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  1. 1. School guidance and counselling What is school guidance and counselling?School guidance and counselling is an educational approach withinprofessional organizations that support psychologist practicing ineducation.Its main roles are to improve childs educational achievements and toprevent or reduce bad behaviours by taking into account their personaldevelopment and situation. Difference between guidance and counselling:Guidance involves listening carefully to the problems of individuals anddiscussing possible solutions that can help, solve and alleviate theseproblems. In this way the person who is in dilemma can choose whether ornot to accept the said solution and carry it out.Counselling involves a series of talking and listening, discussing the problemat hand and sharing relevant information that could help the personunderstand the problem and make his or her own decision or course ofaction.Therefore, while guidance is a way of providing solutions, counsellinghas more to do with providing advices in order that the person introubles can solve his or her problems by their own.
  2. 2. What are its functions?1. Counselling assistance to support and facilitate all students in developingand managing their personal/social, educational and career goals and plans.2. Prevention: intervention and responding to students who areexperiencing immediate on-going problems, concerns or crises whichinterfere in their learning.3. Developmental guidance education: helping students to developcompetences needed in order to achieve personal success and fulfilment,and to make a contribution to society. It is focused on three areas, mainly:personal/social development, educational development and careerdevelopment.4. Consultation, planning and coordination involves the administrative andmanagement activities necessary to support the guidance and counsellingprogram, as well as activities or services provided by school counsellors tosupport other guidance and educational programs of the school
  3. 3. What are its main areas?Personal/social development:-Students identity and self-concept.-Health and physical well-being: physical maturations, sexuality, fitness,injury, disease, eating disorders, drugs consume...-Interpersonal relationships, with emphasis on the students relationshipswith peers, adults within the family, and adults outside the family such as:teachers and administrators.Educational development:-Academic and cognitive, focusing on learning in the classroom and othereducational contexts, with particular attention to individual studentsneeds, abilities, and approach to the learning situations.Career development:Career and leisure, which involve the exploration and broadening of thestudents options in planning such career and leisure activities as locatingoccupational information, interviewing for a job and finding recreationalfacilities. OUR SERVICES Exceptional Learning Needs and Students At-RiskComprehensive guidance and counselling programs and services areinclusive. They are intended to help all students realize their full potentialregardless of physical, social, emotional and other challenges. The functionof school counsellors with students who have exceptional learning needsmay include:- Providing specific curriculum-related programs to strengthen personaland interpersonal skills such as problem-solving, decision-making,understanding feelings and self-acceptance.- Providing referrals for additional specialized support services andmediating and facilitating effective behaviour change.-Providing social skills training individually and in small groups.
  4. 4. - Providing career planning.- Assisting in the completion of funding applications.- Working as a team member with other support professionals, makingreferrals to appropriate specialists.- Providing in-service support presentations to staff, promoting workshopsfor staff and students on various disorders affecting school success- Supporting parents and families, serving as a consultant and resource toguide them.Peer HelpingPeer helping programs enhance the effectiveness of the comprehensiveguidance and counselling program by expanding services.Peer helpers receive training in communication and helping skills to assistwith one-to-one helping relationships.The peer helpers can then help provide services such as:- welcoming new students- tutoring in academic areas or as career information coordinators.- peer mediation and conflict resolution helpers-leadership/cross-age group- community and volunteer services- alerting counsellors to serious problems
  5. 5. - helping students-at-risk or with exceptional learning needs- peer helper trainers.Group WorkGroup guidance and group counselling are effective means of responding tothe varying needs of students, t o deal with problems and issues ineducational, career and personal/social areas.Group guidance or group work in the classroom is typically used to addressdevelopmental needs and to implement preventative programs.It is informational and instructional in nature. That´s why e thically, groupcounselling requires the counsellor to have specific training.Aims of group guidance and counselling include:- to provide a means of sharing information on topicssuch as careerinformation and study skills- to help students develop skills for programs such as conflictmanagement, peer helping, and peer tutoring- to help students develop knowledge and learnpersonal management andsocial skills such coping with feelings, dealing with peer pressure, goal-setting, problem-solving, and communication skills.Students´s PortfoliosSchool counsellors play an important role on the school team in thedevelopment of student portfolios.They can be used:- To give feedback on individual students performance.- To obtain concrete evidence for evaluation of learning which can supportreports to parents.
  6. 6. - To facilitate a student´s transition to the world of work or to furtherlearning (it can be also useful to provide this informayion to future student´s teachers). come on! we can do it!!! SPECIAL PROGRAMMESStop bullying!Create bullying awareness in your school and communityInvite students, classroom teachers and school staff to work together topromote safe school climates.Avoiding any type of bullying:-Verbal bullying: refers to actions such as insults or racial comments.-Social bullying: refers to actions such as gossiping, spreading rumours andignoring or excluding others. ..- Physical bullying: through aggressive actions.The classroom activities contained in this package highlight the issue ofbullying in order to encourage empathy for those affected by bullying andto empower others to recognize the hurt and damage caused by all formsof bullying.
