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  1. 1. By Marissa Borquez May 14, 2009 Period 3
  2. 2. The coined term “autism” goes all the way back to 1911, however then it was not meant for what it is today but instead referred to adult schizophrenia. It was described for the first time in 1943 by Dr. Leo Kanner. He observed numbers of children's’ behavior and found 11 of them to be in common. The behavior they all had in common was that the children had withdrawn from human contact. Throughout the 40’s and the 60’s the medical community felt that autistic children were schizophrenic. In the 60’s was when doctors began understanding autism and identifying symptoms and treatments.
  3. 3. CAUSES/RISKS Children with; FRAGILE X SYNDROME~ [the most common cause of inherited mental impairment] & TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS~ [a genetic disorder that causes tumors to form in many different organs, primarily in the brain, eyes, heart, kidney, skin and lungs] are higher at risk for autism than the general population Autism Effects Males More Than Females Autism is NOT caused by upbringings [a particular way of bringing up a child]
  4. 4. SYMPTOMS Autism affects thought, perception, and attention. It is a wide variety of disorders that range from mild to severe. The disorder occurs among many different situation and is consistently inappropriate for age. A diagnosis of DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) or, “autistic disorder” is made when someone shows 6 to 12 symptoms from 3 major areas; Social interaction, Communication, and Behavior.
  5. 5. SYMPTOMS •Failure to develop peer relationships as appropriate to age level. •Lack of pointing out objects of interest to other people •Delay or complete lack of spoken language •Symbolic or imaginative play •Resistance to any type of change •Staring at hands, flapping at arms, walking on tiptoe, rocking, tantrums, strange postures, unpredictable behavior and hyperactivity •Poor Judgment *EXAMPLE; Autistic child could run into a busy street without any sign of fear.
  6. 6. TREATMENT •Prompting to perform specific behaviors •Immediate praise and rewards for good behavior •Gradual increase of complexity •Clearly given instructions to the child
  8. 8. THE END 