Countries and nationalities


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Conteúdos estudados pelos 2º e 3º anos

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Countries and nationalities

  1. 1. Country NationalityAfghanistan an AfghanAlbania an AlbanianAlgeria an AlgerianAndorra an AndorranAngola an AngolanArgentina an ArgentinianArmenia an ArmenianAustralia an AustralianAustria an AustrianAzerbaijan an AzerbaijaniBahamas a BahamianBahrain a BahrainiBangladesh a BangladeshiBarbados a BarbadianBelarus a Belorussian or a ByelorussianBelgium a BelgianBelize a BelizianBenin a BenineseBhutan a BhutaneseBolivia a BolivianBosnia-Herzegovina a BosnianBotswana a TswanaBrazil a BrazilianBritain a BritonBrunei a BruneianBulgaria a BulgarianBurkina a BurkineseBurma (official a BurmesenameMyanmar)Burundi a Burundian
  2. 2. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE1 ) AT - IN - ONGeneral Information:AT ONWe use at for a point: We use on for a surface:at the window - at the entrance - on the wall - on the ceiling - on the floor -at the door on a pageat the end of the street - at the on a coverstation - at the topBill is waiting for you at the bus Have you seen the notice on the noticestop. board?INWe use in for an enclosedspace:in the garden - in the house - inLondon - in the waterin her bag - in a row - in a townThere is nobody in the room. Shelives in a small village.Special Information:AT 2. We say at with buildings when we1. We say that someone is at say where the event (film,an event: concert,...) takes place:at a party - at a pop concert - at Where were you yesterday? At thea conference - at a meeting cinema. The meeting took place at theTom is at a party. headquarters. 4. We say at for a place which is a part3. We say at someones house: of our journey:We were at Bills house last We stopped at a very nice village. DoesThursday. the train stop at Nashville?ON 2. We say that a place is on the coast /1. We use on with small islands: on a river / on a road:
  3. 3. She spent her holiday on a small London is on the river Thames.island. Portsmouth is on the south coast of England.IN1. We say in when we talk 2. We usually say in with towns andabout a building itself. villages:The rooms of Toms house are His parents live in York.small. Note these expressions:ATat home - at work - at school - at university - at college - at the station - atan airport - at the seaside - at sea (on a voyage) - at reception - at thecorner of a street - at the back / front of a building / cinema / group ofpeople, etc. - arrive at with other places or eventsINin the newspaper - in bed - in hospital - in prison - in the street - in the sky -in an armchair (sit) - in a photograph - in a picture - in a mirror - in thecorner of a room - in the back / front of a car - arrive in a country or townONon a farm - on the left - on the right - on the ground floor - on the first,second,... floor - on the way - on the chair (sit) - on the radio - on television- on a horse - on the corner of a street - on the back / front of a letter /piece of paper etc.
  5. 5. My house is very small but very comfortable. I love to receive my friends there and we always gettogether on Saturdays. We like to watch movies and play cards.(Minha casa é muito pequena, mas muitoconfortável. Eu amo receber meus amigos lá e nós geralmente nos reunimos aos sábados. Nósgostamos de assistir filmes e jogar baralho).Parts of the house – partes da casaBasement – porãoBathroom – banheiroBedroom – quartoDining room – sala de jantarHallway – corredorGarage – garagemGarden – jardimKitchen – cozinhaLiving room – sala de estarLibrary – bibliotecaYard – quintalEx.:My bedroom is blue. There is a double bed on it. (Meu quarto é azul. Tem uma cama de casal nele).My attic is very neat. I generally use a ladder when I have to go there. (Meu sótão é muito organizado.Eu geralmente uso uma escada quando tenho que ir até lá).I bought a beautiful couch to put on my living room. (Eu comprei um sofá lindo para colocar na minhasala de estar).My kitchen is very clean. I always prepare a lot of delicious dishes there. (Minha cozinha é muito limpa.Eu geralmente preparo deliciosos pratos lá).On my bathroom there is a big bathtub. I love to take a bath when I am very tired. (No meu banheiro háuma banheira grande. Eu amo tomar banho de banheira quando eu estou muito cansada).There is no basement on my house. (Não há nenhum porão na minha casa).I am planning to build a library on my house. I need a calm place to study and to put all my books. (Euestou planejando construir uma biblioteca na minha casa. Eu preciso de um lugar tranquilo para estudare para colocar todos os meus livros). THERE IS/THERE ARE forma forma exemplos significados longa contraídathere is there’s There is Há um homem no carro. a man in the car.há, existe
  6. 6. There’s a fly in your soup. Há uma mosca na sua sopa. There is Há uma loja nova aqui. a new store here. There are 40 students in my class. Há 40 alunos na minha classe.there are There are — Há dois cães na casa. two dogs in the house.há, existe Há 10 pessoas na família. There are 10 people in the family. Veja que em português falamos na conversa de todo dia “Tem um homem no carro” ou “Tem 40 alunos na minha classe” ao invés de usar há. No inglês, não se usa o verbo have (ter) para isso.There is a man in the car. e não Has a man in the car.There are 40 students in my class. e não Have 40 students in my class. Veja como fica a negativa de there is e there are: negativa negativa negativa afirmativa (forma (forma (forma longa) contraída) contraída) There is There is not There’s not There isn’t There are There are not — There aren’t Alguns exemplos: afirmativa negativa There is not There is a man in the car. a man in the car. [Não há um homem no carro.] There’s not There’s a fly in your soup. a fly in your soup. [Não há uma mosca na sua sopa.] There isn’t There is a new store here. a new store here. [Não há uma loja nova aqui.] There are There are not 40 students in my class.
  7. 7. 40 students in my class. [Não há 40 alunos na minha classe.] There aren’t There are two dogs in the house. two dogs in the house [Não há dois cachorros na casa.] There aren’t There are 10 people in the family. 10 people in the family. [Não há 10 pessoas na família.] Usa-se there isn’t any ou there aren’t any para se dizer não há ‘nenhum’. Veja os exemplos:There isn’t any milk in the refrigerator [Não há (nenhum) leite na geladeira]There aren’t any apples in the basket [Não há nenhuma maçã no cesto]