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The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein

Here is a draft essay on Billy Wilder applying formalist film theory: Billy Wilder as an Auteur: Formal Elements in Sunset Boulevard, Some Like It Hot, and The Apartment Billy Wilder is widely considered one of the greatest American film directors of all time. Through his unique directorial style and focus on character-driven narratives, Wilder established himself as an auteur, or an author of his films. By examining key formal elements in three of Wilder's most acclaimed films - Sunset Boulevard (1950), Some Like It Hot (1959), and The Apartment (1960) - one can see recurring themes, techniques, and ideologies that demonstrate Wilder's authorship. One of Wilder

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The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein
As important and necessary literature is for many things, such as introducing and connecting broad
thoughts, ideas, and topics to people, not all literature is suited for the masses. Most literature
contains hard to grasp concepts with underlying themes and ideas. Introduce formalism, the
formalist literary criticism acts as a way to simplify and convey the complex topics that are not
explained thoroughly in most literature. The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells, and The Giving Tree by
Shell Silverstein are two works of literature that convey important ideas that literature does, without
the complex layers most literature has. The Formalist or "New" literary criticism is reflected in both
of these books through their style, tone, and structure. The style in both novels is simple first–person
and third person point of view. Though it may seem trivial, the point of view helps the author
effectively convey the message of their story without hidden messages, plots, and themes to
decipher. In The Invisible Man, Wells had to imagine how one might feel with no physical
appearance, full of shame for his experiments gone awry, and longing to regain what he had and
who he once was and put those thoughts and feelings into words. Shell Silverstein uses dialogue
between a boy and a tree to teach, and convey ideas of unconditional love, and selflessness in The
Giving Tree. "Distinguishing between kinds of writing not according to their different forms but
according to their unequal
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein
English Case Law on Piercing the Corporate Veil
Piercing the corporate veil is a term that is commonly used in corporate law to refer to cases in
which the limited liability of the Corporation becomes unlimited to be able to impose certain
responsibilities either to the particular Corporation or to the shareholders of a corporation. The idea
of piercing the corporate veil has been the answer to social problems that come form the principle
that corporations have limited liability. When studying limited liability in the United Kingdom it can
be found that the topic is regulated by case law. According to what the court has said there are two
main events in which the veil can be pierced. This is either when the corporation is created to evade
existing obligations, or when a single economic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In respect to what has just been explained there appears to be a sense between the courts concepts.
They started with a simple concept of the previous existing obligations and evolved through the
cases to the concept of the façade. The problem of this way in which the court has evolved, is that
the concept of the façade is not clear enough. Even though it has been developed in some cases, a
clear concept or definition of what the court means by façade has not been made. The definitions
that have been made are pure inductions that the academics like Kershaw make of the cases.
The other main event in which the court gives place to lift the corporate veil is in the case of the
existence of a single economic unit. This means that a group of two or more corporations (being one
the parent one) work as a single one, even though they are different companies a separate business
operation does not exist. The most important cases that are taken into account when referring to this
circumstance are DHN Food Distributors v Tower Hamlets LBC (1976) (case 1), Woolfson v
Strathclyde Regional Council (1978) (case 2) and Adams v Cape Industries Plc (1990) (case 3). In
both, case 1 and 2 the court in accordance to the facts decides that the veil should be lifted, but it
does it for different reasons. In case 1 the judges decide to lift the veil because of the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein
Orson And Citizen Kane, Touch Of Evil, And Othello, Make...
Elie Rahbani
201300566
History of film paper:
Topic:
Orson welles
Question:
How do the formalistic and ideological patterns found in Orson Welles's movies; Citizen Kane,
Touch of Evil, and Othello, make him a great auteur?
Outline:
1. Orson Welles (Biography and 3 films)
2. Formalistic patterns:
➢ Mise en Scene in each film
➢ Editing in each film
3. Ideological patterns (in each film)
4. Orson Welles as an Auteur
1. Orson Welles:
Biography:
Orson Welles was born on the 6th of May in 1915 and died in 1985, on the 10th of October. He used
to play magic, paint, and play the piano as a child, a later on he found himself directing, producing,
writing and acting. Orson Welles performed in Romeo and Juliet, and started a radio career at the
same time in 1934.
He created the Mercury theatre, which was a success back then, but ended it due to financial
problems and settled down on filmmaking. After these many activities, he filmed the famous Citizen
Kane in 1939 but released in 1941. Then the movie's audience rated it as one of best films ever
made.
Orson's defense about his movies was that they were specially affected by his life experiences that
got him to a point of self–destruction. Many of his next films weren't that successful but in spite of
that, his reputation as a filmmaker has highly climbed ever since.
3 Films:
a) Citizen Kane:
Charles Foster Kane is one of the wealthiest and dominant men in the US dies so a newspaperman
decides to work in his death
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein

  • 1. The Invisible Man And The Giving Tree By Shell Silverstein As important and necessary literature is for many things, such as introducing and connecting broad thoughts, ideas, and topics to people, not all literature is suited for the masses. Most literature contains hard to grasp concepts with underlying themes and ideas. Introduce formalism, the formalist literary criticism acts as a way to simplify and convey the complex topics that are not explained thoroughly in most literature. The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells, and The Giving Tree by Shell Silverstein are two works of literature that convey important ideas that literature does, without the complex layers most literature has. The Formalist or "New" literary criticism is reflected in both of these books through their style, tone, and structure. The style in both novels is simple first–person and third person point of view. Though it may seem trivial, the point of view helps the author effectively convey the message of their story without hidden messages, plots, and themes to decipher. In The Invisible Man, Wells had to imagine how one might feel with no physical appearance, full of shame for his experiments gone awry, and longing to regain what he had and who he once was and put those thoughts and feelings into words. Shell Silverstein uses dialogue between a boy and a tree to teach, and convey ideas of unconditional love, and selflessness in The Giving Tree. "Distinguishing between kinds of writing not according to their different forms but according to their unequal ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. English Case Law on Piercing the Corporate Veil Piercing the corporate veil is a term that is commonly used in corporate law to refer to cases in which the limited liability of the Corporation becomes unlimited to be able to impose certain responsibilities either to the particular Corporation or to the shareholders of a corporation. The idea of piercing the corporate veil has been the answer to social problems that come form the principle that corporations have limited liability. When studying limited liability in the United Kingdom it can be found that the topic is regulated by case law. According to what the court has said there are two main events in which the veil can be pierced. This is either when the corporation is created to evade existing obligations, or when a single economic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In respect to what has just been explained there appears to be a sense between the courts concepts. They started with a simple concept of the previous existing obligations and evolved through the cases to the concept of the façade. The problem of this way in which the court has evolved, is that the concept of the façade is not clear enough. Even though it has been developed in some cases, a clear concept or definition of what the court means by façade has not been made. The definitions that have been made are pure inductions that the academics like Kershaw make of the cases. The other main event in which the court gives place to lift the corporate veil is in the case of the existence of a single economic unit. This means that a group of two or more corporations (being one the parent one) work as a single one, even though they are different companies a separate business operation does not exist. The most important cases that are taken into account when referring to this circumstance are DHN Food Distributors v Tower Hamlets LBC (1976) (case 1), Woolfson v Strathclyde Regional Council (1978) (case 2) and Adams v Cape Industries Plc (1990) (case 3). In both, case 1 and 2 the court in accordance to the facts decides that the veil should be lifted, but it does it for different reasons. In case 1 the judges decide to lift the veil because of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. Orson And Citizen Kane, Touch Of Evil, And Othello, Make... Elie Rahbani 201300566 History of film paper: Topic: Orson welles Question: How do the formalistic and ideological patterns found in Orson Welles's movies; Citizen Kane, Touch of Evil, and Othello, make him a great auteur? Outline: 1. Orson Welles (Biography and 3 films) 2. Formalistic patterns: ➢ Mise en Scene in each film ➢ Editing in each film 3. Ideological patterns (in each film) 4. Orson Welles as an Auteur 1. Orson Welles: Biography: Orson Welles was born on the 6th of May in 1915 and died in 1985, on the 10th of October. He used to play magic, paint, and play the piano as a child, a later on he found himself directing, producing, writing and acting. Orson Welles performed in Romeo and Juliet, and started a radio career at the same time in 1934. He created the Mercury theatre, which was a success back then, but ended it due to financial problems and settled down on filmmaking. After these many activities, he filmed the famous Citizen Kane in 1939 but released in 1941. Then the movie's audience rated it as one of best films ever
