UCA - Accessibility and Using Technology in your Teaching by Maria Tannant


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Making course material accessible and inclusive to students

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  • Spend 5 minutes at the end of each video discussing key elements From where I sit series: http://teachingcommons.cdl.edu/access/materials/fwis.shtml http://teachingcommons.cdl.edu/access/materials/Tiago_Story.shtml http://teachingcommons.cdl.edu/access/materials/LanaStory.shtml http://www.assistiveware.com/videos.php?video=Giesbert&format=mp4
  • My laptop is set to speak with command
  • My laptop is set to speak with command + z
  • My laptop is set to speak with command + z
  • My laptop is set to speak with command + z
  • My laptop is set to speak with command + z
  • Download the template from the unit and follow the instructions.
  • UCA - Accessibility and Using Technology in your Teaching by Maria Tannant

    1. 1. cover image: Chloe Knight – Foundationaccessibility and technology accessibility and technology
    2. 2. Today’s Session - Accessibility & UCA students - Video case studies - Mac’s built in assistive technology (AT) - Web browsers built-in software - Preparing resources to work with ATs - Creating accessible PDFs – hands-on - Group activityaccessibility and technology
    3. 3. Learning outcomes• Gaining a deeper understanding of how students rely on accessible resources for their learning• Understanding how assistive technology works with accessible documents and online resourcesaccessibility and technology
    4. 4. The student landscape• Around 20% of students at UCA have a declared disability - 1 in 5 students• 68% of these disabilities have been diagnosed as Specific Learning Difficulties• Not all students disclose their disabilityaccessibility and technology
    5. 5. Disability Types at UCA Not in contact In contact StudentsA Disability not listed 47% 53% 19Blind/partial sight 36% 64% 11Deaf or serious hearing impairment 40% 60% 30Long standing illness or health condition 54% 46% 65Mental health condition 40% 60% 80Other disability, impairment or medical condition 28% 72% 46Physical impairment or mobility issues 0% 100% 4Social/Communication impairment 13% 88% 40Specific learning difficulty 21% 79% 839Two or more impairments or disabling conditions 11% 89% 46Unseen disability 39% 61% 28Wheelchair/mobility 15% 85% 13 TOTAL students 1,221 Data from UCA Disability Team annual monitoring 2009/10accessibility and technology
    6. 6. Case studies 1 Tiago: Learning Difficulty 2 Lana: Visual Impairment 3 Giesbert: Motor disabilityaccessibility and technology
    7. 7. Mac accessibility in system preferences Speech • Speech Recognition • Text to Speech Universal Access • Seeing • Hearing • Keyboard • Track & Mousepadaccessibility and technology
    8. 8. Mac – speech recognition Speech Recognition This allows you to verbally instruct your computer to action some common commands – see below.accessibility and technology
    9. 9. Mac – text to speech Text to Speech allows your computer to: •announce when alerts are displayed •announce when an application requires your attention •Speak selected text when the key is selectedaccessibility and technology
    10. 10. Mac – universal access: seeing VoiceOver •You will hear a description of what on your screen Zoom •This works in all programs unlike just cmd+ Display •Changes colour and contractaccessibility and technology
    11. 11. Mac – universal access: hearing • An option to allow the screen to flash when an alert sound occurs. • Adjust the volume to activate the flash.accessibility and technology
    12. 12. Mac – universal access: keyboard • For difficulties pressing more than one key at a time. It treats a sequence of modifier keys as a key combination. • For difficulties with initial or repeated keystrokes. It puts a delay between when the key is pressed and when it is accepted.accessibility and technology
    13. 13. Mac – universal access: mouse & trackpad • For difficulties using the mouse. Use the keyboard place of the mouse. • For difficulties seeing the mouse, increase the cursor size.accessibility and technology
    14. 14. Mac – onscreen keyboard • Click the flag in the top right desktop menu and select Show Keyboard Viewer • A keyboard will then appear on your screen whereby you will then have the choice of using the onscreen keyboard or your computer’s.accessibility and technology
    15. 15. Safari web browser speechSelect text to be spokenRight click mouseSelect Speech > Start Speakingaccessibility and technology
    16. 16. Firefox web browser speechSelect text to be spokenSelect Firefox from top menuSelect Services > Speech > Start Speaking Textaccessibility and technology
    17. 17. Chrome web browser speechSelect text to be spokenSelect Chrome from top menuSelect Services > Speech > Start Speaking Textaccessibility and technology
    18. 18. Documents and assistive technologies10 essential rules when creating documents• Always use heading styles to structure documents• Make headings contextual and meaningful• Avoid long paragraphs• Use bullet lists instead of paragraphs where appropriate• Use descriptive text for links – click here is useless to ATs• Provide alternative labels for images• Ensure text has sufficient contrast with the page• Use page styling instead of tabs to give page space• Embedded sound files will require a transcript• Graphic text will NOT work with text-to-speech ATsaccessibility and technology
    19. 19. Creating accessible PDFsPDFs are not the most accessible format for ATsNewer versions of word provide built-in accessibility but olderversions of word (Mac 2008 for example), you will not be able tocreate accessible PDFs, they will need doctoring in Acrobat Pro 9or later to make them accessible. This will often include:1.Creating PDF tags to give the document a reading order2.Giving images alternative descriptions3.Marking page decoration (horizontal lines etc) as artifact4.Setting the language specification5.Words for Windows will have better ability to create PDFs.accessibility and technology
    20. 20. Creating accessible PDFs… …Live Demo and Hands-Onaccessibility and technology
    21. 21. Group activity…Make up 4 groups, spend 15 mins discussing ways you can makeyour teaching inclusive to accommodate one of the abovedisabilities. Create a checklist and select a speaker to present yourfindings for collective discussion.accessibility and technology
    22. 22. Usability and accessibilityFinally…‘To assume accessibility equates to usability is the equivalent of saying that broadcasting equates to effective communication.’Powlik, J. J. and Karshmer, A. I. (2002) When accessibility meetsusability. Universal Access in the Information Society, 1, 217–222.accessibility and technology
    23. 23. References & further informationCase Studies:From where I sit series - California State UniversityAssistiveWare videos - on computer accessibilityALERT Accessibility Project - Durham University & Bournemouth UniversityMy Web my way - BBCGuildlines & Resources:My Web my way guides - BBCW3C Web Accessibility Initiative - W3CAccessible Teaching Techniques - TechDisWeb Page Accessibility Guidelines - Durham UniversityAssistive Technologies – Learning Environments & Materials - Open UniversitySimulations, Evaluation Tools and More - WebAIMPDFs and making them accessible - Adobe AcrobatGuidelines for Making Web Content Accessible to All Users - EducauseLegislation:Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 - (SENDA)Equality Act 2010 – Gov.UKaccessibility and technology