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2012 Norton Cybercrime Report

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Global cybercrime research study on consumer levels and experiences with cybercrime. 24 countries, over 13,000 participants experiencing crime increasingly in mobile and social networks.

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2012 Norton Cybercrime Report

  1. 1. 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT
  2. 2. 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT24 COUNTRIESAUSTRALIA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CHINA, COLOMBIA, DENMARK,FRANCE, GERMANY, INDIA, ITALY, JAPAN, MEXICO, NETHERLANDS,NEW ZEALAND, POLAND, RUSSIA, SAUDI ARABIA, SINGAPORE,SOUTH AFRICA, SWEDEN, TURKEY, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES,UNITED KINGDOM, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA13,018 ONLINE ADULTS AGED 18-64EXPERT COLLABORATORSADAM PALMER, NORTON LEAD CYBER SECURITY ADVISORMARIAN MERRITT, NORTON INTERNET SAFETY ADVOCATE
  3. 3. KEY THEMES THE SCALE OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME ONE-AND-A-HALF MILLION VICTIMS DAILY THE GLOBAL PRICE TAG OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME US $110 BILLION ANNUALLY CHANGING FACE OF CYBERCRIME CYBERCRIME GOES SOCIAL AND MOBILE SECURITY IQ: MIXED REPORT CARD FOR CONSUMERSCONSUMERS WISE UP TO TRADITIONAL THREATS, BUT MANY STILL UNAWARE AS TO HOW CYBERCRIME IS RAPIDLY EVOLVING STRONG PASSWORDS ARE KEY EMAIL A POTENTIAL GATEWAY FOR CYBERCRIMINALS
  4. 4. THE SCALE OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME556 MILLION VICTIMS PER YEARMORE THAN THE ENTIRE POPULATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 1.5+ MILLION VICTIMS PER DAY 18 VICTIMS PER SECOND
  5. 5. THE SCALE OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME2/3 ONLINE ADULTSHAVE BEEN VICTIMS OF CYBERCRIME IN THEIRLIFETIME 46% VICTIMS IN PAST YEAR CLOSE TO HALF OF ONLINE ADULTS HAVE FALLEN VICTIM TO ATTACKS SUCH AS MALWARE, VIRUSES, HACKING, SCAMS, FRAUD & THEFT
  6. 6. THE GLOBAL PRICE TAG OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME$110 BNTHE COST AMERICANS SPEND ANNUALLY ON FAST FOOD 85% OF DIRECT FINANCIAL COSTS OTHER; 15% ARE A RESULT OF FRAUD, REPAIRS, THEFT & LOSS REPAIRS; 26% FRAUD; 42% USD $197 AVERAGE COST PER VICTIM ENOUGH TO BUY A WEEK’S WORTH OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD THEFT OR LOSS; FOR A FAMILY OF FOUR IN THE UNITED STATES 17%
  7. 7. THE GLOBAL PRICETAG OF CONSUMER CYBERCRIME 2 BNRUSSIA 21 BNUSA 16 BN EUROPE 46 BN CHINA 2 BN MEXICO 8 BN 0.5 BN INDIA JAPAN 8 BN BRAZIL 2 BN AUSTRALIA ALL AMOUNTS IN USD
  8. 8. CHANGING FACE OF CYBERCRIME: CYBERCRIME GOES MOBILEAS CONSUMERS GO MOBILE, SO DO CYBERCRIMINALS2/3 OF ADULTS USE A MOBILEDEVICE TO ACCESS THE INTERNET2X MOBILE VULNERABILITIESMOBILE VULNERABILITIES DOUBLED IN 2011 FROM 2010*31% OF MOBILE USERSRECEIVED A TEXT MESSAGE FROM SOMEONE THEY DIDN’T KNOWREQUESTING THAT THEY CLICK ON AN EMBEDDED LINK OR DIAL ANUNKNOWN NUMBER TO RETRIEVE A “VOICEMAIL” *Symantec Internet Security Threat Report, Volume 17 (April 2012)
