Modals 212

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Using modal verbs correctly

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  • Modals 212

    1. 1. Modal Forms
    2. 2. Modal Forms
    3. 3. Modal FormsModal auxiliaries, also known as modals, are special verbs usedin conjunction with other verbs to express a particular mood.
    4. 4. Modal FormsModal auxiliaries, also known as modals, are special verbs usedin conjunction with other verbs to express a particular mood.Remember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    5. 5. Modal FormsModal auxiliaries, also known as modals, are special verbs usedin conjunction with other verbs to express a particular mood.Remember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    6. 6. Modal FormsModal auxiliaries, also known as modals, are special verbs usedin conjunction with other verbs to express a particular mood. Jane helps peopleRemember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    7. 7. Modal FormsModal auxiliaries, also known as modals, are special verbs usedin conjunction with other verbs to express a particular mood. Jane helps peopleRemember that modals have no third-person singular form. Jane can help you.
    8. 8. Function of modals
    9. 9. Function of modals1) Ability (can)
    10. 10. Function of modals1) Ability (can)2) Advisability (should)
    11. 11. Function of modals1) Ability (can)2) Advisability (should)3) Obligation (must, have to)
    12. 12. Function of modals1) Ability (can)2) Advisability (should)3) Obligation (must, have to)4)Possibility (may, might, could)
    13. 13. Function of modals1) Ability (can)2) Advisability (should)3) Obligation (must, have to)4)Possibility (may, might, could)5) Logical conclusion (must)
    14. 14. Function of modals1) Ability (can)2) Advisability (should)3) Obligation (must, have to)4)Possibility (may, might, could)5) Logical conclusion (must)6) Preference (would rather)
    15. 15. Function of modals1) Ability (can) Although have to is2) Advisability (should) not a modal auxiliary, it is3) Obligation (must, have to) included on this list because it functions like a modal and has4)Possibility (may, might, could) the same meaning as must. Have to becomes has to in5) Logical conclusion (must) the third person6) Preference (would rather)
    16. 16. 1. Ability (can)Example Past form
    17. 17. 1. Ability (can) Example Past formShe can speak English very well.
    18. 18. 1. Ability (can) Example Past form I could speak English muchShe can speak English very better when I was in high- well. school.
    19. 19. 2. Advisability (should, could) Example Past form
    20. 20. 2. Advisability (should, could) Example Past formShe should pay.
    21. 21. 2. Advisability (should, could) Example Past formShe should pay. She should have paid.
    22. 22. 2. Advisability (should, could) Example Past form She should pay. She should have paid.You could study harder=You should study harder.
    23. 23. 2. Advisability (should, could) Example Past form She should pay. She should have paid.You could study harder= Could can also be usedYou should study harder. to make suggestions.
    24. 24. 3. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form
    25. 25. 3. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past formHelen must (has to) see a doctor right away.
    26. 26. 3. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form Helen had to see aHelen must (has to) see doctor last night a doctor right away. because she was having difficulty breathing.
    27. 27. 3. Obligation (must,have to ) Example had to Only Past form can be used in the past to express Helen had to see a obligationHelen must (has to) see doctor last night a doctor right away. because she was having difficulty breathing.
    28. 28. 3. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form Helen had to see aHelen must (has to) see doctor last night a doctor right away. because she was having difficulty breathing.
    29. 29. 3. Obligation (must,have to )Do not use must not to express lack of obligation: He must not does not have to speak. Example Past form Helen had to see aHelen must (has to) see doctor last night a doctor right away. because she was having difficulty breathing.
    30. 30. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form
    31. 31. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form It may be sunny.
    32. 32. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form It may be sunny. It might rain.
    33. 33. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form It may be sunny. It might rain. It could snow.
    34. 34. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form She may have remembered. It may be sunny. It might rain. It could snow.
    35. 35. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form She may have remembered. It may be sunny. He might have had an It might rain. accident. It could snow.
    36. 36. 4. Possibility(may, might, could) Example Past form She may have remembered. It may be sunny. He might have had an It might rain. accident. It could snow. He could have prevented the accident.
    37. 37. 4. Possibility(may, might, could)Do not use may in the interrogative to express possibility: May Might/could it rain? Example Past form She may have remembered. It may be sunny. He might have had an It might rain. accident. It could snow. He could have prevented the accident.
    38. 38. 5.Logical conclusion (must)Example Past form
    39. 39. 5.Logical conclusion (must) Example Past formThat must be Carol at the door.
    40. 40. 5.Logical conclusion (must) Example Past formThat must be Carol at the He must have been door. sick.
    41. 41. 5.Logical conclusion (must) Example Past formThat must be Carol at the He must have been door. sick. You must be kidding me!
    42. 42. 5.Logical conclusion (must) Example Past formThat must be Carol at the He must have been door. sick. She must have been You must be kidding very beautiful when she me! was young.
    43. 43. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past form
    44. 44. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past formI would rather be tall than short.
    45. 45. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past form I would rather haveI would rather be tall than been poor and healthy short. than rich and sick when I was a child.
    46. 46. Requests (may,might would,could,can)Example (I) Example (You)
    47. 47. Requests (may,might would,could,can) Example (I) Example (You)May I help you? (formal)
    48. 48. Requests (may,might would,could,can) Example (I) Example (You)May I help you? (formal) Might I be excused?
    49. 49. Requests (may,might would,could,can) Example (I) Example (You)May I help you? (formal) Might I be excused?Could I go? (yes you may)
    50. 50. Requests (may,might would,could,can) Example (I) Example (You)May I help you? (formal) Might I be excused?Could I go? (yes you may) Can I have some help? (informal)
    51. 51. Requests (may,might would,could,can) Example (I) Example (You)May I help you? (formal) Would you explain this Might I be excused? to me?Could I go? (yes you may) Could you pass the Can I have some help? butter? (informal)
    52. 52. Conditionals
    53. 53. ConditionalsA conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.
    54. 54. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows:
    55. 55. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional
    56. 56. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional
    57. 57. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable.
    58. 58. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional
    59. 59. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional
    60. 60. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional The action in the if clause is improbable or imaginary.
    61. 61. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional The action in the if clause is improbable or imaginary. 3. Past unreal conditional
    62. 62. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional The action in the if clause is improbable or imaginary. 3. Past unreal conditional
    63. 63. Conditionals A conditional has an “if-clause” and a “result clause”.The most common conditionals can be classified as follows: 1. Present real conditional The action in the if clause is quite probable. 2. Present unreal conditional The action in the if clause is improbable or imaginary. 3. Past unreal conditional The situation is purely hypothetical.
    64. 64. Conditionals

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