About UNICEF UNICEF is the world’s leading effective development and emergency relief organization workingglobally to support children.UNICEF is not funded by the UN. They rely on voluntarydonations for their work with children in over 150 developing countries.
What are Rights? any claim, title, etc, that is morally just or legallygranted as allowable or due to a person
What is a Convention?A convention is an agreement betweencountries to obey the same law. Whenthe government of a country ratifies a convention, that means it agrees to obey the law written down in that convention.
Why do children need a special convention? Because people under the age of18 need special care and protection that adults don’t necessarily need
What are the key principles andprovisions of the Convention?
Non-discrimination Children should neither benefit or suffer because of their race, color, gender, language, religion, national, social or ethnic origin, or because ofany political or other opinion; becauseof their caste, property or birth status; or because they are disabled.
The Best Interests of the Child Laws and actions affecting children should put their best interests first and benefit them in the best possible way.
Survival, Development and Protection The authorities in each country must protect children and help ensure their full development —physically, spiritually, morally and socially.
Participation Children have a right to havetheir say in decisions that affectthem and to have their opinions taken into account.
The UnitedNationsConventionon the Rightsof the Child
Article 1Everyone under 18 years of agehas all the rights in this Convention.
Article 2The Convention applies to everyone whatever their race, religion,abilities, whatever they think or say, whatever type of family they come from.
Article 3All organizations concerned with children should work towards what is best for each child.
Article 4 Article 4Governments should make these rights available to children.
Article 4 Article 5Governments should respect the rightsand responsibilities of families to guidetheir children so that, as they grow up, they learn to use their rights properly.
Article 4 Article 6Children have the right to live a full life. Governments should ensure thatchildren survive and develop healthily.
Article 4 Article 7Children have the right to a legally registeredname and nationality. Children also have the right to know their parents and, as far as possible, to be cared for by them.
Article 4 Article 8Governments should respect a child’s right to a name, a nationality and family ties.
Article 4 Article 9Children should not be separated from their parents unless it is for their own good.Children whose parents have separated have the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might harm the child.
Article 10 4 ArticleFamilies who live in different countries shouldbe allowed to move between those countries so that parents and children can stay in contact, or get back together as a family.
Article 11 4 ArticleGovernments should take steps to stop children being taken out of their own country illegally.
Article 124 ArticleChildren have the right tosay what they think should happen when adults are makingdecisions that
Article 134 ArticleChildren have the right to get and to share information,as long as the information
Article 144 Article Children have the right to think and believe what they want and to practise theirreligion, as long as they are not stopping other
Article 154 Article Children havethe right to meet with other children and young people and to join groups andorganizations, as
Article 164 Article Children have the right to privacy. The law should protect them from attacks against their way of life,their good name, their family and their home.
Article 17Children have theright to reliable information from the media. Mass media should provideinformation that children can
Article 18Both parents share responsibility for bringing up their children and should always consider what isbest for each child. Governments should help
Article 19 Governmentsshould ensure that children are properlycared for and protect themfrom violence, abuse and
Article 20Governments should ensure thatchildren are properly cared forand protect them from violence, abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone else who looks after them.
Article 21When children are adopted the first concern must be what is best for them. The samerules should apply whether childrenare adopted in the
Article 22 Children who come into a country as refugeesshould have the same rights as children who
Article 23 Children whohave any kind of disability should receivespecial care andsupport so that they can live a
Article 24Children have the right to good quality healthcare, clean water, nutritious food and a clean environment so that they will
Article 25 Children who are looked after by their localauthority rather than their parents should have their situation reviewed regularly.
Article 26The Government should provide extra money for the children of families in need.
Article 27Children have the right to a standard of living that is good enough to meet their physical and mental needs.The government should help
Article 28 Children have the right to an education. Discipline in schools should respect children’s human dignity. Primary education
Article 29Education should develop each child’spersonality and talents to the full. It should encourage
Article 30 Children have the right to learn and use the language and customs of their families, whether or not these are shared by the majorityof the people in the country where they live, as long as this does not harm others.
Article 31 Children have the right torelax, playand to join in a wide
Article 32 Governments should protect children from work that isdangerous or that might harm their health or education.
Article 33 Governments should provide ways of protecting childrenfrom dangerous drugs.