  9. 9. CHANGING FACE OF CYBERCRIME: CYBERCRIME GOES MOBILE…YET IT CAN BE PREVENTED35% OF ADULTSHAVE LOST THEIR MOBILE DEVICEOR HAD IT STOLEN2/3DON’T USE A SECURITY SOLUTIONFOR THEIR MOBILE DEVICE 44% AREN’T AWARE THAT SECURITY SOLUTIONS FOR MOBILE DEVICES EXIST
  10. 10. CHANGING FACE OF CYBERCRIME: CYBERCRIME GOES SOCIAL4/10 1/6SOCIAL NETWORK USERS HAVE SOCIAL NETWORK USERS REPORT THAT SOMEONE HASFALLEN VICTIM TO CYBERCRIME ON HACKED INTO THEIR PROFILE AND PRETENDED TO BESOCIAL NETWORKING PLATFORMS THEM3/4 1/10BELIEVE CYBERCRIMINALS ARE SOCIAL NETWORK USERSSETTING THEIR SIGHTS ON HAVE FALLEN VICTIM TO ASOCIAL NETWORKS SCAM OR FAKE LINK ON SOCIAL NETWORK PLATFORMS
  11. 11. RISKY BEHAVIOR ON SOCIAL MEDIA LOG OUT1/3DON’T LOG OUT 1/5 DON’T CHECK LINKS 1/6 HAVE NO IDEA IFAFTER EACH SESSION BEFORE SHARING THEIR SETTINGS ARE PUBLIC OR PRIVATE LESS THAN HALF ONLY HALF USE A SECURITY TOOL TO PROTECT USE PRIVACY SETTINGS TO CONTROL AGAINST SOCIAL NETWORKING THREATS WHAT INFORMATION THEY SHARE AND WITH WHOM
  12. 12. SOCIAL “FRENEMIES”?CONSUMERS ARE ONLY AS SECURE AS THEIR CIRCLE OF SOCIALNETWORK FRIENDS (INCLUDING FRIENDS OF FRIENDS)36%HAVE ACCEPTEDFRIEND REQUESTSFROM PEOPLE THEY DONOT KNOW3/10HAVE RECEIVED POSTS ORMESSAGES THAT THEYSUSPECT ARE NOT ACTUALLYFROM FRIENDS
  13. 13. CONSUMERS’ SECURITY IQHIGH MARKS FOR SOME SECURITY FUNDAMENTALS89%DELETE SUSPICIOUS 83% HAVE AT LEAST A 78% DON’T OPEN ATTACHMENTSEMAILS FROM PEOPLE BASIC ANTIVIRUS OR LINKS IN UNSOLICITEDTHEY DON’T KNOW SOLUTION E-MAILS OR TEXTS GOOD JOB!
  14. 14. CONSUMERS’ SECURITY IQBUT STILL “ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT”...30%DO NOT THINK ABOUT 21% DO NOT TAKE STEPS TO SECURECYBERCRIME WHEN ONLINE THEIR PERSONAL INFO WHENBECAUSE THEY DO NOT EXPECT ACCESSING THE INTERNETTHAT IT WILL HAPPEN TO THEM ?
  15. 15. CONSUMERS’ SECURITY IQMANY ONLINE ADULTS DON’T KNOW OR RECOGNIZE HOW VIRUSES ORMALICIOUS SOFTWARE ACTS40% 49%DO NOT KNOW THAT A VIRUS OR AGREE THAT UNLESS THEIR COMPUTERMALWARE CAN ACT IN A DISCRETE CRASHES OR GOES SLOW, IT’S HARD TOFASHION, MAKING IT HARD TO KNOW IF THEIR COMPUTER IS INFECTEDRECOGNIZE IF A COMPUTER HAS WITH A VIRUS OR MALWAREBEEN COMPROMISED
  16. 16. CONSUMERS’ SECURITY IQAND CONSUMERS DON’T KNOW HOW TO PROTECT THEMSELVES55%AREN’T 100% SURE THEIR 3/10 DON’T UNDERSTAND THE RISK 48% ARE ONLY USINGCOMPUTER IS CURRENTLY OF CYBERCRIME OR HOW TO BASIC ANTIVIRUS‘CLEAN’ AND FREE FROM PROTECT THEMSELVES PROTECTIONVIRUSES ONLINE
  17. 17. STRONG PASSWORDS STILL KEYNEARLY HALF 46%HAVE BEEN NOTIFIED TO CHANGE THEIR PASSWORD BECAUSETHEIR PASSWORD OR PRIVACY WAS COMPROMISEDTOP 3 ACCOUNTS PEOPLE HAVE RECEIVED NOTIFICATIONS TO CHANGEPASSWORDS FOR, FOLLOWING A COMPROMISE: EMAIL 27% SOCIAL NETWORK 19% BANK ACCOUNT 15%
  18. 18. STRONG EMAIL PASSWORDS STILL KEYEMAIL IS A POTENTIAL GATEWAY FOR CRIMINALS LOOKINGFOR PERSONAL / CORPORATE INFORMATIONWHAT PEOPLE SEND BY EMAIL:50% 42% 22% 17%PERSONAL WORK RELATED BANK PASSWORDS FORPHOTOGRAPHS DOCUMENTS AND STATEMENTS OTHER ONLINE CORRESPONDENCE ACCOUNTS YET 40% DON’T USE COMPLEX PASSWORDS OR CHANGE THEIR PASSWORDS REGULARLY
  19. 19. WHO IS AFFECTED MOST BY CYBERCRIME?HIGHEST NUMBER OF CYBERCRIME CYBERCRIME VICTIMS MOREVICTIMS FOUND IN: LIKELY TO BE: RUSSIA MALE – 71% 92% (COMPARED TO 63% OF FEMALES) CHINA MILLENNIAL - 75% 84% (COMPARED TO 56% OF BABY BOOMERS) AND: SOUTH AFRICA • MOBILE INTERNET USERS 80% • SOCIAL NETWORK USERS
