Military Psychology: Overview


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Military Psychology: Overview

  1. 1. Military Psychology: Research Dr. Steven J. Kass Dr. (Major) Alan Ogle
  2. 2. Military Psychology Research in History Military Psychology Research Includes: – Recruitment, selection, placement, training, retention – Prediction/enhancement of combat performance – Human factors in design of complex weapon systems – Specialized skills training – Coping skills in foreign lands, adverse conditions – Adjustment/stress – Data analysis for decision/policy making – Diversity
  3. 3. World War I: – Intelligence testing, selection, & classification World War II: – Human factors studies  RADAR, electronic communications, complex weapon systems – Mackworth’s vigilance research on radar operators in RAF.  Navy Combat Information Centers (CIC) – man-machine interface issues (e.g., sonar, radar)  APA Division 21 – Applied Experimental & Engineering Psychologists (HF) – Problems of human capabilities and limitations in use of complex systems (e.g., high performance aircraft, submarines, C&C centers) – Research on protecting soldiers from environmental elements. Military Psychology Research in History
  4. 4. Post WWII – RADAR-aided ATC (Ohio State Univ) – Land-based air defense/interception (Columbia Univ/MIT) – Shipboard Combat Info Center air defense (NRL- Chesapeake Bay) – Battlefield Surveillance (Univ of Michigan) – Field operations, tactics, equipment (Ft. Ord, Cal) – Hypothetical command center for nuclear war (System Development Corporation) Military Psychology Research in History
  5. 5. Human Resources Research Office (HumRRO) – Est 1951 to study US Army training methods – Still conducts I/O related work for Army and other agencies – Located in Alexandria, VA Military Psychology Research in History
  6. 6. Military Research Centers & Labs Army US Army Human Research Engineering Directorate (HRED) – Est 1951, Aberdeen Proving Ground (MD) – HF research on interface design (e.g., field phone interface, display symbology for weapon systems, pilot controls) – Basic psychological research on human sensory input/handling of informatino – Field experiments measuring performance of soldiers operating developmental hardware systems – Application of human engineering design guidance for development and testing of materiel systems For more info see:
  7. 7. Division of Neuropsychiatry at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Washington DC, 1951 – Stress Studies  Neuroscience animal/human experiments on stress reactions  Sleep deprivation studies – Stimulants/sleep aids  Stress associated with military lifestyle For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Army
  8. 8. US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), Natick, MA – Studies on soldier performance as impacted by harsh environmental stressor, such as heat, cold, altitude.  Physical fitness  Biomechanics  biophysics of protective clothing For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Army
  9. 9. US Army Aeromedical Research Lab (USAARL), Ft Rucker, AL – In-flight & simulator assessment of helo pilots under stressful flight conditions – Pilot fatigue – Performance with night vision goggles – Effects/benefits of pharmaceuticals (e.g., stimulants) – Effects of extreme conditions on pilot performance – E.g., shock, g-forces, vibration, noise, visual enhancement systems. For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Army
  10. 10. US Army Research Institute (ARI) for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (many offices around US) – Personnel selection, classification, placement, and retention For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Army
  11. 11. US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense (USAMRICD), Aberdeen, MD – Medical defense against chemical battlefield threats  Treatment  Prophylaxis  Antidotes For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Army
  12. 12. Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) – Aircraft Division (Lakehurst, Patuxent River) – Training Systems Division (Orlando) – Weapons Division (China Lake, Point Mugu) Space & Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) – Formerly Navy Command, Control, & Ocean Surveillance Cetner (NOSC) & Navy Research, Development, Test, & Evaluation Center (NRaD) – (Charleston, San Diego) Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) – ( Carderock, W. Bethesda, Crane, Dahlgren, Panama City, Indian Head, Port Hueneme) Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) – (Keyport, Newport) See Links for more info: Military Research Centers & Labs Navy
  13. 13. Naval Health Research Center (NHRC), San Diego – Fleet operational readiness thru RDT&E – Evaluation of biomedical & psychological aspects of Navy/Marine personnel health & performance Naval Aerospace Medical Research Lab (NAMRL), Pensacola – Aviation performance and medicine  Spatial disorientation, motion sickness, effects of meds – BRAC’d for 2011, moving to WPAFB Naval Submarine Medical Research Lab (NSMRL), Groton See links for more info: Military Research Centers & Labs Navy
  14. 14. Military Research Centers & Labs Navy Naval Operational Medicine Institute (NOMI) – Naval Aerospace Medicine Institute (NAMI) – Naval Expeditionary Medicine Institute (NEMTI) – Naval Special Operations Medicine Institute (NSOMI) – Naval Survival Training Institute (NSTI) – Naval Undersea Medicine Institute (NUMI) – Surface Warfare Medicine Institute (SWMI) For more info:
  15. 15. US Air Force Research Laboratory (realigned)  “Super Lab” to conduct research on all aspects of aviation – Wright Lab (Wright-Patterson AFB, OH) – Armstrong Lab (Brooks AFB, TX) – Phillips Lab (Kirtland AFB, NM) – Rome Lab (Griffiss AFB, NY) For more info see: Military Research Centers & Labs Air Force
  16. 16. Military Research Funding Program 6 – Research, Development, Testing & Evaluation (RDT&E) – 6.1 Basic Research – basic mechanisms to explain psychological/physiological systems  Application of research not important at this level – 6.2 Applied Research – meeting a problem that has been identified  mostly in-house research – 6.3 Advanced Material Development – feasibility  preliminary development of new technologies – 6.4 Engineering Development – procurement  final development/procurement of technology to solve new problem or fix old problem
  17. 17. 6.1 Funding Navy: Office of Naval Research (ONR) Air Force: US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Army: – Army Research Institute (ARI) for Social & Behavioral Research (I/O, Personnel) – Army Materiel Command’s Human Research & Engineering Directorate (human engineering) – US Army Medical Research & Materiel Command (medical research) – Army Research Office (behavioral research)
  18. 18. Military Psychology Training  Advanced degrees in Psych (MA, Ph.D.)  Experimental design & statistics  Practical experience  Generalist, team player  Ability to study multiple variables
  19. 19. Military Psychology Research Opportunities  Basic mechanisms research on animal models – Historical labs: primate lab, pigeon missile  Laboratory experiments w/state of the art equipment – Technology: Virtual reality, simulators, centrifuges – Innovations: tactile feedback, microdisplays, augmented cognition – Motivated participants  Field research – Solving real problems  Social psychology – Group dynamics, team training/cohesion, leadership, persuasion, etc.  Collaborative work w/world renown researchers
  20. 20. Military Psychology Publishing Military Psychology research is published in:  Technical Reports – DTIC repository for gov’t reports  Conference Proceedings – E.g., I/ITSEC, HFES, AsMA  Journals – E.g.,Military Psychology; Human Factors; Aviation, Space, & Environmental Medicine; J. of Aviation; J. of Applied Psychology; Work & Stress; Ergonomics
  21. 21. Military Psychology Research The Future  Cuts in research funding due to war efforts in Afghanistan & Iraq  Base Re-alignment And Closures – Joint Service labs to increase efficiency  International research programs  Clinical research for increased number of war vets (PTSD, Stress, Neuropsych)  Hi tech advances
  22. 22. Other Military Experiments Link to Dr. Steve’s Research Page: YouTube Videos:  Mind control experiment:  LSD experiments:  Dolphin soldier pt1: pt2: pt3: pt4: