Costa Rica Nation Report 1


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Costa Rica Nation Report 1

  1. 1. COSTA RICA<br />Marian Huang<br />HIST 28: Nation Report Part 1<br />Dr. Arguello<br />
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY<br /><ul><li>Located on the Central American Isthmus
  3. 3. Captal: San Jose
  4. 4. Borders Nicaragua and Panama
  5. 5. Area: slightly smaller than West Virginia
  6. 6. Total: 51,100 km²
  7. 7. Land: 50,660 km²
  8. 8. Water: 440 km²
  9. 9. Climate: Tropical and Subtropical
  10. 10. Dry Season (December-April)
  11. 11. Rainy Season (May-November)
  12. 12. Terrain: coastal plains separated by rugged mountains
  13. 13. Over 100 volcanic cones
  14. 14. Four volcanoes, two of them active
  15. 15. Natural hazards: earthquakes, hurricanes, flooding, landslides, and volcanoes</li></li></ul><li>GEOGRAPHY<br />Two major mountains: Cordillera Central and Cordiller de Talmanca, separate the Pacific and Caribbean watersheds<br />Biodiversity hotspot: 4.5% of world’s biodiversity found in Costa Rica<br />26 national parks and over 160 protected areas<br /><ul><li>Tortuguero National Park: Created in 1970 to give protection 22km stretch of shoreline serving as prime nesting site for sea turtles
  16. 16. Natural resources include hydropower from Lake Arenal (largest lake in Costa Rica)
  17. 17. Deforestation is a very big problem</li></li></ul><li>PEOPLE<br />Costa Ricans (aka Ticos and Ticas)<br />Population: 4,253,897 <br />July 2010 estimate) <br />Mixing of races (Approximately 94% are of mixed heritage)<br />Many families originated in parts of Europe, asia, Afirca, and Central America<br />Very small number of indigenous Native Indians <br />Decimated by Spanish conquests or melded over centuries into Costa Rican Society and blended culture<br />77% Catholic, but religious institutions never had a powerful influence over political or cultural aspects<br />
  18. 18. PEOPLE<br />Extremely family oriented people<br />Peaceful and fun loving<br />Love music and dance and occasionally enjoy alcohol<br />Educated: 93% literacy rate (age 10+) making Costa Rica the most literate populace in Central America<br />Social Class<br />Majority of people are middle-class due to strong democratic system promoting equal opportunity<br />Extreme poverty exists, but not to the extent of neighboring countries<br />Upper class are small in numbers<br />
  19. 19. CULTURE<br />Main language: Spanish<br /><ul><li>Native language: Bribri
  20. 20. English, French, German, Italian, and Chinese also spoken
  21. 21. Culture heavily influenced by Spanish culture
  22. 22. Multicultural society due to high standards of life and education and the amount of visitors from other countries
  23. 23. Conservative when it comes to family issues
  24. 24. Family ties are very strong
  25. 25. Men and women are expected to act differently from each other and to respect their roles (“machisimo” system)</li></li></ul><li>CULTURE<br /><ul><li>Cuisine: combination of Spanish, American, Caribbean, and Southern American influences
  26. 26. National Dish: Gallo Pinto (“spotted rooster”)</li></ul>Music: tropical music, salsa, meringue, and reggae<br />Dance: very dynamic part of culture<br />Sports: most played sport is futbol (soccer)<br />Main religious events: Easter Week (Semana Santa), Christmas Week <br />
  27. 27. HISTORY<br />Country inhabited by 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored in 1502<br />Spanish conquest began in 1524 and region grew into a Spanish province<br />Achieved independence in 1821<br />Became a republic in 1848<br />1970: oil prices rose, international commodity prices fell, and inflation hurt the economy<br /><ul><li>Efforts were made to reduce reliance on coffee, banana, and beef exports
  28. 28. Tourism became a major business</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY<br />Costa Rica gained reputation as one of the most stable, prosperous, and least corrupt Latin American countries<br /><ul><li>A few negative events occurred like when Costa Rican presidents (José Maria Figueres Olsen, Miguel Angel Rodríguez, and Rafael Angel Calderon) were investigated on corruption charges
  29. 29. Government voted to implement Central American Free Trade Agreement in 2008
  30. 30. Laura Chinchlla became country’s first female president (took 47% of the vote)</li>