AnalyticalDevice, which it is known as because it resembles origami, is a muchbetter sensor than those used in pregnancy tests due to thelimitations of the pregnancy test paper. With the origami sensor, thepaper is folded into a 3D shape which Richard Crooks says allows fora test of more substances in a smaller surface area and providesresults for more complex tests.
Pros• Costs 10 cents per sensor• Can test for more substances on a small surface• Allows people access to these sorts of tests who to not have the resources to pay• Easily produced• Useful where the infrastructure is not present to collect and transport old style samples to a labCons• No foreseeable consConclusion This medical advancement in technology that can help diagnose for different dieses or deficiencies is a very important technological advancement. People can now be diagnosed for some disease without having to travel to a laboratory that performs these sorts of tests. This would be especially helpful to people of the developing world who do not have access to those facilities necessary to diagnose their issues. The most important part of this new medical invention is that the cost is so low, 10 cents a test, to receive the correct medical diagnosis.
I-BESS (Integrated Blast Effects Sensor Suite) system http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZsPHMS4P SYI&feature=player_embeddedhttp://cdn.medgadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/REFs-Integrated-Blast-Effects-Sensor-Suite.jpg
The US Army has come out with a new suit for their soldiers to wearthat will measure the impacts of explosions and trauma to the humanbody through sensors that are implanted in the soldier’s body suitand inside the armoured vehicle they are driving in. This suit is calledthe I-BESS for Integrated Blast Effects Sensor Suit system. Thissystem is a system made up of four sensors in the body suit thatcommunicate with each other as well as a vehicle based system thathas additional sensors to collect information. Through wirelesscommunication this data is transferred in real time to a data storagesystem called the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury inCombat where it can be examined and accessed by medicalprofessionals. With the I-BESS system the Army can help identifythose soldiers with a greater chance for asymptomatic injuries oftenof the brain but also help improve body armour and develop othermitigation strategies. This body suit should lead to the diagnosis ofmore injuries that would otherwise go untreated because they areinjuries that you cannot see.
Pros• Better injury diagnosis• Leads to better trauma care• Leads to armour improvementCons• Only a recording system, does not protect the soldiersConclusion This medical advancement in technology can help diagnose for different injuries to soldiers when they are attacked or near explosions on the battlefield. This new equipment will help medical staff identify injured soldiers before they have even returned back to base. The results from this new technology will also be beneficial to improving body armour and vehicle armour due to the data obtained from the sensors embedded in the body armour and vehicles.
Aquamantys3 BSC 9.1S Bipolar Sealer with Cutting for Orthopaedic Surgery http://cdn.medgadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/BSC-9.1S-Bipolar-Sealer-with- Cutting.jpg http://vimeo.com/33665262#t=46http://cdn.medgadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/BSC-9.1S-Bipolar-Sealer-with-Cutting-zoom.jpg
The Aquamanty’s BSC 9.1S Bipolar Sealer is a surgical instrumentthat is used as a cutting tool as well as a sealing tool for surgicaloperations. This instrument is a device that performs haemostaticsealing and coagulation of soft tissue and bone as well as allows thesurgeon to use it as a cutting instrument. This new invention isdesigned to save time during surgery as well as minimize blood loss.The Bipolar Sealer allows the surgeon to save valuable secondswhile blood is flowing by not having to switch between differentinstruments. This instrument allows the surgeon to reduce theiroperating time by reducing the number of tool changes, whichtranslates to surgeons being able to perform on more patients in aday. This instrument has also been linked to the reduction of bloodtransfusion rates and decreased hospital stays due to reduced bloodloss and maintaining patient hemoglobin levels during surgery.
Pros• Instrument allows surgeons to save time during surgeries and see more patients• Reduces blood loss• Decreased hospital stay time after surgeries,Cons• Access to instrumentConclusion This medical advancement in technology can help surgeons to save time while performing surgeries. The new instrument will reduce blood loss during operations thus requiring less blood transfusions which translates to a saving in the hospital’s blood stocks. This technology is a great advancement, it takes two very important tools in surgery and combines them into one tool which will significantly decrease the amount of time required to switch between tools while performing operations.
Georgia Tech researchers have used computer modeling to designmicrorobots, a tiny robot that can swim inside the human circulatorsystem, which may allow for a new delivery system for drugs, genesand other therapies. The robots cannot be designed using traditionalpropulsion methods like propellers, so the design of them wasimportant. The microrobots are designed with a guiding flap on thefront and two power flaps on the back attached to a chunk of gel.The gel is a special kind of gel, delivering the desired medium whichcan be made responsive to different stimuli found in the human bodysuch as; heat, chemical changes of the environment or light. Thoughthis technology is in the starting stages of research, the idea couldhelp save many lives by being able to target certain areas in the bodydirectly by directing the medicine to that exact spot.
Pros• Allow for local treatment and administration of medicine• Ability to reach anywhere in the bodyCons• Necessary size requirements• In body propulsion system• Not physically real yet, still in research/design phaseConclusion This medical advancement in technology will be a very important advancement. With the ability to target a certain region of the body and use delivery system through the body to delivery medicine or other mediums to that exact location is a major break through in medicine. Having the ability to control where to target would allow for people to take these microrobots into their bodies and have them perform the work of delivering the medium instead of taking a pill and hoping it works like we do now. With this new technology, I think it will only pave the way for more advancements in the delivery of medicine inside the human body.
REFERENCESArmstrong-Moore, E. (2012). Origami paper sensor could detect malaria, HIV for 10 cents. CBS Interactive. Retrieved from http://news.cnet.com/8301-27083_3- 57393611-247/origami-paper-sensor-could-detect-malaria-hiv-for-10-cents/Oppenheimer, D. (2012). Origami-inspired Paper Sensor could test for malaria and HIV for less than 10 cents, report chemists. University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved from http://www.utexas.edu/news/2012/03/08/origami_malaria_hivOstrovsky, G. (2012). I-BESS battlefield blast detection system to help detect soldier injuries. Retrieved from http://medgadget.com/2012/08/i-bess-battlefield-blast- detection-system-to-help-detect-soldier-injuries-video.htmlOstrovsky, G. (2012). Medtronic’s BSC 9.1s bipolar sealer with cutting for orthopaedic surgery detection system to help detect soldier injuries. Retrieved from http://medgadget.com/2012/08/medtronics-bsc-9-1s-bipolar-sealer-with-cutting-for- orthopaedic-surgery.htmlOstrovsky, G. (2012). Tiny microrobots to swim with therapeutic payloads. Retrieved from http://medgadget.com/2012/08/tiny-microrobots-to-swim-with-therapeutic- payloads.html