Carte de masaj (cap, piept, brate)


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Carte de masaj (cap, piept, brate)

  1. 1. HEAD The head is the main control centre of the body, and in the protective cave of the skull lies the amazing brain - a vastly complex and mysterious organ. The head is also the seat of two of the chakras, or energy centres (see p.12), found along the centre line of the body. The Crown chakra, at the tap of the head, is related to aur essence and spirituality, and the Pineal or Brow chakra, at the centre of the forehead, is related to clear seeing, intuition and intellect. In a head-oriented cuIture, we sometimes tind aur fiind racing and overloaded. Instead of clarity of thought we experience confusion and weariness. The result of this is often a headache. There are a variety of other causes for headaches - one of the commonest is stress, which can creare tension in the muscles of the neck, shoulders and scalp. Other types of headache include those resulting from sinus congestion, colds or fiu; menstrual- related headaches; headaches following whiplash or neck injury; and migraines - recurring, throbbing headaches, which may be accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Both massage and Shiatsu have effective treatments for headaches and head congestion, so in the following pages we have included helpful sequences from both. 44
  2. 2. ! 1 .1 il 'ij 'I U4; , ,rj " ~~;"/ l' '- '. ., """"""""'-.;O'., /' 1 I I Working forehead in strips Kneel at your partner's headand rest your thumbs in the centre of her forehead just above her eyebrows, with your fingers around the sides of her headoSlowly and firmly draw your thumbs away from the centre, out toward the temples, the hairline and off. Work like this in strips right up the forehead until you cover the whole area. f t ;.1, ./ J '11' r , ""It f ~t. , ;. ".. :-"0' ~:"':"---. -:,.'F"., ,<~" ,~ .. " HEAD ~eadaches:rnassage Since It is hard to dlstingUlsh between the different types of headaches, several massage sequences are glVen In the following pages and it Isa good idea to try aii the different strokes, focusing on those that seem to give taur partner most comfort. On this rage the receiver is Iying down. and on pages 46 and 47 sittlng up. The series of strokes on rage 47 ISa soothing and relaxing sequence taken from an ancient Indian healing massage. Camomile and lavender essences are both helpful for headaches (see p.21). Melissa is good for migraines and Continued overleaf j 1 (~, .~ ""- I, 2 Pressing and circling temples Begin by pressing on your partner's temples, for ten seconds or 50, with the flats of your fingers. Then slowly release the pressure and make slow circles over both the temples. Check with your partner whether she'd like a deeper or lighter touch. "O" ", . ~~ , ~, "" " " ':"'" 3 Base of skull pressure Turn your partner's head to rest comfortably on one hand, with her cheek facing upwardo Using the fingertips of faur free hand, push up and under the bone of the skull base. Hold. letting the pressure build up, then slowly releaseoWork right along the fim, searching out tense spots, then turn the head to the other side and repeat. 45
  3. 3. COMMON AILMENTS Continued from p.45 the stroke inStep 2 which circles the temples, mar be particularly beneficiat.It isalso helpful to fie ina darkened room and apply a cald compress (see p. 91) to the forehead. Many headaches willalso respond well to the sequence given in Shoulders, Neck and Upper back (see pp.54-9). Ifyou have had a whlplash inJuryand keep getting headaches, or ifyou have pain intaur arm, it would be wise to see an osteopath or doctor to check forjoint damage. Caution.. Ifa headache comes on suddenly, ISsevere, and is accompanied by a very stiff neck or back, a fever, weakness ina limb, drowsiness or confusion, 1055of visionand/or epileptic fits,seek medical help and advice at once. --- 6 Fingertip healing Ask faur partner ta facus an her breath and let faur fingertips come ta rest veri lightlyintwa vertical lines an either side af her farehead, abave the middle af her eyebraws. Keep faur shaulders relaxed, facus an faur hara and maintain a light steady contact far a few minutes. 46 .~'" '- ~.i'-.- - 4 Massaging scalp along hairline Stand behind faur partner, allawing her head ta rest against faur bady. With faur hands in a "spider" shape, use the tips af faur fingers ta massage the scalp right alang the hairline, from the tap afthe farehead araund ta the base of the skull. Travel slawly, using as much pressure as faur partner needs. 5 Pressing and circling jaw muscles Rest the pads of faur fingers an the jaw muscles. Ifyau have difficulty finding them, rest faur fingers an the cheeks and ask faur partner ta clench and unclench her teeth, which causes these muscles ta rise and falI. Naw beginta press and circle faur fingers aver the whale area of the jaw muscles. Wark slawly and tharaughly ta release tensian. "'"
