Marjorie Kyomuhendo<br />FUNDAMENTALS OF PUBLIC SPEAKING<br />
AUDIENCE ADAPTATION<br />Public speaking is an audience-centered and not speaker-centered activity.<br />Must research, an...
SUCCEESFUL SPEECH?<br />Did I meet audience member expectations & fulfill their needs?<br />Did I make a contribution to t...
	AUDIENCE ANALYSIS<br />Demographic profile – age, sex, gender, marital & parental status, ethnicity, culture, income, edu...
AUDIENCE ADAPTATION 2<br />Choose a topic and approach.<br />Know how many people will be there.<br />Consider the speakin...
SPEECH ETHICS<br />Do not plagiarize<br />Never mislead<br />Prepare well<br />Use sound reasoning<br />Tell the whole sto...
SPEECH ANXIETY<br />CAUSES<br />Unfamiliar situations<br />Evaluation situation<br />Formal situations<br />On-native lang...
COPING WITH ANXIETY<br />Before<br />Select a subject with which you are comfortable<br />Prepare thoroughly in advance<br...
COPING WITH ANXIETY 2<br />During the speech<br />Dress appropriately and comfortably<br />Relax your body and voice – dee...
ORGANISATION OF SPEECHES<br />Choose a theme<br />Decide the purpose<br />Frame a thesis statement – single sentence that ...
ORGANISATION OF SPEECHES 2<br />8. Use visual aids<br />9. Transitions &Signposts = First, next, third point, finally, how...
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Fundamentals of public speaking

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  • Novice speakers always weary of how they performed.Ie Did I fidget, did I keep my composure? etc
  • Compliment their sacrifices, struggles
  • Moral standards by which people judge
  • Fundamentals of public speaking

    1. 1. Marjorie Kyomuhendo<br />FUNDAMENTALS OF PUBLIC SPEAKING<br />
    2. 2. AUDIENCE ADAPTATION<br />Public speaking is an audience-centered and not speaker-centered activity.<br />Must research, analyze and adapt to your audience.<br />Known to consider the values, beliefs, <br />Interests, needs and knowledge levels of her <br />Audience.<br />
    3. 3. SUCCEESFUL SPEECH?<br />Did I meet audience member expectations & fulfill their needs?<br />Did I make a contribution to their levels of awareness?<br />Did I influence their attitudes/behaviors?<br />Did have an impact?<br />
    4. 4. AUDIENCE ANALYSIS<br />Demographic profile – age, sex, gender, marital & parental status, ethnicity, culture, income, education & occupation.<br />Beliefs- Taxes too high? Polices unfair? No contraception?<br />Attitudes- clustered beliefs<br />Values- security, freedom, family, equality, social recognition<br />Needs- Life’s basic, love, esteem, security, self-actualization<br />
    5. 5. AUDIENCE ADAPTATION 2<br />Choose a topic and approach.<br />Know how many people will be there.<br />Consider the speaking environment (occasion & place)<br />Recognize your audience (language, compliments, acknowledge their beliefs/attitudes, multiple audiences, knowledge levels<br />Dress appropriately<br />Body language, intonation, projection<br />
    6. 6. SPEECH ETHICS<br />Do not plagiarize<br />Never mislead<br />Prepare well<br />Use sound reasoning<br />Tell the whole story<br />Respect yourself<br />Respect your audience (Don't speak down to them, avoid racial slurs, ethnic jokes, and other potentially offensive content.)<br />Consider the consequence<br />
    7. 7. SPEECH ANXIETY<br />CAUSES<br />Unfamiliar situations<br />Evaluation situation<br />Formal situations<br />On-native language<br />When others have high expectations of our performance<br />When we set high personal standards<br />Past failure<br />Where we are ignore<br />
    8. 8. COPING WITH ANXIETY<br />Before<br />Select a subject with which you are comfortable<br />Prepare thoroughly in advance<br />Don’t try to memorize the entire speech’<br />Find out who will be present at the speech<br />Practice/Rehearse<br />Familiarize yourself with equipment and physical arrangements<br />
    9. 9. COPING WITH ANXIETY 2<br />During the speech<br />Dress appropriately and comfortably<br />Relax your body and voice – deep breath, sit straight.<br />Concentrate on what you are saying not how<br />Eliminate distractions<br />Drink some water<br />Use visual aids<br />Concentrate on audience than self<br />Don’t verbalize your anxiety<br />Tell a story<br />
    10. 10. ORGANISATION OF SPEECHES<br />Choose a theme<br />Decide the purpose<br />Frame a thesis statement – single sentence that expresses the main point of your speech.<br />Identifying and ordering major points<br />Develop an outline- subheadings, outline, indent, highlight<br />Time the speech<br />Strategies- attention-getting, conversational language, references, examples, questions to audience, quotations, linguistic , humor, gimmicks (tear note)<br />
    11. 11. ORGANISATION OF SPEECHES 2<br />8. Use visual aids<br />9. Transitions &Signposts = First, next, third point, finally, however, next, we will look for solutions<br />10. Conclusion- summary of major points, shouldn’t be too lengthy, should not introduce new material, should provide closure.<br />

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