Sea Routes to Asia• The Europeans needed to ﬁnd a route over seas rather than land to trade spices, silk, precious stones, and metals.• Ferdinand Magellan found a route around the southern tip of Africa.• The Spanish sent Columbus, and he ended up in the Caribbean.• Amerigo Vespucci was the ﬁrst explorer to realize that they had not landed in Asia, so they named the new place after him.• John Cabot, working for the English, thought that Columbus had a good idea.• In 1498, he tried to head farther north across the Atlantic and ended up in Canada.• In 1513, Ponce de Leon went with Columbus on his second journey and discovered Florida.• Henry Hudson tried again in 1609 and ended up in the Hudson River. In 1610, he ended up in the Hudson Bay.
Trade Established BetweenEurope, Africa, and the Americas• As the colonies in the Americas grow, triangular trade begins to take place.• The ships started in Europe with manufactured (store-bought) goods.• They arrived in Africa to trade the items for slaves.• The slaves went to America to grow crops for the store bought goods.• This triangle continued over and over again.
Economics• Competition, markets, and prices inﬂuence behavior
Henry HudsonChildren’s Book:Beyond the Sea of Ice
History Pockets from Evan Moor:Explorers of North America
Increased Power of European Countries• Spanish - Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492• Spanish - Hernan de Soto in Florida in 1536• French - Samuel de Champlain in Quebec in 1605• English - Jamestown in 1607• English - Plymouth in 1620
19th Century Presidents• Thomas Jefferson - Louisiana Purchase; exploration of Lewis and Clark• James Madison - War of 1812• James Monroe - The Monroe Doctrine• Andrew Jackson - Nationalism and Sectionalism; Trail of Tears• James Polk - Mexican-American War; discovery of gold in CA
Read Sacagawea: American Pathfinder(Childhood of Famous Americans Series)
Citizenship• Ways Individuals Can Contribute to a School or Community• Character Traits Important to Constitutional Democracy• Involved in the government process (student government; political decision making; analyzing issues; petitioning public ofﬁcials)