  4. 4. HEAD 7 Stroking over tap of head Rest the middle and ring fîngers of one hand on the middle of the forehead and those of the other in the hollow at the centre base of the skull. Now lightlystroke faur fîngers from the forehead up and across the centre fine of the skulland down to meet the fîngers at the base. Then puii both hands out and away from the body as ifdralning tension away from the back of the head. Repeat. "'- 9 Strokingaround hairline Beginas before, faur fîngers touchlngat the centre of faur partner's forehead. Then stroke gentlystraight up to her hairline. Oivldefaur hands and draw faur flngersright along the hairllne, curve above the ears and around the nm ofthe skullto the centre base. When faur flngers meet at the centre, puII them back away from the head as before. Repeat several times. 10 Face massage sequence Starting at the centre of the forehead, and using the same fîngers of each hand, stroke down and then out and right around each eye, down alongside the nose, then around the mouth, letting faur fîngers meet under the lower lip.Continue down to the chin tip then along the Jaw bone, up and over the ears, along the rim of the skullto the centre base and off. Repeat a few times. .. JI. 8 Strokingheadto shoulders Stand behind faur partner and gently rest the same fîngers of each hand on the centre of her forehead. Draw faur fîngers lightlyup to the tor of the head then dlvide faur hands, coming down the sides of the head behind the ears, down the sldes of the neck, along the tors of the shoulders, and off. Repeat the movement several times. 47
  5. 5. COMMON AILMENTS Headaches: Shiatsu Headaches are frequently caused by poor digestion and inadequate elimination of toxins. Most of the mendians concerned with these functions run through the neck, shoulders, and upper back and any imbalances can affect different parts of the head. Working around the upper back, shoulders and neck, as shown here, will release stagnant energy in the appropriate meridians and help relieve headaches. Pressingtsubos an the meridian lines in other parts of the body, such as feet. legs, hands, arms and shoulders, can also help ta relieve pain in the head. as in Step 6. If the tsubos are painful, hold them with light pressure, and agitate the point slightly in a comfortable way. .,t'" ;~ '("<C'" /,' '-- f 48 !: " :i {' I Shiatsuscalpmassage Bring faur partner's head forward and support her forehead infaur cupped palm. With faur free hand begin to massage the whole of the scalp, using faur thumbs and fingers in a slow shampooing motion that travels over the whole area. Focus faur attention on the parts of the scalp that feel most tender to her. ~ ,.,"" '" , ", ~.v'tii' '- """ 2 Shiatsu neck stretch Support faur partner from behind, wlth faur elbows resting on the front of her shoulders, ease them slightly back. Place faur hands on the back of her head while her head sinks forward to the point of resistance. Hold for up to 30 seconds, while she breathes deeply. Do net apply strong pressure. 3 Shiatsuneck side roll With faur partner's head stil! forward, cup her forehead with one hand and let the other support the back of the neck between stretched thumb and forefinger. Now slowly tilt the head back to rest on the hand supporting the neck and begin ta raII it gently ina semi-circle from sideta side. Finallyreturn the head to an upright position.
  6. 6. HEAD 4 Shiatsuheel-of-hand massage Stand beside faur partner and place one of faur hands on her upper chest. With the heel of faur other hand, make firm circlingand vibrating movements aIIover the area between the spine and the shoulder blade and up on to the muscles at the tor of the shoulder. Reverse faur position and repeat on the other side. 5 Shiatsu pressing tap of shoulders Stand behind faur partner and place the balls of faur thumbs on tor of her shoulders, near to the neck, as shown below right. Use faur body weight to apply pressure gradually, hold for a few seconds, then release slowly. Repeat the technique, moving outward along the shoulder, working the soft tissue between the bones. L 6 Shiatsuconnecting points Kneel, with one knee up, beslde faur partner. With one hand on her shoulder, use faur other thumb and forefinger to squeeze gently Into the fleshy part between the bones of her thumb and her forefinger. Meanwhile, press into the small indentation on the outside of the shoulder bone with faur thumb. Hold for up to 30 seconds. Continue, using faur thumbs, with light pressure, to connect up ani polnts that are tender, as indicated in the illustration left. 49