  20. 20. CONCLUSION CHANGING FACE OF CYBERCRIME$110 BILLION MORE ONLINE ADULTS THAN LAST YEAR INDICATED THAT THEY HAVE FALLEN VICTIM TO NEW FORMS OF CYBERCRIME SUCH AS THOSE FOUND ON SOCIAL NETWORKS OR MOBILE DEVICES – A SIGN THAT CYBERCRIMINALS ARE STARTING TO FOCUS THEIR EFFORTS ON THESE INCREASINGLY POPULAR PLATFORMSTHE COSTS OF CYBERCRIME ARE CRIMINAL: $110 BN LOSTIN JUST 12 MONTHS. CONSUMERS DON’T RECOGNIZE CYBERCRIME HAS CHANGED556 MILLION VICTIMS HALF OF ONLINE ADULTS DON’T KNOW OR RECOGNIZE HOW MALWARE OR CYBERCRIME ACTS HAVE EVOLVED AND DON’T1.5M ADULTS BECOME CYBERCRIME VICTIMS EVERY DAY - KNOW HOW TO PROTECT THEMSELVES. CYBERCRIMINALS’THAT’S 18 VICTIMS PER SECOND. METHODS HAVE CHANGED – NOT ONLY DO THEY WANT TO AVOID DETECTION FOR AS LONG AS POSSIBLE, THEY’RE CHANGING THEIR TACTICS TO TARGET FAST GROWING MOBILE PLATFORMS AND SOCIAL NETWORKS WHERE CONSUMERS ARE LESS AWARE OF THE SECURITY RISKS. STRONG PASSWORDS KEY EMAIL ACCOUNTS CAN BE A GATEWAY FOR CRIMINALS LOOKING FOR PERSONAL AND CORPORATE INFORMATION, WITH PEOPLE SENDING EVERYTHING FROM PERSONAL PHOTOS TO WORK RELATED CORRESPONDENCE TO BANK STATEMENTS AND PASSWORDS FOR OTHER ONLINE ACCOUNTS. AND YET 40% DON’T USE COMPLEX PASSWORDS OR CHANGE THEIR PASSWORDS REGULARLY
  21. 21. THANK YOU
  22. 22. THE METHODOLOGY DETAILSTRATEGYONE CONDUCTED AN IMPORTANT NOTES:ONLINE SURVEY AMONG: THE NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT IS AN ANNUAL REPORT13,018 ADULTS COMMISSIONED BY NORTON BY SYMANTEC AIMED AT UNDERSTANDING HOW CYBERCRIME AFFECTS CONSUMERS AND HOW THE ADOPTION AND EVOLUTION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES IMPACTS CONSUMERS’ SECURITY. THETHE SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED IN 24 COUNTRIES RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY STRATEGYONE, AN(AUSTRALIA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CHINA, COLOMBIA, FRANCE, INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AGENCY.DENMARK, GERMANY, INDIA, ITALY, JAPAN, MEXICO, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, POLAND, RUSSIA, SAUDI 1000 ADULT RESPONDENTS WERE INTERVIEWED IN EACH OFARABIA, SINGAPORE, SOUTH USA AND INDIA. THE GLOBAL DATA HAS BEEN WEIGHTED TOAFRICA, SWEDEN, TURKEY, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, UNITED ENSURE ALL COUNTRIES HAVE EQUAL REPRESENTATION OFKINGDOM AND UNITED STATES).* N=500 ADULTS.THE SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED IN THE PRIMARY LANGUAGE * REFERENCES TO 2011 – 2012 DATA CHANGESOF EACH COUNTRY, AND QUESTIONS ASKED WERE IDENTICAL IS BASED UPON 20 TRACKING MARKETS ONLY:ACROSS ALL COUNTRIES. AUSTRALIA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CHINA, FRANCE, DENMARK, FR ANCE, GERMANY, INDIA, ITALY, JAPAN, MEXICO, NETHERLANDINTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED BETWEEN 16TH JULY 2012 S, NEW ZEALAND, POLAND, SOUTH– 30TH JULY 2012. AFRICA, SWEDEN, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, UNITED KINGDOM, UNITED STATES.THE MARGIN OF ERROR FOR THE TOTAL SAMPLE OF ADULTS(N=13, 018) IS + 0.9% AT THE 95% LEVEL OF CONFIDENCE.
  23. 23. DEFINITION OF CYBERCRIMECYBERCRIME IS DEFINED AS ANY OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES:• COMPUTER VIRUSES OR MALICIOUS SOFTWARE APPEARED ON MY COMPUTER• I RESPONDED TO A FORGED, ‘SPOOFED’ OR FAKE EMAIL OR WEBSITE WHICH CAPTURED MY PERSONAL DETAILS• I HAVE EXPERIENCED ONLINE BULLYING, ONLINE STALKING, HATE CRIME OR OTHER FORM OF ONLINE HARASSMENT• SOMEONE HAS HACKED INTO MY EMAIL ACCOUNT AND PRETENDED TO BE ME• SOMEONE HAS HACKED INTO MY SOCIAL NETWORKING PROFILE AND PRETENDED TO BE ME• I WAS APPROACHED ONLINE BY SOMEONE IN AN UNWANTED SEXUAL WAY• I RESPONDED TO ONLINE SCAMS• I EXPERIENCED ONLINE CREDIT CARD FRAUD• I EXPERIENCED IDENTITY THEFT• I RESPONDED TO AN UNSOLICITED SMS TEXT MESSAGE WHICH CAPTURED MY PERSONAL DETAILS• MY PHONE WAS INFECTED AND A TEXT MESSAGE WAS SENT FROM MY MOBILE PHONE WITHOUT MY PERMISSION OR KNOWLEDGE THAT I LATER HAD TO PAY FOR• I EXPERIENCED ANOTHER TYPE OF CYBERCRIME ON MY CELL / MOBILE PHONE / TABLET DEVICE• I EXPERIENCED ANOTHER TYPE OF CYBERCRIME ON MY DESKTOP OR LAPTOP COMPUTERSOCIAL CYBERCRIME IS DEFINED AS ANY OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES ON SOCIAL NETWORKINGPLATFORMS:• I HAVE BEEN HARASSED OR BULLIED OR HAD INAPPROPRIATE CONTENT POSTED ABOUT ME• I HAVE RESPONDED TO A FORGED OR FAKE MESSAGE OR WEBSITE TRYING TO GET MY PERSONAL DETAILS SUCH AS PASSWORDS, BANK ACCOUNT INFORMATION (I.E., PHISHING)• I CLICKED ON A LINK OR A ‘LIKE’ AND IT TOOK ME TO A BLANK PAGE, OR REPOSTED ITSELF AUTOMATICALLY INTO MY ACCOUNT• I HAVE FALLEN FOR A SCAM OR CLICKED ON A FAKE LINK• I HAVE CLICKED ON A LINK OR ‘LIKED’ SOMETHING WHICH HAS THEN REPOSTED ITSELF ONTO MY PROFILEMOBILE CYBERCRIME IS DEFINED AS ANY OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES:• I RESPONDED TO AN UNSOLICITED SMS TEXT MESSAGE WHICH CAPTURED MY PERSONAL DETAILS• MY PHONE WAS INFECTED AND A TEXT MESSAGE WAS SENT FROM MY MOBILE PHONE WITHOUT MY PERMISSION OR KNOWLEDGE THAT I LATER HAD TO PAY FOR• I EXPERIENCED ANOTHER TYPE OF CYBERCRIME ON MY CELL / MOBILE PHONE / TABLET DEVICE
  24. 24. EXTRAPOLATIONS CALCULATIONS1) OVER 556 MILLION VICTIMS IN 24 COUNTRIES OVER PAST 12 MONTHS:ONLINE POPULATION FROM CIA FACTBOOK (24 COUNTRY TOTAL = 1, 015,861,551.ONLINE ADULTS PER COUNTRY X % CYBERCRIME VICTIMS PAST 12 MONTHS PER COUNTRY = 556,152,181 (SUM OF 24COUNTRIES).2) 18 CYBERCRIME VICTIMS EVERY SECOND / 1058 CYBERCRIME VICTIMS EVERY MINUTE / ALMOST 64,000 PER HOUR / 1.5MILLION PER DAY IMPACTING OVER 556 MILLION ADULTS IN THE PAST YEAR IN 24 COUNTRIES*VICTIMS OVER PAST 12 MONTHS (AS ABOVE) 556,152,181 / 365 DAYS PER YEAR / 24 HOURS / 60 MINUTES / 60 SECONDS.3) CYBERCRIME COST NEARLY $110 BILLION IN THE LAST YEAR IN 24 COUNTRIESVICTIMS OVER PAST 12 MONTHS (PER COUNTRY) X AVERAGE FINANCIAL COST OF CYBERCRIME (PER COUNTRY IN USCURRENCY).FIGURE SHOWN IN THE SUM OF ALL COUNTRIES TOTAL COST.

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