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Performance

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Performance

  1. 1. Performance
  2. 2. “A ‘performance’ may be defined as allthe activity of a given participant on agiven occasion which serves toinfluence in any way any of the otherparticipants.” – Goffman
  3. 3. “A ‘performance’ may be defined as all theactivity of a given participant on a givenoccasion which serves to influence in anyway any of the other participants.”– Goffman• What activity?• What occasion?• Who are the participants?
  4. 4. “Concert”Makes music the center of attention.Since 1840 used to describe public and non-theatrical events.Silent audience became norm in the mid-19th century.Since mid-twentieth century, extended topresentations of jazz, rock and popularmusic (as well as European classical).(Grove Dictionary of Music)
  5. 5. Audience and genreSetting?Enter? When?Sit? Where? How?Talk?Move?Dance?Clap when?Performer-audience interaction?
  6. 6. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life,Erving Goffman“Everyone is always and everywhere, more orless consciously, playing a role…It is in theseroles that we know each other; it is in theseroles that we know ourselves.”– Robert Park
  7. 7. “Front”“…that part of the individual’s performancewhich regularly functions in a general andfixed fashion to define the situation for thosewho observe the performance.Front…is the expressive equipment of astandard kind intentionally or unwittinglyemployed by the individual during hisperformance.” – Goffman
  8. 8. “Front”Setting: furniture, environment, etc.Personal front: clothing, gender, age, race, speech patterns, facialexpressions, bodily gesturesAppearance: “stimuli which function at the time to tell us of theperformer’s social statuses”Manner: “stimuli which function at the time to warn us of the interactionrole the performer will expect to play in the oncoming situation”
  9. 9. “All the world is not, ofcourse, a stage, butthe crucial ways inwhich it isn’t are noteasy to specify.”– Goffman
  10. 10. “All the world is not, ofcourse, a stage, butthe crucial ways inwhich it isn’t are noteasy to specify.”– Goffman

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