1. Publishing cycle
2. Know your audience
3. Choose the right journal
4. Tools to help you select a journal
5. Writing for your chosen journal
6. Preparing your manuscript
7. A word on etiquette
8. The peer review process
9. What to expect from the process
10. Top 10 reasons why journal articles are rejected
11. What to do if your paper is rejected
12. Published? Promote your paper!
13. Overview of Open Access Publishing
14. Help for prospective authors
Founded in 1798
First journal was Philosophical
Publish over 2,200 journals
across all subject areas
One of the world’s biggest
launching new products and
At the centre of everything we
do is dissemination of research
and overall excellence of
service to our authors
A journal article is not a magazine article, a book manuscript
or your PhD thesis (but you could write a Book Review…)!
Q. Do you:
a) Write an article for a specific journal?
b) Find any journal for your article
A. Be in the minority:
30% of authors write for a specific journal, 70% write the
article and panic.
Tip 2: You are joining a conversation with other authors
Research the journals in your field:
Visit your university library
Look at publishers and journal websites
Talk to your colleagues
Pick your type: Generalist, or niche?
Read the Aims and Scope
Ask the right questions and know the right answers:
• Editorial Board?
• Impact Factor?
• Peer Review?
• Submission process?
• Open Access policy?
Citation metrics (rightly or wrongly) are widely used as measures of
Tenure & promotion committees
Grant awarding bodies
In the simplest terms, they calculate the average number of
citations over a specified time period.
Impact Factor/Sciences Citation Index
Article Influence Score®
These are often perceived as just
a social media tool
More powerful than this –
◦ Look at broader measures that can
relate back to research output
Useful as a filter:
◦ More than 1.7 million articles in
Scopus from 2012
◦ Impossible to read everything!
◦ Provide a post-publication filter
◦ Helps us know what we need to read
◦ Speed – very current
Various services available
Think like an Editor
“...I think authors need to be a little bit empathetic,
they need to think ‘what is it like to be an editor of
a journal? How many papers is the Editor receiving
per day, per week? What is going to actually make
the journal pay attention to my paper?”
Monica Taylor, Former Editor of Journal of Moral
Definitely Do the following:
Look at accepted papers
Quote from articles in the journal
Fit the Aims & Scope
Format your article to the journal’s standard
Know where or who to submit to
Check spelling and grammar
Consider English ‘Polishing’
Ask a colleague to read it
Definitely Do NOT:
× Overlook the title
× Rush the abstract
× Ignore the submission guidelines
× Ignore the bibliography
× Leave acronyms unexplained
× Forget to clear any Copyright
× Miss out attachments (figures, tables, photos)
× Send the incorrect version of your paper
The title and abstract are the most visible parts of
"We would typically expect a strong title, a good
title that really expressed what the article was
about and made it clear to the reader exactly what
the topic was, and it's amazing how often writers
neglect to do that.”
Professor Mark Brundrett, Editor of Education 3-13
“A good abstract will tell you what the key issue
that’s addressed is, it’ll give you an idea of the
methods that have been used and the conclusions
that have been arrived at. So that abstract ought to
tell someone whether it’s worth them spending
part of their life reading this paper. If the abstract
doesn’t do that the chances are the paper will have
Professor David Gillborn, Editor, Race, Ethnicity
New website providing support to “polish”
author manuscripts and help prepare them
English Language Editing
Plagiarism: is it on the increase or are we just
better at detecting it? It doesn’t matter, just don’t
Be wary of self-plagiarism
Don’t submit a manuscript to more than one
journal at a time
Don’t send an incomplete paper just to get
Always acknowledge your co-authors and/or
Always mention any source of funding for your
1. Editor receives
4. Feedback to
6. Publisher proof
Also known as masked review, where the reviewer's name is
hidden from the author.
Also known as double-masked review, where the reviewer's
name is hidden from the author and the author's name is
hidden from the reviewer.
Where no identities are concealed.
Where comments can be made by readers and reviewers
after the article has been published.
Reject and Resubmit
Revise and resubmit
◦ with major revisions
◦ with minor revisions
The process should not take too long
You should be kept informed of the progress of
Feedback that you receive from referees should
always be constructive, justified and polite.
The process should be transparent.
Referees should not keep copies of your paper or
use any part of it without prior permission.
There should be a policy in place to deal with
conflicts of interest.
Confidentiality and impartiality should be
The reviewing process should be open to audit.
1 Out of scope
2 Not a true academic article
3 Too long/too short
4 Disregard for writing conventions
5 Poor style, grammar, punctuation or English
6 No contribution to the subject
7 Not contextualised/parochial interest
8 Poor theoretical framework/lacks references
9 Poorly presented or proofread
10 Libellous, unethical, rude
Do nothing for a few days: calm down!
It’s not usually worth getting into a discussion with
the Editor about the reviewers, it won’t alter the
decision and could do you harm.
Use the reviewers’ comments, alter the paper and
submit to another journal.
If you do submit elsewhere, take care to alter your
paper to the new style of that journal. Editors can
easily detect a paper that was submitted to a rival
If asked to make heavy amendments and resubmit,
you must decide if it is worthwhile. Remember, you
may get rejected again! It may be better to go
Departmental website or personal webpage
Social and Academic Networking:
◦ e.g. Twitter, Facebook, Linked-In, MyNetResearch,
Free Sample Copy
Send e-prints to your colleagues
Lots of terms are used to define Open Access, often
Two main types - Gold and Green, but what do they mean?
In essence, Open Access means:
making content freely available online to read
making content reusable by third parties with little or no
Gold Open Access
publication of the final article (“Version of Record”)
article is made freely available online (typically after payment
of an Article Publishing Charge (APC)).
Green Open Access
*Usually* refers to archiving or deposit of an earlier version
of your article in a repository
T&F offer the following Open Access licence options:
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY):
◦ others may distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even
commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC):
◦ others may remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially,
and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-
commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same
terms. This license is offered to authors publishing in a Taylor & Francis
Open or Routledge Open journal.
A T&F OA License to Publish, similar to the Attribution-NonCommercial-
NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) license.
◦ Under this license others may download your works and share them with
others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way
or use them commercially. The License also allows for text- and data-
mining of your works. This license is offered to authors publishing on an
open-access basis in an Open Select journal.
Full Open Access – Gold OA option:
◦ APC charges vary
Hybrid Open Access:
◦ Gold OA option: APC is (typically) US$2,950 /
€2,150 / £1,788
Note the Journal of Modern Optics $700 APC pilot
◦ Green OA option:
Accepted MS can be posted on your personal or
departmental website on publication of final article
(Version of Record). 12-18 month embargo before
final article can be placed in repository:
12 months (Science/Technology/Behavioural Science)
18 months (Social Science/Arts/Humanities)
Regional waiver programme
Author choice emphasised, as well as
funder compliance facilitated
Taylor & Francis Author Services website
provides a wealth of information for authors:
Has sections on:
Featuring audio interviews with academic editors providing advice
on how to get published and how to write a research paper.
Comprehensive guidance is available on:
writing an article, editing or language polishing, translating,
checking references, artwork, providing supplementary data,
how to choose a journal;
systems and interfaces (ScholarOne Manuscripts, Rightslink etc.);
the review process and what to expect;
the production process and checking proofs;
post-publication, errata, reprints, optimising citations;
article versions and institutional repositories: what authors can
and can’t do with their articles.