ADOLESCENT HEALTH RISK BEHAVIOR

2,392 views

Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,392
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
29
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
48
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ADOLESCENT HEALTH RISK BEHAVIOR

  1. 1. Adolescent Health Risk Behavior PART 1
  2. 3. “ The children now love luxury; they have bad manners, contempt for authority; they allow disrespect for elders and love chatter in place of exercise. Children now are tyrants, not the servants of their households. They no longer rise when elders enter the room. They contradict their parents, chatter before company, gobble up dainties at the table, cross their legs, and tyrannize their teachers.” Socrates
  3. 6. Leading causes of death US population, 15-19 years, 1999 <ul><li>Rank Cause # deaths % of total </li></ul><ul><li>1st unintentional injury 6,688 48.5 </li></ul><ul><li>2nd homicide 2,903 15.2 </li></ul><ul><li>3rd suicide 1,615 11.7 </li></ul><ul><li>4th malignancy 745 5.4 </li></ul><ul><li>5th heart disease 463 3.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Ref: CDC - NCHS </li></ul>
  4. 7. Motor vehicle crash fatalities <ul><li>42,000 Americans killed in MVCs in 1999, including 5586 teenagers and 2055 children </li></ul><ul><li>driver inexperience </li></ul><ul><li>speeding </li></ul><ul><li>non-use of safety belts - 14.1% rarely or never wear seat belts [YRBS 2001] </li></ul><ul><li>driving older vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>alcohol use </li></ul>
  5. 9. Alcohol and Adolescent Mortality <ul><li>“ Postmortem studies show that 45% - 50% of adolescent victims of violent death had been drinking alcohol before their death.” </li></ul><ul><li>motor vehicle crashes: driver, passenger, pedestrian, motorcycle, ATV, PWC, snowmobiles </li></ul><ul><li>unintentional injury: drowning, fire, falls </li></ul><ul><li>homicide </li></ul><ul><li>suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Ref: J Stud Alcohol 1985;46:228-231 </li></ul>
  6. 11. Scope of the Problem <ul><li>Prevalence of alcohol use: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Had 5 or more drinks in a row in the last 2 weeks.” </li></ul><ul><li>8th grade: 13% </li></ul><ul><li>10th grade: 25% </li></ul><ul><li>12th grade: 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Monitoring the Future Study: 2001 data </li></ul>
  7. 12. Alcohol: Binge Drinking
  8. 13. Scope of the Problem <ul><li>Drinking and driving: </li></ul><ul><li>Rode Drove </li></ul><ul><li>9th grade: 30% 7% </li></ul><ul><li>10th grade: 31% 10% </li></ul><ul><li>11th grade: 29% 17% </li></ul><ul><li>12th grade: 33% 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: CDC 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey </li></ul>
  9. 14. Scope of the Problem <ul><li>Sexual risk behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Alcohol or drug use at last sexual intercourse, among students currently sexually active.” </li></ul><ul><li>male female </li></ul><ul><li>9th grade: 25% 24% </li></ul><ul><li>10th grade: 21% 36% </li></ul><ul><li>11th grade: 18% 31% </li></ul><ul><li>12th grade: 20% 32% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: CDC 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey </li></ul>
  10. 16. Cigarettes
  11. 17. Smokeless Tobacco
  12. 21. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991, 1995 and 2000 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” woman) Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10. 1991 1995 2000 No Data < 10% 10%-14% 15-19%  20%
  13. 22. Behaviors associated with weight control <ul><li>male female </li></ul><ul><li>exercised to lose weight 51% 68% </li></ul><ul><li>ate less food to lose weight 28% 59% </li></ul><ul><li>fasting > 24 hr to lose weight 8% 19% </li></ul><ul><li>took diet pills, powders, liquids 6% 13% </li></ul><ul><li>vomited or took laxatives 3% 8% </li></ul><ul><li> Source: CDC 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey </li></ul>
  14. 26. Functional domains in adolescence <ul><li>individual </li></ul><ul><li>family/home </li></ul><ul><li>peer group </li></ul><ul><li>school </li></ul><ul><li>employment </li></ul><ul><li>sociocultural </li></ul>

×