  7. 7. COMMON AILMENTS Sinus congestion The sinuses are air spaces in the skullthat connect with the cavity inside the nase, and when the mucous membranes af the nase are inflamed ar congested, the tiny passageways inta the sinuses become blacked. Thlscan lead ta d/scomfart and inflammatian in the sinuses, and mar cause aching in the face ar a headache. The fal/awingsequence warks around and across the banes where the sinuses are lacated and shauld be dane slawly and sensitively, with faur partner Iyingdawn. Check that the amaunt af pressure yau are usingfeels right. Use either marjaram ar lavender essence here (see p.21). I Pressing around ere socket With faur partner Iyingdawn,r the tips of faur foreflngers unde ~ the rims af her upper eye saeke by her nose. Now push up and under the bones, build up pressur~ hold and release. Move a step ! outward and repeat. Cirele bathe sockets, using faur thumbs ta pres: the lower sockets. ~..-" .#' ~. t '-~"' ". I 2 Clearing cheek bones Begin with faur thumbs an the cheek bones, just below the eyes and next to the nose. Slowly and flrmly sweep out in a curving line that travels out ta the hairline and away. Move down a little way and repeat the stroke. Work inthis way in strips down the cheek bones from side of nose to hairline, until yau reach the base of the cheek bones. 3 Pressing under cheek bones Using the tips of the flrst two flngers of each hand, start clase to the sides of the nose, and press up under the rim of each cheek bone. Gradually build pressure, hold, then release. Move a step outward on each side and repeat the pressure. Continue alongthe edge of the bone until you get to the ears. 50
  8. 8. Colds The cammon cald is a virus infectlon, and the probability of catching colds rises when faur natural resistance is lowered. AII you can really do is let a cald run /ts caurse. A face and head massage can help to clear congestion; any of the sequences in this sectlon on the head mar be useful. The two Shlatsu techniques shown work on the tsubas, which help to clear cangestion and aid elimination of mucus, and the In-Do point on the forehead, which relieves heaviness in the head caused both by calds and sinus problems. Rosemaryor eucalyptus essences mar be helpful (see p.21 ). 2 Shiatsulung tsubos Stand behind faur partner, and let her lean agalnst Iau. Curve bath faur hands aver her shaulder jaints sa that faur flngertips rest inthe valleys between her shaulders and chest. Naw mave faur flngers sllghtlyfarward an ta the muscles and massage in small circles, applying pressure with faur flngertips. HEAD I Self-helpoii rub Use eucalyptus ar rasemary essence (see p.ll). Gently massage the aii inta the whale area araund faur nase and sinuses. Ifyau have a chesty cald, apply itta faur upper chest as well. Use smalt, deep circling mavements ta rub the aii quite tharaughly inta the skin. 3 ShiatsuIn-Do point Kneeland ask faur partner ta lie dawn, supparting her head an faur knees. Place faur middle flngertips, ane restlng an the ather, between and veri slightly higher than the eyebraws. With light pressure, mave the skin sensitively intlny circles aver thls tsubo. Use faur lawer flngertip ta "sense" while the upper ane subtil creates the mavement. 51
  9. 9. NECK, SHOULDERS AND UPPERBACK Bridging the head and the shoulders, the neck is a busy junction where a huge amount of activity takes place. Major blood vessels in the neck link the body to the head. The spinal nerves travel through the vertebrae of the neck and on down the spine, carrying messages between the brain and all other parts of the body. And the throat houses the voice-box, as well as the passages for food and air. The shoulder joints have the widest range of movement in the body, and the whole shoulder and neck area can be easily strained by overuse, unwise lifting or sudden,iarring movements. When we are under stress, it is the shoulder and neck muscles that tend to hold tension the most. This area also links with the Throat chakra (see p.12), which relates ta the expression of feelings via arm or body movements, or through the voice. "Heart" feelings (see Heart chakra p.12) are also expressed through the arms. When we boule up aur feelings we actually tighten muscles in the throat, shoulder and chest area to hold them in. Tense raised shoulders can reflect fear, being the posture of the "startle reflex" when we galvanize ourselves to meet game real or imagined threat. For all these reasons this area often causes us discomfort. " ~~ ..... 52
