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Wimax and Sustainability strategies


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Wimax and Sustainability strategies

  1. 1. Guide to sustainability <ul><ul><li>Developed by: Tricalcar Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lilian Chamorro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>Unit 19
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Define basic concepts of sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a guide to identify factors that may be critical for the sustainability of community wireless networks </li></ul><ul><li>Analise examples of projects that have used Wi-Fi technology in their networks </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sustainability? <ul><li>Is there no money to pay for services provided by the network? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has experience in starting up/ launching a business? What's his/her profile (technical, commercial, communication)? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it common to see low-income people using last-generation electronic devices? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining sustainability <ul><li>The ability of a project, or its results, to continue to exist/operate beyond the end of the financing or the activities of external agent. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Caracteristics of sustainability <ul><li>Transversal to the project </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete actions, revisions, changes </li></ul><ul><li>Changing -> Bricolage (DIY) (eg SIA - Huaral, charges to partners in order to meet costs, training farmers and their families) </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and evaluation must be done by partners </li></ul><ul><li>Use of methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of missions, goals, results </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of most relevant factors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dimensions of sustainability <ul><li>Social and cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Political and/or legal </li></ul><ul><li>Technological </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational </li></ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory work </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory environment </li></ul><ul><li>Mesh Networks? </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Market research, business plan </li></ul><ul><li>Synergy with the environment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Considering factors <ul><li>Some factors may be more important than others, depending on the project </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational, business models, etc., can not be applied in all cases </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse particular cases and identify other factors </li></ul>
  8. 8. Services <ul><li>Useful for the community </li></ul><ul><li>Simple and replicable </li></ul><ul><li>Not involving radical changes (IP Telephony) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify information needs </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic collaboration </li></ul>
  9. 9. Services <ul><li>Areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surfing the Internet, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store and Forward applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring of natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal information systems </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Services: Things to remember <ul><ul><li>Provide connectivity to other organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search integration with other local media (radio stations, newspapers, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify other devices with which one could gain access to network services </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Examples <ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sopachuy – ACLO Foundation (Acción cultural Loyola) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecuador </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Action and Camari in Guamote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROMEC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perú </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIA - Huaral </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Factors to consider S ocial suatainability <ul><li>Local context </li></ul><ul><li>Community needs </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment of key actors </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation by the community </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering the community </li></ul><ul><li>Identify different groups </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing goals with local actors </li></ul>
  13. 13. Factors to consider L egal and/or political sustainability <ul><li>Implementation within the existing legal framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. legal use of 2.4 GHz and 5GHz bands, or regulation for IP telephony services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk factors: Bureaucracy, unacceptable political impositions, unstable political conditions. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Factors to consider Organisational sustainability <ul><li>Adopt an organisational model (working rules, structure, personnel) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of local staff: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation of key information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation of local leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political stability </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Factors to consider Organisational sustainability <ul><li>To select an organisational model: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify roles (administration, installation, studies, decision making, identifying needs, conventions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set team ground rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define recruitement strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify strategic partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for community involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider need of specialised personnel </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The organisation must be prepared to change, if required </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation previously constituted: Institutionalise the project </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial organisation: Follow-up activities </li></ul>Factors to consider Organisational sustainability
  17. 17. Factors to consider Technological sustainability <ul><li>Technology that suits the environment and can be maintained for a long period. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Features: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Financially accessible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptable to new technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to operate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Factors to consider Technological sustainability <ul><li>Consider different equipment to be provisioned: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Routers, AP (different brands, firmware) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software for services: proprietary, free? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to handle, tailored to the needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access technology (Wi-Fi, DSL, Satellite) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Factors to consider Technological sustainability <ul><li>Ability to generate resources to allow a steady operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a business plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Operating and investment costs (See table) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Define finantial resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish costs and prices of services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep costs down without compromising quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan cost-sharing strategies </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusions <ul><li>Maintain the benefits of the network </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability has several dimensions: social, political, organisational, technological, financial </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation is essential for sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>We must identify the various factors affecting the sustainability, according to the context of the project. </li></ul>