  • 6. made. Orson's defense about his movies was that they were specially affected by his life experiences that got him to a point of self–destruction. Many of his next films weren't that successful but in spite of that, his reputation as a filmmaker has highly climbed ever since. 3 Films: a) Citizen Kane: Charles Foster Kane is one of the wealthiest and dominant men in the US dies so a newspaperman decides to work in his death ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. Essences Of The Groundwork This problem became the one of essences of the Groundwork,As Thomas hills argues that Kant's aims in the groundwork are not primarily to illustrate how to apply his formulas to particular problems, but to the basic presuppositions of practical reason, or to transform his research weight from first critique to second critique. Since the question on emptiness charge must be taken on more practical responses, it seems to me Kant has undoubtedly realized this and attempted to mingle the theoretical and practical issues in Groundwork. For example in order to disentangle practical and transcendental freedom, Kant introduces another doctrine in the third section of Groundwork. This doctrine is essentially the same as one finds in the First Critique: ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Perhaps such absence is for some purpose. Considering that Kant's initial concern is to clarify the problems of freedom rather than the particularities of the moral law, perhaps, given the synthesis of the three formulations in the second section of the Groundwork, Kant might consider it unnecessary to modify CI yet again. By the time of the Second Critique, he engages in a rather careful explication of the moral law in which he does not offer a clear definition of the moral law, since it appears that providing the theoretical ground for the moral law is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. Kate Chopin's Desiree's Baby The Formalistic Approach to Desiree's Baby Kate Chopin's narrative of "Desiree's Daughter" created a sense of ambiguity among the reader until the last few sentences of the story. However, the Formalistic Approach to Literature helps one to review the texts and notice countless relationships between the detailed components and conclusion of the story. These elements draw clues and foreshadow the events that happen throughout the duration and climax of the narrative. Close reading will help one to depict the devices used to help carry the audience through the plot and suggest the resolution. Some of the most prominent devices used by Chopin are word choice, reference, and repetition. Each of these ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... That sudden change from the repetition of soft subtle colors to a term that in its context has a more bold sound triggers the listener's ears. That phrase stands out and resounds in the reader's subconscious throughout the entire plot. When Madame Valmonde reached L'Abri, she shuddred at the sight of the child "as she always did." Foreshadow that the child had the most significance in the story was evident through this as well as the title. Furthermore, not only was Madame Valmonde puzzled by the sight of the child, so was nurse Zandrine as she turned her face to gaze across the fields to avoid the responsive look toward her on Madame Valmonde's face after she
  • 11. scanned the baby. The story emphasizes the fright, sadness, and bafflement among the women concerning the child. Madame Valmonde insists that "this is not the baby" and after Desiree's explanation admits that it indeed "has changed." Regardless, Desiree is so overjoyed with the happiness of her husband and how he's changed positively because of his new son that she for some dissonant reason feels fearful just as well. Within a few paragraphs, Chopin expressed tension and awe that hinted toward how the baby would serve in the story. One of allusions in "Desiree's Baby" was the idea of abandonment. Not only ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Max Weber 's Theory Of Bureaucracy Essay The word bureaucracy derived from "bureau" and "cracy". The word "bureau" means office or desk and "cracy"means power or rule. Thus bureaucracy means desk government. Bureaucracy is ahierarchical organization which follows strict rules and regulations in achieving desired goals and which has tendency to gain supremacy over other organizations. Famous German sociologist theorized ideal– type of bureaucracy. Max Weber thought bureaucracy is the highest efficient organization which falls under legal rational authority. Soon after the theory came out, like other theory, ideal–type bureaucracy theory encountered severe criticisms.Alvin Gouldner, Robert Merton, Phillip Selznick, Peter Blau are some of them who criticized the ideal–type of bureaucracy. With the creation of new states and the intervention of government in everyday life of citizens necessitated the need for ideal–type of bureaucracy. Everywhere whether in developed or developing nations, bureaucratic structure is a common phenomenon. The environment and the state of affairs in which Max Weber developed the theory of bureaucracy were different from the present welfare states. Modern states are complex and difficult to maintain thus the validity of bureaucracy is questioned in the face of these challenges. The Development of a country to a large extent depends on how the bureaucracy of that country functions. As bureaucracy gives input in policy making, implements those and evaluate outcome of an implemented policy, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. Essay about Ambiguity in Young Goodman Brown "Had Goodman Brown fallen asleep in the forest and only dreamed a wild dream of a witch– meeting? (387)" The story "Young Goodman Brown" is portrayed as a straight forward tale of a man on a venture. It is not overly difficult to comprehend or interpret, however it does have several great ambiguities. As Hawthorne's tale has a great deal of symbolism, it is all in retrospect to the ambiguous entities within the tale. The formalistic approach will be used to analyze the ambiguities in the story, mainly focusing upon the use of dark and light contrasts. The questions of why did Goodman Brown leave his wife Faith and venture into the forest and was his journey into the forest a reality or a dream bring a grand weight of ambiguity upon the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... " This could be his way of proving himself worthy in some way due to the fact that he say that neither his father nor his grandfather had completed his task at hand. The second idea is in the reasoning that Hawthorne had simply utilized it as the setting and forged the story around the forest and its characterized darkness and evil notions compared to that of the town which is light and absent of evil until Goodman Brown returns. This is a definite formalistic observation in the contrast of forest and the town. The forest is used as a setting which Hawthorne utilizes to expose the faults in all of mankind, including the self professed religious. No matter which way you believe, Hawthorne has successfully left the issue as a mystery and an undeclared element of the narrative. Then comes the second impending question of whether or not the story even happened; whether or not the tale was a dream, or an actual occurrence in the life of Goodman Brown. Entering the text, there is no conclusive evidence of a dream state. It states, "Young Goodman Brown came forth at sunset, into the street at Salem village. (375)" Simply speaking, Goodman Brown sets forth upon a journey complete with a clearly stated beginning and an end. However, the middle is left for one to question. Once in the forest, the story begins to offer characteristics that would not relate to a truthful tale in the conscious state by Goodman Brown. This mostly due to Goodman Brown encountering ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Formalistic Approach to Ozymandius Essay Formalistic Approach to Ozymandius While analyzing a poem, a reader notices many things, things like rhyme scheme, word choice, different levels of a poem, and sentence structure. Each one of these things is an ingredient for the four main components of the formalistic approach to poetry. In the poem "Ozymandius" by P.B. Shelley, structure, style, form, and imagery, allow the reader to look deeper into the poem. First the reader must look at the structure of the poem. However, the structure of Ozymandius is difficult to understand. With no set pattern or rhyme scheme, one must truly study the poem to notice particular things that stick out. At first, one notices the randomness of the rhyme scheme, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After reading the description, the reader finally arrives at the third and final level of the poem, Ozymandius himself. At this level, the reader actually feels the presence of Ozymandius. After hearing direct words from Ozymandius, the reader has now experienced all three levels of the poem. The second component of formalistically analysis of this poem is looking at style. The most obvious stylistic component of the poem is that it serves as a narrative poem. It tells a story using a hermeneutic circle. In its first level, the traveler tells about a sculptor and his statue. In the second level, the sculptor describes both the rule of Ozymandius and his personal feelings about it; and in the third level, Ozymandius explains to the people around him how great and powerful he sees himself. Thus, throughout all three of the levels in the poem the reader discovers a new story, which affects the other stories A second item the reader looks at is sentence structure. In "Ozymandius," three complex sentences stretch throughout all fourteen lines. Though each sentence is complex, the second sentence contains most of the information because it continues for nine lines. Within this sentence, one can see the only example of alliteration in the poem: "cold command," and this example helps stress the importance of the sculptor's statue. Making up the