  7. 7. Towards inclusionThe intention is to provide additional classroom management strategies inorder to create and maintain a predictable learning environment in whichstudents and teachers enjoy positive relationships, students are ready tolearn, and teachers are able to teach.For example encouraging positive relationships or with Social skillsinstructions, in order to increase success rates and reduce negativebehaviour.Consultants for the Blind and Visually ImpairedThe services are based on a student’s specific visual needs , so they aredeterminated by the consultants through observations, assessments andby talking with parents and the student support team.The consultants also teach specialized skillsin: sensory development, brailleliteracy, concept development, orientation and mobility, effective use ofresidual vision, assistive technology, keyboarding and handwritingskills, effective use of learning and listening skills, daily living skills...They carry out adaptations for learning activities in the classroom,gymnasium, on the playground, at home and in the community whenappropriate and special equipment may be needed to support astudent’s learning (ex: braille writer, closed-circuit television magnificationsystem, computer access devices)
  8. 8. Who receives our services?Counseling and guidance services are focused on STUDENTS ofelementary, middle, high schools, and even adult education.Comprehensive guidance and counselling programs and services supportstudent learning in areas of personal/social, educational and careerdevelopment.Our more common “customers” are students with emotional and behaviouraldifficulties. Usually pupils with issues at home (parental apathy, substanceabuse, poverty, marital breakdown…)But these problems not only concern to the children, and that’s why thecounsellors also provide services to TEACHERS and PARENTS, asconsultants to help them in dealing with the situation. Who provides these services?School psychologists are professionals involved in various forms ofinterventions in order to help promote development, to acquire and bestutilize personal, school, family, and community resources, and to minimizedifficulties and disorders.Guidance officers are people can help you with a wide range of educationalissues as well as offering specialist information and support, for example,they play a vital role in providing information and advice to students abouttheir future study options.
  9. 9. A school counsellor is a counsellor and an educator who works inelementary, middle, and high schools to provide academic, career, collegeaccess, and personal/social competencies to students.School divisions should ensure that persons fulfilling the role of schoolcounsellor are adequately trained. It is recommended that schoolcounsellors should have completed a 30-hour degree program in schoolcounselling, including supervised practice in guidance counselling.* Support Teachers in primary schools* Guidance counsellors in second level schools* Guidance practitioners in third level education* Guidance practitioners working with adults in education* Guidance practitioners working in Youth reach and similar programmes. When is guidance and counselling providing?Guidance and counselling is provided when people with mental healthproblems are identified. Normally they present the attitudes bellow:Apathy, substance abuse, poverty to marital breakdown, feelings of lossand abandonment, difficulties in controlling and expressing feelingsespecially anger, low self esteem and general lack of social skills. Theireducational attainment is also affected due to lack of familial support, lackof motivation, poor attitude, absenteeism and dropout, and consequently alow standard of core literacy and numeracy skills.
  10. 10. HOW CAN WE IDENTIFY A PERSON WHO NEEDS ADDITIONAL SUPPORT? 1. Teacher observations: Teachers are crucial to the success of interventions in schools and have a good knowledge ofstudents. In this first phase, teachers raise any concerns they have hadwith students with a chaired panel of multi-disciplinary specialists.2. School support team contribute and then collate all information:Without compromising confidentiality, welfare personnel such as the schoolcounsellor, nurse and youth worker nominate students not yet identifiedand with whom they have worked and who are in need. In this second phasefurther students can be added.3. The student self-report: As adolescents have been found to be able toaccurately report both their depression and anxiety, the self-reportinstruments are an important procedure. Where is guidance and counselling provided?They are provided in:- Primary Schools-High schools-Degrees and post degrees.-They are also provided by different kind of programmes and via internet.PERSONAL GUIDANCEGuidance at primary level Main functions:Support for the Transition from Primary to Post Primary.Many children need support in their transition from primary to postprimary schooling.In order to help them in this big step it is necessary the creationof support models, result of the collaboration between primary and postprimary levels in schoolsCareer Related Learning in Primary Schools.Career-related learning helps children to understand the world of work.
  11. 11. Recent invastigations are determining the need to include career-relatedlearning in the primary curriculum. This innovation will have many benefitsfor children, as the help in childrens self development, and in theirpreparation for the adult working life.Guidance in Post Primary SchoolsGuidance is a universal entitlement in post primary schools. Each school isgranted an additional teaching resource by the Department of Educationand Skills for guidance purposes.The Whole School Guidance Planning.This Programme includes guidance counsellors working in post primaryschools with the knowledge and skills that are required to undertake theguidance planning process, rather than providing schools with a genericguidance plan. This takes into account the uniqueness of each school andthe context in which the guidance counsellor acts.Guidance in Higher EducationAll of the Universities and most of the Institutes of Technology (IoT)offer a careers service to students. This carrer education has beenprovided mostly for final year students and recent graduates. However,some universities have started to provide this help to undergraduatedcourses. The Careers Advisory/Appointments Office provides informationon educational and employment opportunities to students andgraduates. Students can meet with a Careers Adviser for educational andcareer guidance.Adult Educational Guidance Initiative (AEGI)The AEGI offers a guidance service to adults which includes impartial adulteducation information, one-to-one guidance and group guidance, whichwillhelp people to make informed educational, career and life choices. COUNSELLING VIA INTERNETThe online counselling has alredy being used. The idea of providingcounselling services via the internet is becoming a more accepted mode ofsupport. Nowadays, if we search in the net, we will find many organisationsthat provide the help for guidance needers .Normally, people who try to contact a counsellor via internet are moreneeded of help
  12. 12. Kids Help Line provides web counselling to supplement their nationaltelephone counselling service. Benefits of providing online counsellingthrough the school website: • The school counsellor has knowledge of the local community & howservices can be accessed • The school counsellor is identifiable to students and is thereby notseen as a total stranger • The service can provide students with a sense of anonymity through a‘one step removed’ effect • Students tend to perceive the counselling relationship as a morebalanced interaction thereby being more conducive for student use.