What is Social Research? August 31st
We are all social researchers
Social Science <ul><li>Social science research = gathers evidence about some aspect of social life </li></ul><ul><li>Econo...
But… <ul><li>Social researchers are not the only ones that gather evidence about social life </li></ul>
Voting and Genes <ul><li>Does genetic variation affect voting levels? </li></ul><ul><li>How would a journalist address thi...
What Makes Social Science Distinct?
Address socially significant phenomena <ul><li>Common/uncommon acts across large or relevant populations </li></ul><ul><li...
Is it Relevant to social theory? <ul><li>A set of ideas that pertain to a specific phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Refined thr...
incorporating large amounts of evidence, purposefully collected <ul><li>In-depth information about small number of cases <...
Systematic analysis of evidence <ul><li>Journalists tell about a handful of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Validity and reliabili...
Let’s look at the study Fowler, James H., Baker, Laura A. and Dawes, Christopher T., &quot;The Genetic Basis of Political ...
<ul><li>The decision to vote has puzzled scholars for decades. theoretical models predict little or no participation in la...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

8 31 What Is Social Research

820 views

Published on

Published in: Business, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
820
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
36
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
44
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

8 31 What Is Social Research

  1. 1. What is Social Research? August 31st
  2. 2. We are all social researchers
  3. 3. Social Science <ul><li>Social science research = gathers evidence about some aspect of social life </li></ul><ul><li>Economists – the market </li></ul><ul><li>Antrhopologists – culture </li></ul><ul><li>Geographers – physical space </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists – society </li></ul><ul><li>Political scientists – power </li></ul>
  4. 4. But… <ul><li>Social researchers are not the only ones that gather evidence about social life </li></ul>
  5. 5. Voting and Genes <ul><li>Does genetic variation affect voting levels? </li></ul><ul><li>How would a journalist address this question? </li></ul><ul><li>A filmmaker? </li></ul><ul><li>A novelist? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Makes Social Science Distinct?
  7. 7. Address socially significant phenomena <ul><li>Common/uncommon acts across large or relevant populations </li></ul><ul><li>Helps us better understand a phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Does the genetics/voting question qualify? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Is it Relevant to social theory? <ul><li>A set of ideas that pertain to a specific phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Refined through evidence and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Does the genetics/voting question qualify? </li></ul>
  9. 9. incorporating large amounts of evidence, purposefully collected <ul><li>In-depth information about small number of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Limited information about a large number of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Does the genetics/voting question qualify? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Systematic analysis of evidence <ul><li>Journalists tell about a handful of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Validity and reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Does the genetics/voting question qualify? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Let’s look at the study Fowler, James H., Baker, Laura A. and Dawes, Christopher T., &quot;The Genetic Basis of Political Participation&quot; (July 2007). Available at SSRN: http:// ssrn.com /abstract=1008036
  12. 12. <ul><li>The decision to vote has puzzled scholars for decades. theoretical models predict little or no participation in large population elections and empirical models have typically explained only a relatively small portion of individual-level variance in turnout behavior. However, these models have not considered the influence of genetic variation on voting. Matching public voter turnout records in Los Angeles to a twin registry, we study the heritability of political behavior in monozygotic and dizygotic twins. The results show that the decision to vote is significantly influenced by genetic factors. We also replicate these results with data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and show that they extend to a broad class of acts of political participation. Our findings suggest that humans exhibit genetic variation in their tendency to participate in political activities and, more importantly, that biological evolution may play an important role in the development of mechanisms that help humans overcome social dilemmas. </li></ul>

×