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Music 4 - Rondalla

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  1. 1. The rondalla was brought to the Philippines by the Spaniards. In the early Philippines, certain styles were adopted by the natives, especially guitar and banduria used in the Pandanggo, the Jota, and the Polka.
  2. 2. The use of the term comparza was common, however, during the American period in the Philippines, the term rondalla became more used. At present, rondalla, in the Philippines, refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using the plectrum or pick. The Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood and the plectrum, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell.
  3. 3. Other stringed instruments composing the standard Filipino rondalla are the bandurria, the laúd, the octavina, the Twelve-string guitar, the Ukulele, the bajo de uñas or double bass, the Guitarrón mexicano.
  4. 4. Other Filipino-made instruments modeled and developed after the guitar. The Philippine rondalla’s repertoire include folk songs such as the collar de sampaguita, la bella filipina, No te vayas a Zamboanga, Balitaw, the Kundiman, the "Zarzuela", the "Subli", the "Harana", the "Tinikling", and the "Cariñosa".
  5. 5. four types: 1. groups of young men who played and sang regularly in front of homes, 2. bands of musicians known as murza or murga who begged for alms, 3. a group of musicians known as comparza who played on stage 4. groups of university musicians known as estudiantina, dubbed “tuna”.
  6. 6. RONDALLA – is the traditional Philippine string ensemble. Rondalla musicians provide music for Philippine folk dances, fiestas, and weddings.
  7. 7. 14 stringed consisting of six sets of strings tuned in the intervals of fourths.
  8. 8. It has helped preserve traditional Filipino lullabies, love songs, “haranas” (serenades) and other folk melodies.
  9. 9. Octavina
  10. 10. Laud
  11. 11. Guitar
  12. 12. Double bass