  • 18. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Amelie: Interesting Premise and Beautiful Cinematography... For our second assignment, we are assigned to watch one international film and study it thereafter. We are to identify its genre and its particular conventions such as themes, sub–themes and etc. However, the main idea of this assignment is the film theory. We are to apply one of the nine film theories into our film choices and analyze it thoroughly in terms of mise–en scene, narrative structure, character interaction and any other criteria. For our film selection, we have gone through and watched a few international films which included Chinese films, Bollywood films and a few French films. After a brief discussion we have unanimously chosen a French film entitled "Amelie" which was released in 2001 and directed by Jean–Pierre Jeunet and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Synopsis Amélie is mainly centered on the lead/title character Amélie Poulain. She is an imaginative girl who had a very lonely childhood which explains her isolation from society once she grew up. Her father Raphael Poulain who is a former doctor of the army, mistakenly believed that she was suffering from a heart condition when she was a child and due to this, she was deemed unfit for school and thus was home–schooled by her mother. Amelie's mother, Amandine Poulain is a school headmistress. Unfortunately, when Amelie was young, her mother died in a bizarre accident with her daughter by her side. This causes Raphael to be permanently depressed and he kept to himself most of the time. Due to this, Amelie didn't receive much attention from her father growing up. When she grows up, she becomes a waitress in a small café run by a former circus performer. After helping a man rediscover his childhood Amelie decides to spend her life helping others. After a few encounters and helping several eccentric characters, Amélie becomes attracted to a man she meets named "Nino" who has an unusually hobby of collecting discarded photos. However, due to her solitary ways, she is unable to approach him. In the end, Amelie schemes an elaborate romantic gesture for Nino and they begin their relationship at the end of the movie. Genre Conventions This particular film is a rendition of multiple of genres with the most obvious being Romance, Fantasy and Comedy. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. Billy Wilder Essay 4/13/12 Paper #3: "Library Research" "Billy Wilder" Billy Wilder's work today remains masterful and memorable. From his skilled screenwriting to his directing, Wilder holds a key position in cinema history. Wilder's stylistic and thematic elements are recognizable and give off a complex reflection of his American and European cultural influences. I think that Billy Wilder should be considered an "auteur" even if he is not already considered one, for his personal film style and the mere fact that his cynical vision allowed him to create many admirable films across a number of genre boundaries throughout his career. However, film critics tend to disagree and believe that Wilder was too cynical, while also complaining about the lack of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Sarris also argues that an "auteur" is a director whose films are formalistic. I think auteurism has less to do with form and is further based off of a director's symbolic narrative structure. Wilder uses a lot of symbolic narrative structure in his films and they played a huge role in American pop culture. This is what Noël Carroll, Professor of the Philosophy of Art at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, had to say about Sarris's formalistic theory on auteurism, "In film studies, the examination of the style or form of the individual film is usually subordinated to frameworks that conceptualize the style or form of the individual film as exemplary of something else, usually the personal style of a director, or a period style, or the style of an influential movement or school." (Carroll, pg. 1). Billy Wilder's film not only combine social realism, crime, moral degeneracy and humor; but they represent cultural, political and personal identity through the characters and narratives he constructs. Wilder directed a number of genre films ranging from comedy, film noir, romance, drama, adventure and even fantasy. These different genre aspects of narrative and character are essential to analyzing or critiquing Wilder's body of work and his significance as an "auteur." According to Noël Simsolo, a famous French author, Wilder's thematic approach "looks at the world with a cynical eye, but... knows how to make people laugh. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24. Oliver Wendell Holmes Coming Clean About Brown Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. once stated, "The life of the law has not been logic; it has been experience" (Holmes). In making this comment, Mr. Holmes an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court believed that logic should not be the only particular way of understanding a system of rules, but by the influence of one's knowledge and legal skepticism toward the law. Similarly, proponent's of legal realism, which is a naturalistic approach to law that focuses on predicting what judges actually do in deciding cases felt the same way as Oliver. On the other hand, supporters of formalism insisted that the law and legal reasoning should determine all adjudications based on objective facts, unambiguous rules, and logic. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The consequence for using a formalistic jurisprudence approach was being labeled as a racist if one argued against Brown v. Board of education. Many historians and legal scholars have come to a consensus that Brown was Constitutionally indefensible and legally unsound to decide the way the Supreme Court did. Therefore, in Morgan's view, "...to criticize Brown is to risk being called a racist. Suddenly the issue is not one of intellectual disputation but of social respectability" (Morgan). In other words, Morgan believed opponents of Brown that condemned the illegitimate outcome of the case feared being labeled as a racist, even though they agreed with the outcome morally. For example, President Donald Trump wants to deport every illegal alien in the United States because they are here illegally breaking the law, which does not make him a racist. Consequently, what makes President Donald Trump a racist are the undeniable racist comments he has made in the past. As a result, although the outcome of the case was morally right people of good will had no choice but to adopt the courts decision or be labeled as a racist. In sum, most people agree that Brown was a great act of statesmanship, but arguing against the constitutional judging could lead them defending their personal ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. The Employment Status Of Workers Essay INTRODUCTION It is certainly true that the current law defining the employment status of 'workers' is uncertain, as it is wholly inflexible to deal effectively with cases of non–standard forms of employment, atypical workers, for example: agency workers, part–time workers, fixed–term workers, as required workers and homeworkers. Thus, reform is necessary to redress the concerns of lack of legal certainty in relation to this area of the law. This essay will argue that the concept of 'worker' defined under section 230 of the Employment Rights Act ("ERA") 1996 is board; however, due to the undefined scope of section 230(3) of ERA 1996, employment tribunals and the courts have adapted a rigid approach in their interpretation; that there is a 'high degree of legal uncertainty' as established in this area of law; that the law does not adequately deal with non–standard forms of 'workers'; present proposals for reform by the UK Parliament on the interpretation and application of law at common; and finally provide a conclusion for the arguments put forth. THE CURRENT STATE OF THE LAW Firstly, employment tribunals and the courts have interpreted the concept of 'workers' too narrowly, by limiting the common law interpretation of 'workers' under section 230(3) of the ERA 1996 and rights conferred on workers. Under section 230(3) ERA 1996, 'worker' is defined as "an individual who has entered into work: under a contract of employment, or any other contract express or implied... to do ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. Film Analysis Of Vincent Gallo's 'Buffalo 66' "All my life I've been a lonely boy." Vincent Gallo's Buffalo 66 is a peculiar, surreal film to analyze. As a semi–autobiographical work, Buffalo 66 greatly exaggerates the events in the film and makes the viewers suspend disbelief on more than one occasion. Yet despite this, the main focus of this film is a broken Billy Brown's emotionally raw journey seeking revenge but instead finding unconditional love through Layla in the end, and the formalist film techniques used here enhance this. Through the deliberate use of photography, staging, and movement, Buffalo 66 works as a formalistic classicism film, a predominantly classicism film with strong elements