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IoT connectivity and solutions

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Slides used in the tal on PhD School by University of Parma in Lerici.
http://phdschool.tlc.unipr.it/iot/2014/index.php/welcome/home.html

Published in: Technology

IoT connectivity and solutions

  1. 1. 1 IoT Connectivity and solutions Dr Màrius Montón marius@worldsensing.com
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  8. 8. What is IoT ? “The data are no longer in the computers. We have come to see that the computers are in the data" Trillions: Thriving In The Emerging Information Ecology
  9. 9. Things ● Addressable ● Connected to the Internet ● Sensor / Actuator → Event driven ● Intelligent (smart) ● Localizable (GNSS)
  10. 10. Forecast CISCO: “Internet of Things Forecasts Vary by an Order of Magnitude” online available at http://ipcarrier.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/internet-of-things-forecasts-vary-by.html, October 2013
  11. 11. Forecast CISCO: “Internet of Things Forecasts Vary by an Order of Magnitude” online available at http://ipcarrier.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/internet-of-things-forecasts-vary-by.html, October 2013
  12. 12. Why connected? Cloud Big Data Open data Knowledge Information Data Generate wisdom Value WISDOM What to do? What's hapenning? What's the meaning?
  13. 13. Verticals / Markets Buildings Smart Cities Automotive Consumer Health Automation Retail Construction Agriculture Energy Management
  14. 14. Verticals / Markets Buildings Smart Cities Automotive Consumer Health Automation Retail Construction Agriculture Energy Management Internet of Things
  15. 15. M2M Technologies - Wired ● SCADA ● HART ● Modbus ● IEC 62056-21 ● HTTP/TCP ● ... STANDARDS
  16. 16. M2M Technologies - Wireless ● Cellular (GSM, LTE) ● LPWA (SigFox, Weightless, LoRa, OnRamp) ● ANT ● DASH7 ● 802.11 (p, ah, ...) ● 802.15.4(e) – ZigBee - Wireless HART ● 802.15.1 – BT (Smart) ● ...
  17. 17. M2M Technologies - Overview WWiiFFii 880022..1111 LLPP WWiiFFii CCeelllluullaarr UUMMTTSS,, HHDDPPAA LLTTEE,, LLTTEE--AA WWiiFFii 880022..1111 LLPP WWiiFFii SShhoorrtt RRaannggee ZZiiggBBeeee 880022..1155..44 BBlluueeTTooootthh 880022..1155..11 LLPPWWAA SSiiggffooxx,, LLooRRaa,, WWeeiigghhttlleessss,, OOnnRRaammpp Mbps kbps bps 10 m 100 m 1 km 10 km
  18. 18. M2M Technologies - Overview Mbps kbps bps BBTT ZZwwaavveeZZiiggBBeeee AANNTT HHDDPPAA UUMMTTSS EEDDGGEE DDAASSHH77 WWiiFFiiaa WW-- HHAARRTT WWiiFFiiaacc LLTTEE WWiiFFiiaahh WWiiFFiipp WWeeiigghhttlleessss LLooRRaa SSiiggFFooxx OOnnRRaammpp 10 m 100 m 1 km 10 km
  19. 19. M2M Technologies - Overview Mbps kbps bps BBTT ZZwwaavveeZZiiggBBeeee AANNTT HHDDPPAA UUMMTTSS EEDDGGEE DDAASSHH77 WWiiFFiiaa WW-- HHAARRTT WWiiFFiiaacc LLTTEE WWiiFFiiaahh WWiiFFiipp WWeeiigghhttlleessss LLooRRaa SSiiggFFooxx OOnnRRaammpp 10 m 100 m 1 km 10 km
  20. 20. Low Power is the key ● New restrictions – Memory – CPU process – % duty cycling ● Every single bit is valuable © from “Balancing power consumption in IoT devices by using variable packet size ” by M. Domingo-Prieto et al. (2014)
  21. 21. What technology to use? © IEEE, from “Feasibility of Wi-Fi Enabled Sensors for Internet of Things,” by Serbulent Tozlu (2011)
  22. 22. Interoperability ● Cellular (GSM, LTE) ● LPWA (SigFox, Weightless, LoRa, OnRamp) ● ANT ● DASHa7 ● 802.11 (p, ah, ...) ● 802.15.4(e) – ZigBee - Wireless HART ● 802.15.1 – BT (Smart) ● ...
  23. 23. Interoperability ● Cellular (GSM, LTE) ● LPWA (SigFox, Weightless, LoRa, OnRamp) ● ANT ● DASHa7 ● 802.11 (p, ah, ...) ● 802.15.4(e) – ZigBee - Wireless HART ● 802.15.1 – BT (Smart) ● ... INTEROPERABILITY!!!
  24. 24. GW 1 GW 2 GW 3 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 Cloud 1 Cloud 2 Cloud 3
  25. 25. 1 1 1 2 App 1 App 2 App 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 Cloud 1 Cloud 2 Cloud 3
  26. 26. 1 1 1 2 App 1 App 2 App 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 Cloud 1 Cloud 2 Cloud 3 Virtualization QoS SLA Shared RAT
  27. 27. IoT Alliances ● AllJoin (https://allseenalliance.org/) – Free & Open source code – Common API over various transport layers
  28. 28. IoT Alliances ● Open Interconnect (http://openinterconnect.org) – Still close & unclear – Working on interoperability
  29. 29. Conclusions ● Vertical Technology convergence → Single solution (standard) for vertical market (maybe?) ● Basestation / concentrators → Utilities – Network Operators: Vodafone, Orange, etc. – Service Operators: Sigfox, Avertis, etc. – New challenges on Basestation / GW Side ● Virtualization of apps ● Shared Radio Interfaces ● QoS ● SLA
  30. 30. That's all Màrius Montón Innovation Manager, Worldsensing marius@worldsensing.com @mariusmonton

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