  10. 10. Neck stiffness, arthritis andstrain Stiffnessin the neck may be caused by sleeping in an awkward posltion, ar from getting very cald from strainingmusc/es or Ilgaments, by sudden jarring movements, or simplI from being anXlOUS.When applylngthe following massage strokes, keep your touch gentle but firm, always remain wlthin the threshold of pain, and go slowly. If faur partner has arthritis of the neck(see p.92) omit Sters 4 and 8, p.S4-5. Try rosemary essence (see p.21).Compresses (see p. 91) can alsobe helpful for neckache. " NECK, SHOULDERS AND UPPER BACK I Stroking and stretching back of neck With faur partner Iyingan her back use bath hands alternately ta strake up the back afthe neck fram base ta skull. Then cur faur hands under the back afthe head and puii taward Iau, stretching the neck. Make sure faur thumbs dan't drag an the ears. Naw glide faur hands alang the back af the head and slide aff at the tap. 2 Turninghead and circling backof neck First cur bath faur hands araund and under faur partner's skull, with faur thumbs resting in front af the ears. Then slightly liftand gently turn the head ta rest an ane af faur cupped hands. Check that the pasltian feels camfartable. Naw use faur free hand ta massage the back af the neck in slaw flrm cireles, maving right up ta the skull base. 3 Kneadingmuscleat baseof neck Slidefaur hand dawn ane side af the neck and grasp the musele at the tap af the shaulder between faur flngers and thumb. Slawly squeeze and knead the musele, pushing faur flngers underneath it wlth cireling mavements ta reach different parts. Ask faur partner ta saI what feels particulariI gaad. Repeat from Step 2 an the ather side. 53 ~
  11. 11. COMMON AILMENTS 4 Stretching side of neck Cup ane af faur hands under faur partner's skull and draw her head sideways taward her shaulder, Naw use faur free hand, fingers painting taward the flaar, ta glide dawn the side af the neck and alang the shaulder ta the tap af the shaulder jaint, as shawn. Press firmly dawn taward her hand, stretching the side af the neck between faur twa hands, Then glide back up the shaulder and neck and repeat the stretch twice mare, Naw reverse faur hands and stretch the ather side af the neck. ~' ; " Î.~7 I~ '- ~tf" ) 54 ..,,',' ',, '", ', "" .:.::~"'.~,',,~:;;':";;;:d "'< ~/, ', ~'" "- '" '" ' 4" ,/"- " { ) ( ,/t ) ;r-~~~ l' I I 1', "" " r, ' ," "" , ' , -" ,, ;' , ' ""' ' , ~"" , " " , ' ,~~. ')"'-"'.' ,), ;i'j" "'..,JI' " ' ,hw I il f °-o ""," , ~-"' , ' "", '.", , -;:-~ 'fF'~- V;;t' y~' 5 Stretching neck forward and backward Cup bath faur hands under faur partner's skull and slawly lifther head farward, chin taward chest, ta the paint af resistance, as shawn left. Bring her head dawn again and repeat. Naw cup ane hand under the skull,the ather an tap af her head, fingers painting taward the flaar, as shawn belaw, Tilt the head right back sa the chin comes up as high as passible. Release and stretch again. Then bring her head gently back ta rest. J ~.r" '- (;/' ,.,,;;V "" " ,;;" ' 7) )
  12. 12. '" f ~'-d , l " '" . ~~~:v >,' 7 Neck massage with partner sittinK Let your partner sit at a table, supporting her head with her hands, Gently squeeze and stroke the back and sides of her neck with rhythmical movements. Move slowly, letting your partner be your guide for the amount of pressure needed. T ry also massaging the upper shoulders and base of the neck with slow, firm kneading strokes, asthis is a continuation of the neck muscle. f 1 ~ q ! ,J l;- ! NECK, SHOULDERS AND UPPER BACK 6 Self-help for arthritis and aching neck Put two tennis balls into a sock and knot the end, Lie down with the balls at the tap of your neck, just below the rim of your skull, one on each side. Do this for about five minutes a Gaj. It can be very soothing for aching necks ar osteoarthritis, Caution: If you feel dizzy or experience pain, stop at once. ? '. / 8 Rotating the neck Stand behind your seated partner and put your wrist under her chin, your hand cradling her cheek. Cup the opposite side of her head with your other hand, Now slowly turn the head by simultaneously pulling the cheek and pushing against the slde ofthe head until you reach the point of resistance. Release the head a little, and then take it back to the resistance point two mare times. Then reverse the positions of your two hands and repeat the stroke an the other side. 55