of formalism, on the style continuum. Gallo's use of cinematography, even though his ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The camerawork emphasizes the sense of detachment between the characters, and Billy's inability with connecting with others. In addition, the film has a contrasty, bleak look to it, like a faded photograph. Gallo shot the movie on reversal film stock to capture that contrast and grain, in attempt to reproduce the same look of football games from the late 1960's and early 1970's. Buffalo 66's staging conveys many themes. One memorable use of staging is the dinner table scene with Billy, Layla, and Billy's mother and father. To exaggerate the emotional emptiness of the scene, the scene is framed in a medium long shot; however, the viewers see only three sides of the dinner table at any given moment, like a stage. The characters in the scene range from a personal to social distance. A most prominent detail in this scene, aside from the empty space, is the Buffalo memorabilia present in both the background and foreground. All conversations are either three way or two way, with one person constantly disappearing. The viewer has no way to identify with any particular character; thus, the viewers feel alienated from the dysfunctional family much like how Billy feels with his parents. As mentioned previously in the car scene, Billy is a character who has difficulty connecting with others. Towards the end of the second act of the film, there is a scene when Billy and Layla lie on a motel bed, attempting to be more intimate with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. Essay on A Philosophical Examination of Language A Philosophical Examination of Language "Philosophy is language idling." –Ludwig Wittgenstein Language and philosophy have an intimate connection to one another; without a philosophical examination of the meanings and structure of language, we cannot easily ascertain the objective truth of the statements we make, nor can we usefully discuss abstract concepts. The philosophy of language seeks to understand the concepts expressed by language and to find a system by which it can effectively and accurately do so. This is more difficult than it appears at first; philosophers are looking for a theory of language which avoids the minute errors of meaning and usage which occur in all discussions of abstract concepts and which tend to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Ordinary language theory, on the other hand, suggested that these philosophical problems appear when language is used improperly; the language itself is perfectly acceptable and can be easily applied to the discussion of abstract and philosophical concepts without undue modifications, as long as it is used and interpreted properly (Katz 69). Each of the! ! se movements in linguistic philosophy had its strengths and weaknesses, and its supporters and detractors. LOGICAL EMPIRICISM Pure metaphysical speculation which is not based on fact is, to the empiricists, neither relevant nor useful. The only truth, in this philosophy, is that which is mathematically provable or experimentally observable (Katz 18–19). This truth can be divided into two categories: analytic truths are based on inherent meanings and can be observed through the application of reason, if not experiment; synthetic truths are those facts which are obtained from the experience of reality (Quine, in Rosenberg & Travis, 63). How does this apply to linguistic philosophy? Any system of communication must, in order to be meaningful, include some way to represent the truth accurately; any empiricist will tell you that this truth is only valuable and meaningful if it can be considered absolute and provable. In order to be perfectly accurate in representing the truth, language must conform to a certain set of specifications designed to prevent it from ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. Essay on A Brief Overview of Walter Mitty A Brief Overview of Walter Mitty In the short story, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty by James Thurber, many interesting fantasies occur in a way which brings the reader into a different world. The story switches back and forth from delusion to reality, dragging the reader into a life, perhaps similar to their own. In the beginning of this story, the first paragraph is a fantasy of the main character, Walter Mitty. It describes his life as a commander of an aircraft. An intense scene is displayed showing what Walter Mitty wishes would be reality. It is not until the next paragraph that one discovers this reality. His wife then interrupts the scene, bringing Walter Mitty back into his everyday life, one which is far less exciting to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The formalistic approach for analyzing this would be most appropriate in order to pick out the elements such as setting, irony, imagery and metaphorical factors. These are organized in such a way that the formatting consumes the story. In this tale, the first important element would be the introduction of the setting. Throughout the story, the author writes across multiple settings because of these flashbacks that he displays. The first setting would be on an airplane with two introductory characters; 'The Commander' and 'Lieutenant Berg'. This beginning setting is seen as a guessing game to begin with as the dialogue becomes the most prominent use in this introduction. Once the setting is described more clearly as the paragraph moves forward, the reader will grasp an understanding of where these two characters are. However, soon after the reader's mind may be clarified, the scene is interrupted with the dialogue of a new character, Mrs. Mitty. " 'Not so fast! You're driving too fast!' Said Mrs. Mitty. 'What are you driving so fast for?'" (Thurber 1). This is the first example one has of the basic structure that this story will set forth. The organization of this story goes from what was described in the introductory paragraph as a flashback, to the interrupting dialogue of Mrs. Mitty. As she yells, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. Film Study: the Shining Film is an important part of culture, because it combines aspects such as song, story–telling, art and expression. The scenes of a film come together to create harmony and to express an idea. The Shining is a film that expressed Stephen King's novel in a cinematic way. In every scene from this film there are indications of formalist techniques, when viewed all together as a movie, the idea of this movie being formalist is ensured. The movement of the camera when we follow Danny down the hallways, the creepy soundtrack and the editing when Danny sees the two girls; every one of these make up a formalist film. Formalism in film is described as manipulating techniques and making the manipulations evident to its audience. In formalist ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This film used more classical instruments, and you can notice the difference between the classical film and the formalist one. Though, if the director decided not to play music during this scene, we might not have felt the same amount of sadness, and this would have been more formalist. Music affects us incredibly, and the absence of music does too, so it is vital for the director to choose the film's music according to what emotion they are trying to achieve. In The Shining, it is always the feeling of suspense, and the bone chilling sounds of what might be a waterphone creates this feeling in an eerie formalist way. As you can see by the previous paragraph, the movie is not done once the filming is done; there are many things to be added such as the music. Another essential part of making the film a success is its editing. In The Shining, Danny finds two girls in the hallway and he sees what massacre they have been through and this scene is heavily edited with different shots. During this two minute scene, there are 19 shots. Classical films don't cut to different shots this often, because it is sometimes irritating to the audience. Although, Formalist directors do what they think will work best for the film, and not the audience. If they don't understand the cinematic techniques, the director won't change their ideas to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. Federal Insecticides, Fungicides, And Rodenticide Act Essay Procedural History: Under the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Federal Insecticides, Fungicides, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), manufacturers were required to register their pesticides. EPA had a "me–too" process that allowed for the pesticide equivalent of generic drugs. Monsanto Corporation sued because EPA was making them publicize trade secrets, which they claimed was a taking. Congress reiterated in Section 3(c)(1)(D)(ii) of FIFRA that EPA should make administrative decisions about how much money these manufacturers would get for damages from loss of their trade secrets. Union Carbide sued because they felt that the decisions should be made by the judicial court, not an administrative agency. The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York held that the claims challenging the arbitration provisions were ripe for decision and that those provisions violated Article III. Standing was approved for all appellants, who took a direct appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court. Facts: Section 3(c)(1)(D)(ii) of FIFRA authorizes EPA to consider certain previously submitted data only if the "follow–on" and registrant has offered to compensate the original registrant for use of the data. The legislation provides for binding arbitration. However, if the registrants fail to agree on compensation, the arbitrator 's decision is subject to judicial review only for "fraud, misrepresentation, or other misconduct." The manufacturing firms engaged in the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. The Continuity Editing Kathryn Bigelow's Point Break unconsciously makes the audience go along with the plotline of the movie and root for the good guys to win. The frontal aspects in this movie add to the adrenaline rushes that come with all the action scenes in the film. Everything from the editing to the sounds helps the fast paced plotline of Point Break move along. The continuity editing Kathryn Bigelow's Point Break shaped film history for women. She became the first woman to win an academy award for her action movie the Hurt Locker in 2009. Her style is action based. Depending on when the movies where produced there were some inclusions of levity in the mix of action scenes. Being female in the movie business is tough. Bigelow states, " if there is a specific reason to women making movies, I just choose to ignore that as an obstacle for two reasons: I can't change my gender, and I refuse to stop making movies." (Bigelow,2) ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At the time of filming Point Break she was married to James Cameron who went on the produce big budget movies such as Avatar. Kathryn Bigelow is what many people would consider a feminist in Hollywood Cinema. Her films convey a certain adrenaline junkie vibe, which is actually referenced in Point Break, that is present in the intense action scenes that each character's perform. Movie experts state " People find events to classify an action movie by identifying the peaks in sound energy and test corresponding frames for the occurrence of an explosion." (Rasheed, Shah, 2) Action movies tend to not have any other distinguishing features other than explosions. In horror movies we see people die however in more recent cinema we see every detail of a person in the process of being killed. In early action movies the focus was more on the storyline than on the fight scenes. In todays cinema the end goal here is if someone can produce a good fight scene whether it was on the computer or physically on ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40. Gender Roles And How They Were Portrayed By Lorraine... "You just wish sometimes that people would treat you like a human being rather than seeing your gender first and who you are second."(O'Grady) Frances O'Gradys quote ties into the drama written by Lorraine Hansberry A Raisin In the Sun because throughout the entire movie there was many things said and some actions that showed gender defined who they were. The topic being discussed is gender roles and how they were portrayed in the movie. There will be a formalistic summary and the topic that will be discussed is gender roles through out the drama A Raisin In the Sun and how each character portrayed it. The setting of A Raisin In the Sun is the Chicago slums in the 1950's. The point of view of the drama is dramatic point of view. The main family is the Youngers, in this family the main protagonists are Mama, Ruth, Beneatha, and Travis. In the beginning the protagonists Ruth and Walter are having some marital problems. They were fighting because Walter was a money hungry man who was stuck being a chauffeur. Later in the plot when Mama comes into the plot she nags about how Ruth is not raising Travis the right way and how Beneatha, the sister, dresses and how Walter acts. Later on when Mama gets her insurance check for her late husband 's life insurance it causes a lot of problems and bumps in the plot. Beneatha wants to use the money for medical school, but Walter wants it for a liquor store. The climax of the story is after Mama gives Walter the money and tells him ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42. Federico Barocci Baroque, a very literal translation of the word "irregular" was the biggest fad in 17th century Europe. It's an artist style thats wild and colorful. "Baroque approach was likely to exhibit some combination of power, massiveness, or dramatic intensity, embellished with pageantry, color, and theatrical adventure. Without the restraints of the High Renaissance or the subjectiveness of Manneristic painting" (Authors). This art style was a reaction to mannerism, a bold art style that lacked a story and was considered formalistic. The first baroque artist was not Michelangelo Merisi, it was a lesser known artist named Federico Barocci (Pioch). Federico Barocci, was one of the leading mannerist painters in italy, but most of his works were actually in between. "His use of dramatic lighting, his directness and freshness made his work a precursor to the baroque style" says Nicolas Pioch author of the Webmuseum article Federico Barocci (Pioch). ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... His biggest influencer in style was an italian mannerist painter, Correggio who under–emphasized outlines of most of the objects in his artwork. His first baroque–esque work was a ceiling fresco Pope Pius IV's casino in the Vatican Gardens. He was praised for his use of Correggio's sfumato effect, which would make an objects outlines appear to dissolve in a mist (Pioch). That ceiling fresco was a completely original piece of work using techniques he learned from Battista, Correggio, and a famous artist Raphael; this was the start of baroque ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44. Why Is It Important To Guarantee Substantive Representation? Political representation is an integral part of modern liberal democracies, since they are based on equal elections of officials nominally speaking for their constituents. Although, political representation is so significant and I am, as a citizen of Germany, constantly affected by it, I never gave much thought to its definition, implications, types, and challenges. This changed after the readings on political representation setting on 20th October 15, in which we approached the concept. There are four types of political representation, as introduced by Hanna Pitkin: formalistic representation, symbolic representation, descriptive representation, and substantive representation (Pitkin 1967 as cited in Dovi 2011). In this entry I will only ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Yet, I would argue that descriptive representation could still be important for substantive representation. As stated by Jane Mansbridge (1999, 628 as cited in Dovi 2011) the demand for descriptive representation is dependent on its functions. For instance, it may help disadvantaged groups to regain 'the ability to rule' (199,628 as cited in Dovi 2011) and trust in more advantaged citizens . If constituent and representative share the same history of marginalisation, gender, or ethnicity, the representative may understand the wishes and obstacles of his group better and substantively represent them more effectively. Through the readings and the discussions I learned to see political representation as a fluid and flexible concept, which is contingent on its political reality and the interest of its actors. There is never one concept but many with different foci, aspects, and interrelations. Especially, the relation of descriptive and substantive representation seems to be much discussed in political theory. I hope for the rest of this course that I will learn more about the key concepts of political theory, particularly, about their application and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46. Shawshank Redemption Themes Frank Darabont directed The Shawshank Redemption and wrote the screenplay based on the novel Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption by author Stephen King. The movie was made in 1994 and produced by Niki Marvin. The movie stars Morgan Freeman and Tim Robbins as two convicts serving time in a New England prison named Shawshank. Tim Robbins plays a man named Andy Dufresne, a banker, who gets convicted of murdering his wife and her lover and is sent to prison in Shawshank. Andy eventually becomes good friends with a fellow convict by the name of Ellis Boyd Redding(Morgan Freeman) who is able to get anything for anyone within reason. The story follows the prison life of Andy Dufresne and his eventual escape from Shawshank's walls. The elements ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The climax within this movie is disguised until the last scenes, constantly building suspense for the viewer and drawing the viewer in. Narrated by the prisoner, Red, played by Morgan Freeman, the film expounded upon characters from a unique point of view. By having Red narrate, the audience quickly identifies with the prisoners, there are certain common traits that the characters and audience share that produce sympathy for the incarcerated criminals. Overall, Darabont uses affective methods of filming, causing the audience to feel Andy Dufresne desperation, sense of hopelessness, and finally his exaltation after escaping from prison. The Shawshank Redemption is an excellent depiction of a prisoner's sense of despondency and extreme determination to overcome any given situation. Each aspect of this film was essential for the outcome, and the reason for its success. The outstanding directing style, admirable cinematography, and gripping screenplay, were all principal factors in this films successfulness and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48. Pamd501 Paper Classical Organizational Theory deals with the "systematic processes necessary to make bureaucracy more efficient and effective." Name three scholars that are credited with the development of classical organization thought that most correctly fit into this definition of Classical Organizational Theory. What were the basic arguments articulated by each in their contributions to the development of Classical Organizational Theory? Classical organizational theory evolved during the first half of this century. Formal organizational study spans the fields of business administration, economics, political science, statistics, sociology, psychology, and public administration. It represents the merger of scientific management, bureaucratic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The most prominent model of bureaucracy was formulated by German Sociologist Max Weber during the nineteenth century. Webster's model was formulated from the rampant patronage systems that existed during his time. Webster's model proposed a solution for more professionally and efficiently managed merit–based organizations.Webster's model however, represented a broad framework rather than an all encompassing model, complete in every detail.The central goal of Webster's model was to make possible an optimum degree of control.Weber's bureaucratic theory emphasized the need for a hierarchical structure of power. It recognized the importance of division of labor and specialization. A formal set of rules was bound into the hierarchy structure to insure stability and uniformity. Weber also put forth the notion that organizational behavior is a network of human interactions, where all behavior could be understood by looking at cause and effect. He prescribed these five key elements(1) division of labor and functional specialization, (2) hierarchy, (3) maintenance of files and other records, and (4) professionalization. The ultimate in formal theory of organization is control from top levels of management all the way down over all organizational activities and needs. