Teaching, Learning and Valuing Local Knowledge through Digital Tools
Sharing, Learning and Valuing Local Knowledge through Digital Tools: The AUDRN Experience Part I Maria Lourdes Quisumbing-Baybay Paper presented at the APNIEVE 11th General Assembly May 4, 2012, Miriam College
INTRODUCTION The world is increasingly interconnected with global knowledge travelling instantaneously; thus local knowledge is threatened (Holmes & Crossley, 2004). For educational development to be effective, the voices of local people deserve to be heard more readily (Holmes & Crossley, 2004 ). Educational institutions need to embrace the importance of local knowledge in this digital age.
UNESCO acknowledged the tension between global and local knowledge as one of the several challenges to be met in the 21st century (Zhou, 2000) when it devoted an international conference on the topic in 2000.
WHAT IS LOCAL KNOWLEDGE? the totality of perceptions, beliefs, understandings, facts, and skills that members of a community to communicate about and manipulate the world around them (Wisner, 2004). dynamic and changing and is mostly based on experience; is often tested over time through centuries of use and adapted to the local context (www.fao.org/sd/links, n.d.).
is embedded in community practices, institutions, relationships and rituals and thus, often bridges physical and social functions and realities. Local communities, where this knowledge emanates, are not just museums of traditions but are workshops of knowledge production (Wisner, 2009).
LEARNING LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM Social constructivism emphasizes the importance of culture and context in understanding what occurs in society and the construction of knowledge based on this understanding (McMahon, 1997). Students learn local knowledge in a social, collaborative manner through digital tools. Students learn the ethics of implementing research about local knowledge.
Because 21st century students are digital natives, their social interactions are increasingly becoming “wired” thus, the use of digital tools for academic work is appropriate: Documentation of local knowledge through tablets, smartphones and digicams Sharing of local knowledge and reflections through interactive blogs and chats on a class website. Systematization of learnings in an e-portfolio or a social networking site which can give varying degrees of access to audiences beyond the class
ASIAN UNIVERSITY DIGITAL RESOURCE NETWORK AUDRN is an innovative effort to inform and ground students in their local knowledge through digital tools, thus making them value their identity and their local knowledge.AUDRN aims to share resources with Asian universities, particularly in preserving and sharing Asia’s local knowledge, through training, research, online interest groups and a website.
Miriam College is the host of the AUDRN, an innovative program of the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia’s Local Knowledge Initiative.
ThrustsSharing the Local KnowledgeLocal Knowledge ResearchUsing Digital ToolsNetworking
Sharing Local KnowledgeAUDRN organized and successfully run training events that featured documenting and sharing culture and local knowledge through Web 2.0 tools.
The first workshop, Preserving and Sharing Culture through Digital Tools, in Jogjakarta, Indonesia was hosted by Duta Wacana Christian University in March 2010 was attended by 28 participants from 19 Indonesian universities and academic institutions.
A second workshop, Sharing Culture and Service-Learning through Digital Tools in Manila, Philippines, at Miriam College in June 2010 brought together 36 academics and librarians from 21 colleges and universities around the Philippines
A series of 5 smaller workshops or field camps from September 2010 to March 2011 to share research and/or academic projects on local knowledge: Guided lecture by an expert on trends of LK research A short field trip to a nearby local cultural destination A demonstration and exploration on the use of digital tools for the integration of local knowledge in participants’ respective disciplines
Two field camps, “We’ve Got FB. Now What?” were co-hosted by La Salle, Canlubang and by the University of Baguio for Luzon participants.
Three field camps, “Local Knowledge in a Connected Global Village,” were co-hosted by the Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Zamboanga City in Mindanao, Silliman University, Dumaguete City and the University of San Carlos, Cebu City in the Visayas.
An international conference-workshop in the Philippines “Discovering Local Knowledge in the 21st Century, Connecting Classrooms to the World,” in May 2011, gathered 42 local participants and 12 international delegates from China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam.
The conference portion highlighted speeches of guest speakers and the presentations of research projects on preserving, sharing, and teaching local knowledge using digital tools.
The workshop portion focused on a field work exercise of exploring local knowledge of Metropolitan Manila and of surrounding provinces.
Seven one-day fora, “Forum on Teaching andLearning Local Knowledge in the Digital Age,” for researchers and teachers on the integration of local knowledge into the curriculum have been co-hosted by 8 higher education institutions in Jolo, Bacolod, Butuan, Tuguegarao, Dasmarinas, Zamboanga and Cebu.
Two more fora will be conducted this month. May 11, 2012 May 29, 2012
An international camp on local knowledge, “Weaving Local Knowledge into Asian Higher Education,” an interactive knowledge networking event showcasing best practices on discovering, sharing, and teaching using digital tools, will be hosted by Soegijapranata Catholic University in Semarang, Indonesia on May 23-25, 2012.
Local Knowledge Research AUDRN, with funding from United Board, supports higher education institutions to conduct research in order to develop and evolve reference models for documenting local knowledge using digital tools and integrating LK into the curriculum.
MC Endemic and Indigenous Tree /Plant Inventory and Digital Mapping Project by Noel R. Buensuceso, Janet Reguindin, and Milagros Serrana https://picasaweb.google.com/110303991322677236594/MiriamCollege?authkey
6 On-going ResearchesIndigenous Chanters: The Voices of the Higaonon of Agusan Father Saturnino Urios University In Search of Indigenous/Traditional Knowledge and Practices of Tan-awan Village West Negros University
Passing on the Gift: Local Healing Modalities in an Ayta Community in Floridablanca, Pampanga Miriam College The Virgins of Cavite: Religiosity, Arts and History De La Salle University – Dasmariñas
Building Bridges between Formal Laws and Living Laws: An Action Research on Indigenous Laws in the Philippines Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Zamboanga City Father Saturnino Urios University, Butuan City University of St. La Salle, Bacolod City Miriam College, Quezon City
2 Approved; 1 Being Reviewed River Tales:Climate Change and Local Knowledge of Riverine Indigenous Communities in Typhoon Affected Areas in Northern Mindanao University of the Philippines-Mindanao Documenting and Sharing Local Knowledge by Anthropology Students Ateneo de Zamboanga University
Use of Digital ToolsA community site at http://people.audrn.net is the platform for 230 AUDRN members to connect and share digital resources on local knowledge.
There are 2 AUDRN social networking sites: an associated Facebook Fan page at http://www.facebook.com/audrn and a Twitter page at http://twitter.com/#!/audrn which operate as parallel information and communication touch points to promote AUDRN.
Mahara e-portfolio http://firstconnexions.com/ub/audrn is the site where project implementers collaborate with each other and show their research progress
NetworkingFormalizing the AUDRN Network Target: 10 universities noted for its local knowledge expertise, shown support for AUDRN activities and their strategic positions as HEIs in the region
Network building with identified “champions” in different HEIs who have demonstrated their expertise, enthusiasm and commitment to the advancement of local knowledge in teaching and research.