  13. 13. COMMON AILMENTS I Circlingshoulderblade Kneel at your partner's side,facing her head. Lifther hand on to her lower back and cup your outermost hand under her shoulder. Now cup your free hand over the tap of the shoulder, clase to the neck, and firmly liftthe muscle.Then continue down along the edge of the shoulder blade, pushing in under the rim. Circlearound the blade and back to the tap of the shoulder. Repeat several times. . Upperbackandshou0er seiffness or pain Stlffness in the upper back can be caused by muscle strain or arthritlS. Emotional stress can also cause tlghtness in the muscles, as can spending long hours sitting at a desk or maktng repetitive arm movements. In Shiatsu, the upper back relates to the lungs and heart, 50 by worklng here you can Influence these organs and help treat such ailments as asthma or bronchial complaints. Try bergamot or rosemary essence here (see p.2l). Muscular pain in thls area can also be eased using compresses (see p. 91). Caution.. Before treatlng arthritic or injured joints see pp. 90- 3. 2 Pressing flat of blade and squeezing along ridge With the heel of your free hand, push slowly and firmly up the flat of the blade from base to tap until your hand meets the ridge of bone running along the tap of the blade. Clasp your fingers around the tap of the ridge and squeeze your hand out toward the shoulder joint. Repeat the whole movement several times. /' '~. 3 Rotating shoulder joint Cup your outermost hand under your partner's shoulder joint, while your other hand holds her upper arm just above the elbow. Now start to lift and rotate the shoulder joint in a large slow circle, going to the point of resistance aIIthe way around. After several circulations change direction and rotate the shoulder the other way. Repeat on the other side from Step 1. S6 II II U
  14. 14. I f )J" ~} 'j? 1 ,;;;:F~ "'" -" ~--- s ..., , - I ~~,...' - ' """ (e" y ,~~ , ~',,""',,-'~ , ~,,-' .., - ~--.~ "', ~,"~?; ~'fS:'F~ ..~~ -0-"'-"'~ '~"'- " 5 Kneadingtap of shoulderandjoint Beginto do some broad strokes from the neck along the tor of the shoulder toward the joint. Use both handsalternately to squeeze and stroke along the muscle, and then spend some time working slowly around the joint, pressing into the safttissue between the bones with faur thumbs and fingers. 6Stretching shoulder joint Kneelby faur partner's side, facing taward her head, Take hold of her wrist and hand between both of yaurs, with faur thumbs in her palm, Now lifther arm and stretch it away from you up and out above her head, Release the pressure and then stretch againtwo or three times, Let the arm down to rest by the side and then repeat the stroke on the other sidefrom Step 4, l' NECK, SHOULDERS AND UPPER BACK 4 "Sandwiching" out to shoulder joint With faur partnerIyingon her back, sit at her side facing toward her shoulders, Place one hand under her upper back at the base of the neck and the ather hand an the centre of her chest, just belaw the collar bane, Slowly and firmly draw faur hands taward Iau, squeezing aut taward the shaulder joint. Repeat the strake several times. , l l l~. I Jf ~, ! { , ,~ ,::;?- ~1 . t ,..' """'- '-' ,rc/'" i~ _.~,' ..-.-- ,-~.!(,,-- "" .> ... '-- ", ".. ;- ,,'" ""," ~'~~ ~~-;. '1 'i T ( ~ ,., ~;, " ~ -- ~/ , "' , ~!i/ I l' , " ":"'1~ f ,.-~ I .. .,/" o' ,/ 57
  15. 15. COMMON AILMENTS 7 Pullingupalongspinalmuscles Sit at faur partner's head and push both hands about a hand's length under the back on either side of the spine. Press up with the pads of faur fingers into the muscles clase to each side of the spine, then slowly draw faur hands up along these muscles to the base of the neck, ironing out knots of tension. (See vertical arrows below.) Repeat several times. " ~.II.., I G ~, '~ " ~t> t ~ "',"-1. . J 58 --~ -- -- - !, "~;~~)"" , i,/~"" , "','ii.",>i/"",', '<> , ~'.c..~ ~ 8 Pressing near spine and shaking .:;~ shoulder Sit facing faur partner's side, at shoulder level. Push both hands under the shoulder blade until faur fingertips reach the spine, as shown below left. With the pads of faur fingers slowly press up into the muscles clase to the spine. Press different areas alongside the upper spine. Now puii faur hands toward you, to the rim of the shoulder blade (see horizontal arrows left) and lift and shake the whole shoulder quite vigorously, as shown below right. Repeat on the other side. II
