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Grounded theory research method


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Grounded theory research method

  1. 1. Grounded Theory
  2. 2. is a qualitative research design in which the inquirer generates a general explanation of a process, action or interaction shaped by the viewsby a largenumberofparticipants. Grounded Theory
  3. 3. Characteristics of a Grounded Theory FIT(Does the theory corresponds to real-worlddata?) UNDERSTANDING(Is the theory clearand understandable?) GENERALITY(Is the theory abstract enough to move beyondthespecificsin the originalresearch study?) CONTROL(Canthe theory beappliedto produce real-world results?)
  4. 4. Approaches SYSTEMATIC APPROACH, seeks to systematically develop a theory that explain process, action or interaction on a topic. CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH, advocates for a social constructivist perspective that includes emphasizing diverse local worlds, multiple realities, and the complexities of particular worlds,viewsandactions.
  5. 5. Nature of Data 1. Data should be best suited to formulate new theory when a theory is notavailable to explain a process. 2. Detailed questionsthatmayhelpto describe the dataneeded: a. Whatwas central to theprocess? b. Whatinfluenced or causedthisphenomenon tooccur? c. Whatstrategies were employed duringthe process? d. Whateffect occurred?
  6. 6. Data Collection Procedures Data may be collected by interview, observation, records, ora combinationof this. Data collection usually results in large amounts of hand- written notes, typed interview transcripts, or video/audio taped conversations that contain multiple pieces of data to be sorted and analyzed. This process is initiated by coding and categorizing thedata.
  7. 7. Method of Analysis 1. Open Coding: data are deconstructed into the simplest form possible,examinedfor commonalitiesandsortedintocategories. 2. Axial Coding: data are reassembled based on logical connections between categories. 3. Selective Coding: the “core” category is determined and the relationships between it and secondary categories are posited. Core andsecondary category relationshipare later validated.
  8. 8. CodingParadigm or LogicDiagram Central Phenomenon CasualConditions InterveningConditions Consequences