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Human Behaviour In Public Space2

Student presentation at Gerrit Rietveld Academy, for educational purposes.

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Human Behaviour In Public Space2

  1. 1. Human behavior in public space Marieke Gelissen @ GRAC 22-03-2010
  2. 2. Human behavior in public space as an inspiration Marieke Gelissen @ GRAC 22-03-2010
  3. 3. Looking for theory <ul><li>• social psychology how human thoughts, feeling and behavior are influenced by others </li></ul><ul><li>• environmental psychology the relation between environment and human behavior </li></ul><ul><li>• sociology </li></ul><ul><li>• antropology </li></ul>
  4. 4. First impression <ul><li>• these science try to describe human behavior in public space in an objective way </li></ul><ul><li>B= f (P,E) </li></ul><ul><li>• they focus mainly on what patterns of behavior, on ‘what most people do’ or ‘what people are supposed to do’ </li></ul><ul><li>• this brought me to some observations: </li></ul>
  5. 5. First observations <ul><li>• the way public space is designed, is very directing </li></ul><ul><li>• a lot of public space is reserved for forms of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>• public space is getting more and more designed, it looks as if everyone adds something, but no one deletes things from public space </li></ul>
  6. 6. Overtoom (where I live)
  7. 9. <ul><li>Why do people follow these behavorial rules? </li></ul><ul><li>sociology provides an answer: interest (belang), legitimy (legitimiteit) and force (dwang) </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Essay by Nico Wilterdink - Het Stoplicht / The traffic light </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Sociologists provide interesting observations: </li></ul><ul><li>Research of the speed of people walking revealed that the walking speed had increased in different cities all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Essay by Felix van der Laar - De Fietser / The cyclist </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Artists provide interesting observations </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Alys </li></ul><ul><li>Paulien Oltheten </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Francis Alÿs </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I spend a lot of time walking around the city... The initial concept for a project often emerges during a walk. As an artist, my position is akin to that of a passer-by constantly trying to situate myself in a moving environment. My work is a succession of notes and guides.The invention of a language goes together with the invention of a city. Each of my interventions is another fragment of the story that I am inventing, of the city that I am mapping.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Francis Alÿs </li></ul><ul><li>Zocalo (Mexico City, 1999 collaboration with Rafael Ortega) </li></ul><ul><li>12 hour documentary following the progression of the shadow of the flagpole in the Zocalo (the main square in Mexico City) during the course of a day. It records how arbitrary social encounters can sometimes be perceived as sculptural situations. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Francis Alÿs </li></ul><ul><li>One day, Francis and Cuauhtemoc were walking along chatting in London Hyde Park when Cuauhtemoc suddenly stumbled and fell. That fall also led to a discussion of the ridiculous, laughter and humour, all mixed in with art. This was the starting point for The Last Clown. </li></ul><ul><li>Interview met Francis Alys on The last clown (also showing the video): </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Paulien Oltheten </li></ul><ul><li>The public spaces </li></ul><ul><li>and the street in </li></ul><ul><li>particular </li></ul><ul><li>are her place of work, </li></ul><ul><li>mankind and their </li></ul><ul><li>behaviour her subjects. </li></ul>
  14. 18. My first conclusion Observing human behavior in public space is an inspiring starting point
  15. 19. My second conclusion Instead of focussing on the general patterns it is more interesting to focus on the exception, the individual, the detail.
  16. 20. My third conclusion This requires more awareness of the daily situations you are in and more attention for specific aspects in this situations that may be interesting in relation to your work.
  17. 21. K. Schippers Loosdrecht. Als dit Ierland was, zou ik beter kijken. Loosdrecht. If this were Ireland, I would take a closer look .
  18. 22. To watch, listen or read: Interview met Francis Alys on The last clown (also showing the video): Interviews met Paulien Oltheten in de Avonden: Filmpje van Paulien Oltheten (in which she reacts to a beautifully line made aof leaves) Boek ‘Theorie van de Straat’ , van Paulien Oltheten (Nai, 2007), in te zien en te koop bij galerie Fons Welters. Boek ‘De samenleving ligt op straat’, laagdrempelige (stads)sociologische essays. Het Spinhuis, 2007