  16. 16. I Shiatsu thumb pressure down bladder meridian With faur partner Iyingon her front, sit at her head and place the pads of faur thumbs on either side of her spine, at the tap of her upper back. Gradually apply pressure by moving faur weight on to faur thumbs. Hold for a moment or two, then release slowly and move in this way down her upper back. Repeat this technique three times. ~ NECK, SHOULDERS AND UPPERBACK Upper back stiffness and pain: Shiatsu Deep pressure down the bladder meridians in the upper back will relax thls whole area and willaffect the functioning of the lungsand heart. Weakness in the front of the shoulders often causes tightness in the upper back meridians and muscJes. These stretching techniques willopen the upper chest and help relieve thisstiffness. The back needs to be seen as a whole, however, since pain in the upper back canalso be caused by lumbar problems. Whenever possible treat the mid and lower back areas too. 2 Shiatsu upper back stretch Ask faur partner to sit back on her heels and stretch her arms over faur thighs. Encourage her to relax her neck and back and place the sides of faur hands either side of her spine at the base of her neck. Move from faur hara to increase the pressure through faur hands and work slowly and carefully down the muscles of her upper back. ) ""-"'"--."" 3 Shiatsu elbow stretch With faur partner sitting cross- legged or on her heels, ask her to put her hands behind her head, with fingers interlaced. Standing behind her, place the side of ane of faur legs against her back and cup her elbaws in faur hands. Ask her to breathe aut and gently stretch her elbaws back as you brace her back with faur leg. Hald, then release. Repeat twa or three times. 59
  17. 17. r CHEST The chest is the emotional centre of the body, housing aur Heart chakra (see p.12), which relates to compassion, love and self- development. It is also the centre of breathing and if aur chest is not constricted by tension, the ribcage expands and contracts freely as we inhale and exhale. Any tension in the chest area will restrict the breath and hence limit the amount of oxygen that we take in and use. Chest problems are often due to bottling up feelings - hence the expression "get it off your chest". Asthma attacks, though often an allergic reaction, may also be triggered by anxiety and upset. Those who suffer from chest problems can try cutting down dairy produce (thought to create mucus) and those who smoke should give it tip. The following pages contain strokes that will help loosen mucus from the chest, and others that will aid and deepen the breathing. When massaging this area, bear in fiind that the front of the body is mare vulnerable and "open" than the back. Before beginning, rest both hands gently on your partner's chest and tune in to the breathing rhythm. Ii your partner is undressed, oiI and soothe the chest first, using the strokes from the whole body massage (see p. 41). "'".-~ ~ 60
  18. 18. Chestcongestion Thesestrokeswillhelpto relieve anItensioninthe chest causedby bronchialinfectionsand asthma. Easlngthemusc/esalongsidethe spmewillaffectthe nerves leading toaIItheorgansof the chest. Try bergamatar eucalyptusessences here(seep.21).Thepercussion strokescreate vibration in the chestcavityandlungsand can help toloosenmucusandphlegm from thebronchialtubes.For these (Steps2and3)your partner needs acushionunderhisbelly 50 that his upperbadyislower than his hips. 2Cuppingonribs Putfaur handsinta acupped position(seep.26).Then, with joase wnsts,beginarapidalternating clappingstrokeaver the whale far sideoffaur partner'sribcage,from bottomta tap andbackagain.Avaid workingdirectii anthespine itself. Cuppingonthe upper backarea affectstheupper labesof the lungs. Changesidesandrepeat an the othersideof the chest. ,. i ,'" f~ " ' ~' ,",~ f ;' , !f' t!~ ~ " / r CHEST I Pushingmusclesat sideof spine Kneelup, facingfaur partner's side. Leaningfram faur hips,placethe heelsof faur handsjust beyand the I far edge of the spine at the tap. Let . / faur weight pressdawn asyau slide - r., I faur hands autward acrass the ridge ,fi of muscle. Repeat this stroke, maving ; slawly dawn ta the baseof the ribs. ~/ Repeatan the ather side. tI"",, , ,""'" '", ,:i , ,,~""':: " ' u - 1" /'. l,j,~ ' """ ' 4 """, tfC!(if};'" ", " ,:",r " , ," "" :;""" !j r .~ }."""::/ ." e., /' '..J ' <",;. /: ,", ," '~""""iJ/,r',. tL , 'I!IIi , ' " .:t.."""l , " ,,/ . , ' 'i -.. ;.J-I ~ .1.>. ," ~. "- r. ~...... Â ;tf ' 1>.. 4 / --'" '~...('// "-' " 3Thumpingaiongsidespine Placethe flatsoffaur flngersan the ridge of musclenearest ta Iau, at the side of the spine.Startingat the mid back,thump the back of faur flngers quite rapidly,withfaur ather hand ina joase flst,whileslidingfaur flngersup alangsidethe spine(nat directii an it),untilyau reach the base ofthe neck.Then thump dawn ta the start again.Adapt faur pressure ta faur partner's wishes. Repeat an the ather side. ';".,~ "-,. " 61
