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Although but ppt

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Although but ppt

  1. 1. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although, but, however This presentation explains how these words affect sentence structure and punctuation.
  2. 2. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although but however These three words are related semantically (in meaning): they all signal a contrast in the information that follows with the information that precedes.
  3. 3. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although but however However, these words differ structurally: they are different parts of speech and affect sentence patterns in different ways.
  4. 4. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although, but, however semantic similarity structural difference An editor needs to know the structural difference in order to punctuate sentences correctly.
  5. 5. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although, but, however sentence patterns and punctuation – Punctuation errors can result from using the words as interchangeable. – Misreading can result from errors.
  6. 6. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e parts of speech word part of speech effect on sentence although subordinating conjunction makes clause dependent but coordinating conjunction joins like things (2 independent clauses) however conjunctive adverb modifies an independent clause
  7. 7. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e sentence analysis • Although I have studied the textbook, I am still confused. – two clauses (2 pairs of subject + verb) – subordinating conjunction (“although”) – dependent clause – complex sentence: comma after the introductory clause
  8. 8. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e sentence analysis • I have studied the textbook, but I am still confused. – coordinating conjunction (“but”) – two independent clauses – compound sentence: comma separates clauses with a coordinating conjunction
  9. 9. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e sentence analysis • I have studied the textbook; however, I am still confused. – conjunctive adverb (“however”); joins clauses but does not affect the sentence pattern – two independent clauses – compound sentence, no coordinating conjunction-->semicolon
  10. 10. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e sentence analysis • I am confused. I have, however, studied the textbook. – adverb (“however”) – two simple sentences – the adverb is an interrupting word that requires a pair of commas
  11. 11. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e review although, but, however • Parts of speech affect sentence patterns. • Although, but, and however are different parts of speech. – although--subordinating conjunction – but--coordinating conjunction – however--conjunctive adverb
  12. 12. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e review sentence types • compound sentence = two independent clauses – join with comma plus coordinating conjunction – join with a semicolon • complex sentence = one independent clause, one dependent clause – join with a comma or nothing (never a semicolon)
  13. 13. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e review although, but, however • Although makes a clause dependent and the sentence complex. • But joins independent clauses in a compound sentence. • However can join independent clauses but does not change their independence.
  14. 14. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e editing: original sentence • When editors analyze sentence structure, they punctuate correctly; although it is easy to confuse different parts of speech.
  15. 15. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e editing: analysis When editors analyze sentence structure they punctuate correctly although it is easy to confuse different parts of speech. dependent clause (S+V + subordinating conjunction) independent clause (S+V) dependent clause (S+V + subordinating conjunction)
  16. 16. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e option for punctuation #1 Delete the semicolon (or replace it with a comma): maintain complex sentence. When editors analyze sentence structure, they punctuate correctly died although it is easy to confuse different parts of speech.
  17. 17. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e option for punctuation #2 Replace although with however and retain the semicolon: create a compound sentence. When editors analyze sentence structure, they punctuate correctly; however, it is easy to confuse different parts of speech.
  18. 18. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e Choosing an option • In this case, the second option is easier to read because it has two independent clauses rather than two dependent clauses.
  19. 19. 8/01 For use with Technical Editing 3e although, but, however • know parts of speech • know the ways these words affect clauses • punctuate according to structure

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