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50. Thomas E. Ricks Use Of Foreshadowing In Making The Corps The non–fiction novel Making the Corps follows sixty–three boys into one of the harshest boot camps in the world, Parris Island, South Carolina; furthermore, it also gives a brief history of the Marines while explaining their role in the United States military. The book was written by "...The Washington Post's senior Pentagon correspondent," as well as a member of two Pulitzer Prize winning teams–for national reporting–Thomas E. Ricks (Ricks cover). Not all of the recruits made it to the end of the eleven week long "living hell;" however, the ones that did successfully earned the title, "marine." Thomas E. Ricks narrates the true stories of the diverse men in platoon 3086 who prevailed the harsh Marine Corps training and moved on to deployment ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Throughout the book, Ricks uses words like "exacerbated" and "decadent" and "recalcitrant" merely because other synonyms do not hold the same connotation that Ricks was portraying to the reader (Ricks 22, 23, 162). As a reporter for The Washington Post, Rick's formality is also directly related to working as a journalist for a high–class newspaper. Ricks compensates by defining some of his language immediately after using it in Making the Corps as to maintain his stylist repetition but also to relate to his audience of varied intelligences. For example Ricks states, "tacit insistence, that it be executed immediately," to define his vocabulary and to make sure the reader understands (Ricks 27). Ricks use of language to create a formalistic diction adds to his telling of the marines' lives at Parris ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52. Reader, Readability And Relativity In The Criticism Of... Reader, Readability, and Relativity in the Criticism of Propp, Barthes, and Fish What exactly constitutes a text? What classifies a text as having canonical quality, what meaning can be derived from that text, and who exactly makes these types of decisions? Welcome to the world of literary criticism, where the approach to the text and the level of reader inclusion varies based upon the school a critic identifies with in his endeavor and/or the individual reader may happen to take most interest in the act of literary analysis. While the Socratic–like formalistic approach of Vladimir Propp, the lavish laymen 's poetic deconstruction of Roland Barthes, and the interpretative communal focus of Stanley Fish maintain both deviations and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, others contend that no "common genetic root exists." Propp argues "We find such an approach acceptable only if based upon the idea of spontaneous generation of species." He adds that "adherents to this method do not compare plots; they feel such comparison to be impossible or, at the very least, erroneous," proposing instead that the similarity of fairy tales "can be compared from the standpoint of their comparison or structure" (785). While the readability of colleagues like T.S. Eliot is often difficult due to the use snobbish "art for art 's sake" diction, syntax, and aim of audience, Propp doesn 't isn 't quite as arrogant in his style. Propp not only makes direct reference to the critic/reader in his opening paragraphs, he also envelopes the audience with his more personable tone and phrasing. "We observe..." he states as he leads into an analysis of the role of actors in folklore, which he claims, "performs essentially the same actions as the tale progresses, no matter how different from one another another in shape, size, sex, and occupation, in nomenclature and other static attributes." Despite some more difficult word choices here, such as "nomenclature" and "static attributes," he maintains fluid readability as he guides the reader much like a teacher. Throughout the piece Propp is more reader inclusive than are some of his peers, so long as the reader has or is willing to obtain the same reasonable level of educated thought ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54. The Museum Of Modern Art Christmas Card While the LOVE sculpture is in fact a sculpture, it actually originated as a print image for the Museum of Modern Art Christmas card in 1964. Shortly after it became a popular postage stamp, while finally becoming a sculpture in 1970. The idea behind this work of art originated when the Museum of Modern Art asked Indiana to design a Christmas card. He reflected upon his nomadic childhood, remembering posters he had frequently seen at a Christian Science churches with the words "God is love (Robert Indiana Works.)" He took this concept of love and stacked the LO on top of the VE in red, green, and blue, and added further interest by tilting the O. While this became a popular icon in the United States and beyond, Indiana refused to copyright his famous image and variations of it. Since this image was being rapidly reproduced by the public, many people incorrectly labeled Indiana as a sell out, even though he made very little money from his famous LOVE sculpture (Wilde.) Robert Indiana, birth name Robert Clark, was born in New Castle, Indiana in 1928. Being praised for his artwork by his elementary school teacher is what motivated him to pursue the career of art, leading him to join the Airforce for three years and after attend the Art Institute of Chicago, the Skowhegan School of Sculpture and Painting in Maine, and the Edinburgh College of Art in Scotland (Biography Robert Indiana.) His art gained popularity upon living in New York and many works of art featured at ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56. The Sixth Seal By Ingmar Bergman And Do The Right Thing... Many filmmakers choose to use both formalistic elements and realistic elements into their film to convey an idea. These two types of film classifications do not impede a director from incorporating both elements into the overarching structure of the film. However, some films such as the widely acclaimed formalistic film, The Seventh Seal, stick extremely well within their film medium. A few films that exemplify tendencies of both formalism and realism are The Seventh Seal directed by Ingmar Bergman, North directed by Northwest by Alfred Hitchcock, and Do the Right Thing directed by Spike Lee. These films all have a similar protagonist who is searching for their identity throughout the film. These films are able to convey through formalistic and realistic cinematic techniques the characters search and understanding of their own life. The first character to look at in his search for his identity or meaning in his life is in the movie The Seventh Seal. Antonius Block is an interesting character within this film as he begins to look for meaning within his life during a game of chess with death. Obviously the scene where death and Block are engaging in banter as they discuss the ways of life is formalistic in almost every aspect. On the abstract level this scene is extremely symbolic as it equates life to a game surrounded by moving pieces. This scene makes sense within the broad work of the film as intertwined in this game of chess are characters navigating their way around ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58. Summary: Analysis Of Student Writing Name: _____Junius Lofton________________________________ Analysis of Student Writing Student name: Michael Y. Grade Level: 7th Writing Genre: Fiction Description of writing project: A graphic organizer used to describe fictional characters of the book Wonder. Category Areas of strength Areas for growth Genre: What does the student understand about writing in this genre? Michael's understanding of this genre is very clear. He wires his statements in complete sentences and with a variety of words. He uses evidence from the text to support his claims. In his areas of growth for the genre, I would like to see more of Michael's thoughts and analysis of the text. While functionally sound, his sample lacks a personal connection to his analysis. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... How do they use language, words and voice to enhance writing? (Provide specific examples) MY uses a strong formalistic structure in his writing. He clearly states his claim as well offering supporting evidence to back his claim. He uses quotes and cites where those quotes can be found. He starts his sample by using a quote from page 164 to back his claim. In crafting a response to his question, MY offered a quote based answer. However, throughout his writing, we never get an understanding of MY feelings or his personal thoughts on the question. In leaving out his ideas, we are left with a piece with minimal voice of the writer. You can see this a he put two quotes from page 154 back to back in this sample. However, there no personal analysis ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60. Similarities Between Jackson Pollock And Wassily Kandinsky The innovative and passionate presence in both Jackson Pollock's and Wassily Kandinsky avant– garde paintings exemplifies the redefinition of boundaries throughout their art making practices. Both artists challenged traditions both materially and conceptually using innovative and diverse approaches to materials and techniques when painting. Wassily Kandinsky goes against traditions and academies to create vivid, sensual and symbolic large–scale semi abstract expressionist oil paintings in a heightened state of mind. Many artworks of his convey bright and cheerful spontaneous colours that make the audience fully consumed within his works due to hypnotic and distorted semi realist shapes. Consequently, Jackson Pollock also goes against ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The engulfing size of the painting (250.5 x 159.5 cm) drives the audiences mind into a hypnotic frenzy as they are overwhelmed by bright and sensual colours, which, have the ability to evoke deep emotions and realisations. Kandinsky has portrayed this through the disorientation of his own personal visions of society during the industrial revolution. The rough yet expressive outline of buildings, a rainbow and the sun gives reference to realism as it allows viewers to connect and understand underlying motifs and shapes yet is painted abstractly to move away from the oppressive and consumerist society. Thus, Kandinsky breaks boundaries through his innovative approach to his art–making practise concluded from his personal belief of 'art for arts sake'. He believed that art should mainly convey the artist's personal views and self–expressionism that translated a constant individuality throughout his work from an inner intentional emotive drive. This broke traditional boundaries as art in the renaissance period was meant to be a 'narration' or an artwork where an audience could learn and benefit from. This is evidently shown in Composition IV as it exemplifies Kandinsky's inner feelings towards the industrialised society ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62. Gyms Formalism This film is closed formed because the movie is formalism. 1) The director makes everything g in the scene. He plans and puts object in the space where the camera is shooting the scene. The director controls what is going to go in the scene and what will not be in the scene. One example is when they are in the streets and they get jumped and it turn out to be Cruz messing around with them. The camera is capturing what the director created to scene to be. 2) The other thing is that the director is trying to send a message. During all of the bad media attention carter goes back to the gym. The camera show a shot of Coach Carter alone in the gym and a song in the background played . You see him put his foot down on the basketball and the shot ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64. Antonin Scalia Beliefs Antonin Scalia served as an Associate Justice from the years 1986 to 2016. In which Scalia was an extremely important player for the conservative party and wrote many well–known, important and wonderfully well worded opinions on many cases the Supreme Court decided during his service as an Associate Justice. Scalia came from a small family in New Jersey with an Italian heritage. Throughout his youth he developed strong conservative views that guided his decisions through life and that ultimately led him to the Supreme Court where he helped shape the legal world with his opinions and dissents. Antonin Scalia was the only child of Salvadore Eugene and Catherine Panaro Scalia, both of whom hailed from Italy. Scalia's conservative views were instilled ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Scalia argues that the Constitution should not be interpreted too strictly or too leniently, but reasonably. Scalia argues that being a textualist is essentially interpreting the Constitution for what it says, not what they think it was trying to say. Scalia believes that interpreting the Constitution for what the framers meant it to say. However, he also believed that being a good textualist required not being too literal. If someone simply takes everything the Constitution says as gospel with no form of interpretation at all then it would constrict progress. The world today is extremely different compared to the world that the framers lived in when they wrote the Constitution. Which is why the sweet spot of textualism has to be found, not too literal and not too lenient either. Scalia also brings forth a counter to the argument against textualism, the one which he claims to be the most mindless, and that is that textualism is formalistic. Scalia says that of course it is formalistic because law revolves around formalism. Formalism is what makes a government a government of laws and not of men, says Scalia. Textualism is what Scalia based his interpretation of the Constitution and statutes on and this is quite evident in many of his famous opinions ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 66. Autonomy's Concept Of Bioethics Bioethics has a key role in a variety of social, political, and scientific activities. It has reshaped the medical field by introducing informed consents from the patient to the doctor. Medicine plays a role in shaping the values of society. Civilizations are organized around ways of transcending pain and suffering and achieving salvation. In our society, medicine is at the core of this vision since it helps to alleviate pain and suffering and brings us close to salvation. Therefore, as medicine changes so do our view on practices and technologies to achieve salvation. Medicine also has social control over mental health, welfare and disability deeming whom can obtain these services. Bioethics helps us to determine what is right and wrong as well as to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Bioethics' disciplinary origins created a selectivity towards very regimented, formalistic, and a universalistic way of approaching bioethical problems. It consists of a series of principles, such as autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. However, the most powerful principle among these is autonomy. Autonomy became the default principle when principles were in conflict. It's this concept of bioethics that is criticized by sociologists. Ethnographers argue that autonomous action is not actually the decision of the individual, but instead the decision of complexly–ordered social relations. Bioethics leaves out all the messy details and attachments that make up and define our lives, all the persistent details, and contradictions, as well as the social, political and economic arrangements that define and limit us. Ethnography locates its analysis on the flow and daily life in institutional contexts. It's able to explore power relations, routines, cultural scripts, and narrative techniques that can all be used to identify and negotiate ethical ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68. Film Analysis: Will Hunting Will Hunting is a janitor at M.I.T. who solves problems other students cannot at work. Will is a genius no doubt about that, but his childhood is filled with darkness making him defensive towards feelings. After being sentenced to jail he has no choice but to work with Professor Lambeau, and attend therapy. Will Hunting will now embark on a journey to find himself and realize what he truly wants in life. This first act begins with Will living in South Boston (a southie) as referred to in the movie. Will is the protagonist in this movie; he works as a janitor at MIT. Lambeau is a math professor whom writes almost impossible problems on a chalkboard in the hallway. Will is able to easily solve the problems and writes the solutions on the board. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... His use of mise en scene is beautiful. Each scene is carefully crafted, even when it appears to be very spontaneous. There are some great examples of good camera work in this movie. One example is the scene when Sean is in his apartment after his first meeting with Will. He is sitting in a dirty apartment with dishes every where, and Sean is sitting at the table, drinking. Van Sant cuts to this gorgeous shot in which he uses a higher angle and places Sean in the right portion of the screen, the weakest, and the glass of whiskey in the left, he then uses the glass of whiskey as the dominant. This shot creates the sense that Sean is an alcoholic, or at least he drinks often enough where it is beginning to control him. It is very obvious in this shot that the whiskey has the power. Another example is the scene with Will and Sean at the pond. Sean has a gorgeous monologue in this scene and through almost the entire thing, the only shot is an eye–level close up on Sean. It stays on him until he begins talking about love, then the camera very slowly, staying at eye–level, pans to include Will in the shot. This effective technique creates the idea that Will is slowly being exposed by Sean's words. Another example with Will and Sean is the scenes in Sean's office. During most of the movie, Van Sant uses eye–level medium two–shots during these scenes. Will and Sean are never in the frame together, until the end, after Will's breakdown, then the mise en scene includes both of then, using a full shot. This clearly identifies the progress of the relationship. It takes Will a long time to trust Sean. Van Sant's manipulation of the shots in these scenes truly creates that sense of coming together. Yet another example of strong camera work is Will's scenes with Skylar in her room. Van Sant's use of close–ups and extreme close–ups gives the viewer a sense of voyeurism, as if we were in the room with them. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70. What Does The Rapunzel Symbolize Religious Symbolism in Grimm's Rapunzel A fairy tale is seemingly a moral fiction, intended mainly for children. A lesson in critical analysis, however, strips this guise and reveals the naked truth beneath; fairy tales are actually vicious, logical and sexual stories wearing a mask of deceptively easy language and an apparent moral. Two 19th Century writers, the Grimm brothers, were masters at writing these exaggerated stories, bewitching young readers with their prose while padding their stories with allusion and reference: an example of which is "Rapunzel." Grimm's "Rapunzel" is packed with religious symbolism, which lends a new insight to the meaning of this classic story. The relation between "Rapunzel" and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Through all of Eden, and assuredly Eden was a vast place, only one tree was forbidden from man. That tree was not very large, and it's only appealing factor lay in it's mystery. The size of the window, through which the rampion was seen, is correlated with the size of the tree illustrating that a small temptation can have very large consequences. That "tiny window," which could have been easily ignored, led, ultimately, to the fall of mankind. Yet another biblical correlation is perceived in the first sentence of "Rapunzel." This sentence outlines a situation in which a man and woman want a child, but are unable to conceive. Through the formalistic approach, an association can be fastened between this and the story of Jacob and his wives (Genesis 29:31). In this story, Leah bears Jacob several sons, while her sister Rachel fails even to conceive. Rachel and the wife from "Rapunzel" are in similar positions. They desire to bear children, but continue to remain barren. This association to Jacob's story is further strengthened through the mother's statement, "I shall die unless I can have some of that rampion,"("Rapunzel" 514) for Rachel declared in Genesis 30:1 almost verbatim, "Give me children, or I will die!" As the fairy tale continues, Rapunzel depicts the history of man through her fate. She is shut up in a tower in the midst of a wood, much like man was separated from God, until finally, her savior beckons. In introducing the Prince, the authors ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 72. Essay on Formalistic Analysis of Kate Chopin's Desiree's... Formalistic Analysis of Désirée's Baby The short story "Désirée's Baby" is told by a third person omniscient point of view. The narrator, whose character or relationship to the story never receives any discussion, is a seemingly all– knowing observer of the situation. Although the narrator does not take sides towards issues that arise during the course of the text, her general view does shape the overall characterization of the white Southern society. The text exhibits interesting clues such as word choice, tone and mood, reappearing symbols and references that enrich the story and intensify its underlining message. The choice of French names and words reminds the reader of the stories' setting and helps create an irony ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... L'Abri means "shelter" in French. It is ironic how Madame Valmondé shudders at the sight of it and finds it to be a "sad looking place". In the beginning the plantation virtually becomes a place of harmony and goodness since it is the home of Désirée and her joy. As the plot advances, however, this previously mentioned grimness begins to break through, until the young mother is forced to leave the plantation. Armands' prestigious estate therefore proves to be less than a shelter for his sensitive and gentle wife. The tone and mood created throughout the text and its drastic shift greatly affect the readers' feelings on the situation. The first couple of paragraphs depict the newlyweds as a happy couple, filled with the joy of the birth of their son. As Désirée's mother visits her daughter appears to be overfilled with happiness. The descriptive details that first introduce the reader to Désirée make the young woman and her surroundings appear overly idyllic. She enthusiastically tells about her husband and it becomes evident that her life revolves around him and his well being. The narrator further mentions that young Armand's roughness had been softened by the presence of his loving wife and son. The overall mood created throughout the first part of the story is one of joy and harmony. This clashes with the atmosphere created by the description of the latter part of the story. Almost instantaneously ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 74. Formalistic Analysis of Hills Like White Elephants In an analysis of the story "Hills like white elephants" by Ernest Hemmingway, one is forced to take a deep look at the hidden meanings embedded in the story. Considering the point of view, the significance of the location and its relevance to the story, the structure of the text, the symbolic meaning of the two landscapes and the title of the story, the entrails of the story are exposed. Hemmingway's story is written in an objective or dramatic point of view. The story is told primarily through dialogue. The narrator has emotionally distanced himself from the characters, and the true feelings and opinions of the characters are revealed in little clues as the story progresses. The narrator acts solely as a reporter of the chain of events ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... She says, "Everything tastes of licorice. (Sweet)...all the things you've waited so long for, like absinthe (bitter), the combination is bittersweet. A deeper reading leads to a new understanding of the symbolic meaning of the two landscape descriptions. They were in stark contrast to each other. One side was barren and arid, the other green and fertile. "The valley of the Ebro was long and white... there was no shade and no trees... On the other side, "were fields of grain and trees." These opposing landscapes symbolize the contrasting options available to the couple. The dry side of the valley represented the choice to abort the unborn child and continue with an empty life filled shallow experiences, "(looking) at things and (trying) new drinks." The fertile side of the valley represents the life the woman desires, one filled with family and meaningful moments. The story then shifts to the station which was between two lines of rails" this represented the two opposite directions in which they could have traveled, and the choice that lay in each direction, Madrid being the place of abortion, and the continuity of the 'empty' life they were used to together, or toward Barcelona, a new start, a new beginning, with a new life. So railroad station represented a crossroads or junction at which they had to cross. The title of the story was simile. The title "hills like white elephants" also represented the choice that the couple had to make. A ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 76. Symbolism In Young Goodman Brown And The Birthmark Hawthorne Prompt Throughout the short stories "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Birthmark" both written by Nathaniel Hawthorne follow the formalistic approach. The Birthmark focuses on the flaws of human beings as Georgiana who is married to Aylmer has a birthmark on her cheek. Aylmer becomes obsessed with perfection and sees this birthmark as a major flaw with his wife. She does then get the birth mark removed but dies soon after. There's a lot of symbolism between the two stories. In the "Young Goodman Brown", Brown's wife Faith wears a pink ribbon in her hair. The symbolism here is the fact that Faith's ribbon is pink which is an in between color. Red is a symbol of evil or being provocative and white is a symbol of purity and innocence. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 78. A Formalistic Analysis of The Fatal Sisters A Formalistic Analysis of The Fatal Sisters In "The Fatal Sisters" Thomas Gray has created a monologue pregnant with references to history, geography, and mythology. These reappearing references and allusions enrich the text, as they allow a closer look at the political situation surrounding eleventh century Britain. The poems' sixteen stanzas exhibit an ABAB rhyme scheme, which provides for systematic organization and positive aesthetic effects. Closer examination of the setting, tone, and imagery of the poem permits insight into the text's content and artistic genius. The setting for "The Fatal Sisters" is an eleventh century, war–ridden Ireland. The nation's fate appears to rest upon the shoulders of a few bloodthirsty ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The women are described as "gigantic", which adds to their obscure mystery. The twelve characters hastily engage in their main task of weaving while singing the gruesome poetry. Furthermore, the geological aspect of the setting intensifies the poem's fantastic air as it describes the scene to be an inscrutable cave inside a hill in rural Ireland. The tone Gray builds throughout the poem is one of darkness. Since there is no direct action and plot during the course of the text, the tone it bears is generally passive, although it changes towards the end. The tone is characterized by the pessimistic and dark foreshadowing that echoes throughout the poem. Reappearing reference to war and the brutality of battle further aid the development of the gloomy tone. As the poem progresses, the tone changes. This becomes evident in the last three stanzas, when the loom is finished and "the work is done". After the achievement of this task the mellow tone shifts towards excitement and motivation. Stanza 14 shows this change in tone utilizing two back to back exclamations or demands that hastily call for immediate action to spread the fate. Intensively striking war imagery emerges throughout the course of the text and therefore effectively joins its underlining fore. Graphic images of the grotesque face of war characterize and develop the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 80. Hanna Pitkin In this study I will focus on descriptive and substantive representation as defined by Hanna Pitkin in her seminal work The Concept of Representation (1967). Pitkin identifies there four types of representation: formalistic, descriptive, symbolic and substantive. The formalistic representation is defined as the formal bestowing of authority onto a person to act for others. This form is problematic because all the actions of the representatives count as 'representation', regardless of their quality. Descriptive representation indicates the correspondence between the characteristics of the represented and the representatives. According to Pitkin, this concept is limited because it emphasizes the composition of a political institution rather than ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...