  19. 19. COMMON AILMENT5 Breathing exercise for chest problems Thisisa breathing exerose that derives from bioenergetics, and although it isaccompanied here by a partner, it can be equally effective done by yourself Rocking the pelvis as you breathe helps to exaggerate healthy respiratory movements. The movement also helps you to fiiiand empty the lungsfully.Here we give instructions separately for giver and recelVer, but it 15up to the giver to keep rime with the receiver, and nor the other wayaround. - I Breathing exercise with pelvic movements (for receiver alone) Lie on faur back, with faur knees up and feet shoulder-width apart. Inhale, rocking faur pelvis back so that faur sacrum presses into the floor and faur lower back hollows (see recelver in i!lustration above). Then exhale fully, letting faur pelvis swing forward in the opposite direction, so that faur tai! bone liftsa little way off the floor (see receiver below). Repeat several times, then rest. 2 Co-ordinating stroke (for giver) Sit at faur partner's hips and watch his breathing pattern. Place faur hands on his belly. As he inhales, glide up the centre of his body to the tap of the chest and over the shoulders (see above), and as he exhales slide faur hands down the sides of his chest applying some pressure as air isexpelled {see below). Repeat several tlmes. ., ---" -,,-, o-' ~~;.~_.-" ~ 62
  20. 20. CHEST 2 Shiatsuchest release Kneelat faur partner's head and placethe heels of both hands beneath his collar bone. As he takes a deep breath In,apply pressure agalnstthe rlse of his chest. Then suddenly release faur pressure before he reaches full inhalation. To encourage full exhalation, gentlylean faur body welght through faur hands on to hls chest. Repeat the sequence twice. I Shiatsu pressing down on shoulders Kneeling at faur partner's head, rup the tops of hls shoulder joints and rest the heels of faur hands inthe valleys between shoulders and chest. With stra , ight arms bring faur body (over faur hands and lean some of faur welght down on to his shoulders. Hold for nveseconds and release. Repeat twice mare. Coughs,bronchitis and asthma:Shiatsu Circulatoryand respiratory functionstake place Inthe chest andShlatsuwillincrease the energy tathesetwo vital systems, encouraglngthe eliminatlonof tOXInSand mucus. Rounded 5houldersand a hunched bac/<are Indlcatlonsthat the person is protectlnga weak chest. Work. , wlthcareand respect as thlS area 15thecentre of emotions and ca bevulnerablein many people. Thetechnique shown in Step 2shouldnor be used on asthma 5ufferers. 3 Shiatsu centring technique Support faur partner's head on faur knees and stroke through hls hair, resting faur flngers on tap of hls head. Place the flngers of faur other hand softly on the base of his breast bone and pause. Now move faur flngers slowly up the bone, pauslng as he exhales and moving anii with his inhalation. 63
  21. 21. ARMSAND HANDS aur arms are crucial for aur survival and how we relate to the world. Ever since we stood upright during the process of evolution we have been able to use aur arms for a whole variety of activities, aided especially by aur "opposable" thumbs. These thumbs probably make aur hands the most skilful biological organs to have evolved. aur arms and hands are also vehicles of self-expression. They relate to the Throat and Heart chakras (see p.12) and with them we are able to express a huge range of feelings - from reaching out tenderly in love and affection, to expressing hatred and rage by beating or hitting, to warding off danger. As the arms, wrists and hands are so mobile and are used constantly in everyday activities, the joints and muscles can be subiect to sprains or strains if they are stressed or overstretched (see p.90). These injuries can respond well ta massage in their recuperative stages. Tennis elbow is a common strain of the arID for which we have given a massage sequence bere. Hands and arms can also sometimes suffer from cramps, and the joints from rheumatic complaints such as arthritis (see p.92). Careful working with massage aratind the joints of the hand can bring relief and comfort. 64 .
