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Gestures and body language


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Gestures and body language

  2. 2. A gesture is a form of non verbal communication made with part of the body, used instead of or in combination with verbal communication. The language of gesture allows individuals to express a variety of feelings and thoughts, from contempt and hostility to approval and affection. In speech, gestures are purposive movements of some parts of the body. They are made principally by movements of head, shoulders, arms, and occasionally, feet.
  3. 3. GESTURES ARE CLASSIFIED IN VARIOUS WAY; • Descriptive gestures. They are gestures which aid words in describing anything. • Suggestive gestures. Are representative or figurative rather than literal. These gestures are used suggestively to show your mood. • Locative gestures it points to place, position, or direction. • Emphatic gestures are used when words or ideas need to be stressed or reinforced. • Dramatic or imitative gestures convey impersonation of another person’s action or “acting out” part of a narrative.
  5. 5. Communication involves more than just words. Bodily motions, eye contact and even non verbal sounds are also used when we speak. The way we stand, or sit or walk, the very positioning of our body can speak loudly for or against us whenever we communicate. Our facial expression, for instance, actually backs up whatever we are saying. Body language, as long as it is in full harmony with our ideas, does not merely help rather it makes intentions clearer in our speeches. It also adds richness and personal intensity to the very expression of those thoughts and feelings we are trying to communicate.
  6. 6. THE FACIAL EXPRESSION • Audience look at the speaker’s face. Face reflects what is in the heart of the person and it is in the face that the audience could read what emotion the speaker conveys. The face should correspond to the message. If the speaker is talking about happy moments, smiles should be shown. If he speaks sorrowful events, it must be shown in his face as sad; otherwise, his message could not touch the listeners. • Facial expression should reflect the speaker’s thinking and emotional attitudes. The facial muscles should be flexible permitting expressions of the speaker in varying moods. Like everything else a speaker does, his facial expression can be a great aid in reinforcing and clarifying meaning, conveying moods, and giving emphasis.
  7. 7. Happy Different Types of Facial Expressions It is an expression that always cheers everyone around, and is globally recognized. It depicts various kinds of positive temperaments/moods, like enjoyment, pleasure, satisfaction, friendliness, etc.
  8. 8. Surprised Usually, the surprised expression is exaggerated. Widened eyes, gaping mouth, raised eyebrows, lowered chin, and head held back.
  9. 9. It is an expression which is totally opposite to happiness, and depicts negative moods, like when you lose something very precious, or if you are disappointed. Sad
  10. 10. Confused This is one expression in which all parts of the face contribute equally towards the overall look, to show a sign of disorientation or confusion.
  11. 11. Angry This expression can depict various messages about an enemy, aggression, attack, etc. The feeling of anger needs to be clearly visible on the face.
  12. 12. POSTURE
  13. 13. Posture may be described as how the speaker stands and moves around. Posture could be an indicator of speaker’s confidence or lack of it. A good posture could command respect from the audience but an awkward one would make the listeners uneasy. The proper posture for the speaker is one that gives him the feeling of relation and makes him appear controlled, self- possessed, at ease, with reserved energy at his fingertips, and in command both of himself and the speaking situation. Such a posture provides a base for effective movement and gestures. The body should be erect without exaggerated stiffness. The speaker should not be like a soldier-at-attention. Relaxness gives a feeling of comfort, but one must not be too relaxed as to appear that he would collapse. The arms should hang naturally at the sides, except when they are used for gesticulation. The speaker may grasp the lectern with his hands. The hands positions, however should be varied periodically, and no one position may be maintained for an extended period.
  14. 14. MOVEMENT • Bodily movement refers to total body movement as the speakers shifts from one position to another. It helps to catch the attention of the audience in conveying concrete meaning to the message. • A speaker who stays in just one place would appear stiff. It would create uneasiness to the audience and himself . But the one who moves about from time to time would make the atmosphere relax. However movements must be done according to the idea of his message and not mechanically.
  15. 15. HAND GESTURES In ordinary conversation, we could not help but to sway our hands for demonstration of our idea. This is more true in public speaking. Hand gestures are a complement for the demonstration of speaker’s idea. Some conventional gestures have acquired almost universal meaning like the victory signs and thumbs up. Other like pointing, clinching fist, open palm, and others have several meanings which depend on the context of the speaker.
  16. 16. Example of hand gestures Raise your index and middle fingers, and separate them so as to form the alphabet "V". Show it to people with your palm facing outwards, and you are showing them the sign of victory. This gesture was used widely at the time of WWII, in order to symbolize "V for Victory".
  17. 17. Raise your hand, and touch the tip of your index finger to the tip of your thumb to form a circular shape. Hold the remaining three fingers straight. This gesture signals the word okay, which means that everything is fine. Okay or A-oK
  18. 18. Hold your hand upright, with the back of your palm facing inwards. This hand gesture indicates that you want someone to stop or stay wherever he/she is. Stop or Stay
  19. 19. This is one of the most popular hand gestures, used almost all over the world. When we cross the middle finger of either of our hands over the index finger of the same hand, this sign is formed. We keep our fingers crossed when we hope something good to happen, or even to nullify a promise. Crossed Fingers
  20. 20. Pointing gesture may mean direction, locating a place or a thing, or directing the audience attention to something. You may point in front of you, behind you, to your left or right as you deem appropriate. Let your audience “see” the idea or thing you are talking about.
  21. 21. •Open palms may mean giving or receiving. This is the gestures that indicates friendly relations, exchange, receiving, or presenting. but an open palm pointed to the audience, may mean stop, dislike, back off, rejecting.
  22. 22. •Clasped hands may mean peace, prayer or request, but a single hand in oblique position may mean division or separation.
  23. 23. Fist hand has the most numerous and various meaning. It may be an act of triumph, determination, threatening, militant, strength, or emphasis. It will only be clear on the context of speech.
  24. 24. REFERENCES: FUNDAMENTALS OF EFFECTIVE SPEECH AND ORAL COMMUNICATION -AUTHOR: Edwin V. Tendero; Maria Teresa M. Antonio; Hemmady S. Mora; Natalia C. Tanuecoz; Emma S. Babia; elise Jane B. Cruz. And Philippine copyright © 2009 By Mutya Publishing house, Inc 105 Eng. Road, Araneta university Village, Potreto, Malabon City Tel Nos. (02) 365.3405.365.3239/Fax no. (02) 448.1114 : :: ::