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Kingdom animalia


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kingdom animalia

Published in: Science
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Kingdom animalia

  2. 2. CHARACTERISTICS  Far more diverse than Kingdom Plantae  Consist of the most complex organisms consisting of about 2 million species  Heterotrophic, multicellular eukaryotes belongs to this kingdom  Vary in size – ranging from microscopic to the most gigantic creatures
  3. 3. Kingdom Animalia are divided into 2 groups 1. Vertebrates - animals with backbones 2. Invertebrates - animal without backbone
  4. 4. VERTEBRATES 1. MAMMALS - covered with hair and they have mammary glands - these gland secrete milk of females who have just delivered their young - warm-blooded animals Ex. Cats, dogs, goat, whales and dolphins
  5. 5. MAMMALS
  6. 6. VERTEBRATES 2. BIRDS -feathers cover their body - they have beaks or bill which they used to get food - they have a pair of wings that enable them to fly - they are also warm blooded animals that lay eggs from which their young is hatched
  7. 7. BIRDS
  8. 8. VERTEBRATES 3. REPTILES -they have thick, dry scales that cover the bodies of reptiles to prevent the excessive loss of water - they are cold blooded animals - some have four legs, while others have no legs at all
  9. 9. REPTILES
  10. 10. VERTEBRATES 4. AMPHIBIANS - live in water during the early stage of their life and begin to stay on land where they can get enough food - body is covered by a thin, flexible and usually moist skin - their eggs are fertilized externally
  11. 11. AMPHIBIANS
  12. 12. VERTEBRATES 5. FISHES - they have scales as body covering and they breathe through the gills - they also have lungs for breathing - bangus, lapu-lapu and dalagang bukid are all bony fishes - sharks and rays are cartilagenous fishes
  13. 13. FISHES
  14. 14. INVERTEBRATES 1. PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA - marine organisms with spiny skins - from the Greek terms echinos (meaning hedgehog) and derma (meaning skin) - the tube feet and system of canals in the body that serves as a channel for sucking in the sea water to obtain nutrients and for vomiting sea water
  17. 17. INVERTEBRATES 2. PHYLUM ARTHOPODA - they have a pair of 3 or more jointed legs - from the Greek term arthron ( meaning joint) and podus (meaning foot) - they have an exoskeleton or hard outer body covering made up of chitin - the largest phylum in kingdom Animalia
  18. 18. ARTHROPODS
  19. 19. INVERTEBRATES 3. PHYLUM MOLLUSKA -they have soft body - from Latin term mollis, which means soft - most have protective shells as the outer covering
  20. 20. MOLLUSKS
  21. 21. INVERTEBRATES 4. PHYLUM ANNELIDA -characterized by ringlike body parts - they are worms with segmented body - they have a mouth at the front and anus at the tail end of their bodies - they have hearts and blood vessels that constitute a circulatory system
  22. 22. ANNELIDS
  23. 23. INVERTEBRATES 5. PHYLUM NEMATODA - roundworms are cylindrical worms with a finely tapered tail - the body is covered with a tough, non living skin that resist drying and crushing
  24. 24. INVERTEBRATES 6. PHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES - the simplest worm - some of them are free living while others are parasitic, living in the bodies of animals including humans
  25. 25. FLATWORMS
  26. 26. INVERTEBRATES 7. PHYLUM CNIDARIA - posses stinging structures called nematocysts in their tentacles - characterized by a hallow, tube like bodies, with a mouth at the end
  27. 27. CNIDARIANS
  28. 28. INVERTEBRATES 8. PHYLUM PORIFERA - pore-bearing organisms - they may live singly or in colonies - they eat by allowing water to flow through their bodies and trapping small organisms in the water using their specialized cells
  29. 29. PORIFERANS