  22. 22. Tennis elbow, cramp, strains Tennis elbow is a strain caused by overstretching the musc/es and tendons of the forearm at the outer side of the elbow, and pain is felt when the person grips or bends the arm when lifting heavy things. This strain can also happen after overuse in such activities as sawing. This sequence can be particularii helpful after an initial rest penod and ice treatment (see p. 91). Wait for one to two days before massaging. The sequence can also be helpful for cramp (see also p.85) or aching arms. Use rosemary essence here (see p.21). Caution.. Before treating arthritic or inJuredJoints see pp. 90- 3. , . p-}.,,', ' ), ', '~ , I " ~'-1, J~.,' ,";" "'"""""";".':::'~ . ..", ,>-1"V< ' ~~, ' ", ~"'"" ... ,-::ilw;<;,;~~ 2Massagearound elbow joint Supportyourpartner's arm on your knee,sothat hiselbow isslightly ralsed.Now beginto work slowly withyourthumbs and tlngers around thewholejoint. payingspecial attentionto the outer (Iateral) part oftheelbow,Stayfocusedon the underlyingstructures,but if there is soreness,work with sensitivity, ,.. ' ,~ ,.,," '1 . "-- t~I ~ ~ , " ' ~~ ,) l/ ' , :/ ~ ~ ./ "'~ 3 Thumbing across fibres of forearm Slightly raise your partner's lower arm and work tlrst up the back, and then the front, of his forearm from the wrist with slow. tlrm thumb movements that push alternately upward and autward, crassingthe tlbres of the musclesthat run dawn the arm. Give extra attentian ta the area just belaw the elbaw. t ARMS AND HANDS ~ i, J / " x I"'1 ~".' '1. .. ..," <~" I Kneadingarms With yaurpartnerIyingdawn, face hissideand beginta knead hisupper arm with tlrm.rhythmical squeezing strakes.Travelrightdawn ta his wrist. givingspecialattentian ta the musclesof the farearm, just below the elbaw. Kneadtharaughly up and dawn the arm twa ar three times. ' Li , ' " "." ,1"',< . , }, )1 ! /. ~" fi ... ~ 65
  23. 23. COMMON AILMENTS Hand and wrist pro~s Arthnk hands can benefit from gentle and sensitive massage around the joints. The sequence on these two pages mar be useful and your partner can either fie or sit. Writer'scrampismusc/efatigue " arislngfrom any sustained, repetitive movement of the hand. Try out the strokes shown here, along with the hand massages from Whole Body (see p.40), to see which feel best. Fingersand thumbs cansuffer from sprains or stralns (see p. 90)and massage can help healingand mobi/ity in the recovery period. Caution: Before treating arthritic or injuredjoints see pp. 90-3. " }!,,~'- Â.' /' ",.~~ ' 1- "'.7 .. """'°f/". ~ L) /~ (",", 1_-"'~ 7,1 ) ( ",' . .:;,;-- ";' '1: ' ~ ~I ~ ~--~'l~ "" " ~ ..':, ' "~--- 2 Flexing wrist With hisarm still upright, next stretch the back of the wrist. Support his hand by holding hiswrist. With faur free hand pressdown with faur palm on the back of his hand. Do this slowly and carefully as you canreachthe point of resistance quite quickly. '" :y r..... . 'l I " J "' ,,' , '., . .( :,~ " , ""'- ," .. ; . . 3 Extending wrist With hisarm inthe sameposition, now stretchthe front of hiswrist by pushingdown on hispalmwith faur own palm.Pressslowly to the point of resistance,then release.While you are doingthis support hislower arm with faur other hand. 66 '" "t " A! ~ ) ~ '" .- I Wrist rolling Support faur partner's forearm inar upright position, with faur palmsor the backandfront of hiswrist. Now move faur handsrapidly backand forth, rolling his wrist between them asyou go. His handshouldflap loaselyasyau da this stroke. ~. 4 Opening the palm Let faur partner's palmfacethe floor and placethe heelsaf faur handson the backof hishandand faur fingers in hispalm. Naw press down with the heelsaf faur hands and firmly lift with faur fingerssa that yau apen and spreadthe bones of hispalm. j } ( , " '" " "Ii, _ ). ~~- ...""" . I ." 0) ,r """ ~~ 1-
  24. 24. ""' '" "- " ~ .. ..) 6 -~"j, /"'", L 1 " ,1, J, ~ '/'. )~ J ,[ """'V,. , "v ~ ' 't V ~ " 7 Circling knuckle joint Haldingfaur partner's hand with anehand,clasp and isolate one of faur partner's ftngers by wrapping aiithe flngers of faur other hand flrmly around 11,as shown above. Usefaur thumb to slowly circle aroundthe knuckle joint, pushing intathe softer tlssue. Work each knucklein this way, including the thumb. .( ,, ~.;, ~ ' 5 Squeezing along channels Holding faur partner's hand in one hand, use the thumb and flrst ftnger of faur other hand to squeeze along the channels between the bones. Press in ftrmly from both sides and work slowly along the groove from wrist to web of ftnger. It is easier to work two channels with one hand and two with the other. " 6 Extendingfingers Stretch the inslde of his knuckle joints by pressing faur thumb on the back of his knuckle, with faur other hand pushing the ftngertip slowly backward tiI! you reach the point of resistance. Ask faur partner to sai "when". Extend each ftnger in turn. 8 Stretching fingers Begin, as before, by clasping the whole of faur partner's ftnger, but this time begin to squeeze, wring, and stretch down the whole length of the ftnger to the tip and off, as shown below. Give ftrmest pressure on the root and espeCially along the ligaments at the sides of the ftnger. ~ "", "" ARMS AND HANDS :i> )" ." , ," '~ /' ...of /) "" }. - -" I~ I , ~ '"' ~ -~ .') 67