İzin Verilen Yapay Resif Projeleri NO YEAR PROVINCE LOCATION MATERIAL 1 1989 İzmir Inside the Bay Tram units 2 1992 İzmir Hekim Island Cubic concrete blocks 3 1994 İzmir Between Foça- Orak Island Plus shaped concrete blocks 4 1995 İzmir Çeşme - Dalyanköy Cubic and plus shaped concrete blocks 5 1997 İzmir Inner Bay Orowed multi holed concrete blocks 6 1998 İzmir Ürkmez Pentagonal cubic concrete blocks 7 1998 İzmir Gümüldür Cubic concrete blocks 8 1999 İzmir Urla Blocks suitable for octopus 9 2000 Zonguldak Merkez, Ereğli Çaycuma 200 blocks with 40 units each 10 2001 Muğla Marmaris Concrete blocks (230 pieces) 11 3.4.2006 Antalya Alanya Ship and plane wrecks 12 18.4.2006 Antalya Merkez Concrete blocks and ship wreck 13 17.5.2006 İzmir Mordoğan Concrete blocksHere is the list of 14 30.5.2006 Balıkesir Ayvalık Ship 15 1.1.2006 MUĞLA Bodrum Coast guard boatreefs licensed and 16 1.1.2006 Muğla Bodrum Navy tankershipsettled in Turkey 17 16.4.2007 Muğla Bodrum C-47 Plane 18 1.10.2007 Antalya Üçadalar Coast guard boat 19 16.11.2007 İzmir Gümüldür Floating artificial reef 20 27.5.2009 Mersin Erdemli Ship 21 26.6.2009 Antalya Kaş Plane 22 15.9.2009 Adana Yumurtalık Concrete blocks
Why more artificial reefs in the Black Sea? Marine life of the Black Sea certainly is less diverse than that of coral reefs, but don’t we have a chance to help our sea to diversify? It has been observed that the ecosystem of the Black Sea quickly responds to external influences, both to the natural ones, like environmental factors fluctuations, or anthropogenic effects, like fisheries, construction works in the coastal zone, and all kinds of marine pollution. Therefore the creation of manmade structures is very promising in increasing the biodiversity, and filtering the coastal waters most of all.Recently, existence of some unique habitats were reported which is an indication that there is unforeseen potential in enriching the marine life in our coastal waters.
The REEFS project teamPARTNERS:BENEFICIARY Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation – BulgariaPARTNER 1 Odessa Branch of O.O.Kovalevskiy Institute of Biology of Southern Seas of, NationalAcademy of Sciences of Ukraine,Odeska Oblast;PARTNER 2 ONG Mare Nostrum – Constanta, Romania,PARTNER 3 Ilia State University, Dr. Bela JaposhviliIPA PARTNER Karadeniz Technical University – Trabzon, Turkey
Most appropriate definition considered according to the London Convention and Protocol “Guidelines for the placement of Artificial Reefs” (UNEP 2009), an artificial reef “is a submerged structure deliberately constructed or placed on the seabed to emulate some functions of a natural reef such as protecting, regenerating, concentrating, and/or enhancing populations of living marine resources. Objectives of an artificial reef may also include the protection, restoration and regeneration of aquatic habitats, and the promotion of research, recreational opportunities, and educational use of the area. The term does not include submerged structures deliberately placed to perform functions not related to those of a natural reef - such as breakwaters, mooring, cables, pipelines, marine research devices or platforms - even if they incidentally imitate some functions of a natural reef.”NOW AVAILABLE AT www.reefsproject.net
WE FOCUS ONRESEARCH ON LOST OR DAMAGED BY POLLUTION/TRAWLINGHABITATS OF BLACK SEA MUSSELS /Mytilus Galloprovincialis/ RESTORATION VIA EXPERIMENTAL REEF GRID STRUCTURES WITH TOTAL AREA OF 31 292M3
Grid Structures Reef Ball Structures VS. •Open structure allowing free flow •Increased active surface for certain cost of structure •Low risk of sedimentation inside the structure •Lack of non-overgrowing surfaces inside the structure •Well compacted for transport, handling , and installation •Easy pre-assembling the modules before placement
Test on Different AR Materials in Odessa Bay October, 2012
Structures Proposed by Scientists from Constanta, Romania Figure no.3. rages/sleepers (cross tie) Figure no. 1. Concrete slabs Figura nr.4 Pyramid structures of sleepersFigure no. 2.platform of concreteslabs
In meeting the specific objectives to establish long-term partnership platform for scientificand technical activities in favor of artificial reefs, prospective reef structures are studied at a conceptual level and proposed for pilot installation Pioneering Mussel Reefs at the Bulgarian Coast „Pyramid“ 28.05.2010 28.05.2010 Modules Unlike the traditional heavy structures, the so called “light structure approach” presumes creation of light weight low-cost modules that when installed in a certain way form the strata where larvae attach and grow. Growing mussels make the initially light and flexible structure more heavy and rigid
The Pyramids 14 months later on the national TV channel
Seven Units of Tubular-RobeStructure have been sunkclose to the Golden SandsResort, Varna in 2011
Spiral Reef Structure Has Been Already Tested in October, 2012 in Varna Bay
Commercial Aquaculture Reefs to Be Tested in Early 2013
EXPECTED FOLLOW-UP•Development of more industrialized method for manufacturing these structures (on theway);•Recommendation on the design wave conditions, i.e. return period of design wave. (tobe proposed)•Recommendation on stability calculations (to be proposed);•Recommendation on the geotechnical aspects, basically prevention of sinking in softsilt or mud (to be proposed);•Recommendation and practical implementation of a monitoring program with respectto the previous items.•Conclusions based on the monitoring data gathered and recommendations on furtherdevelopment and application on larger scale.
Mariana Stoyanova REEFS Partnership CoordinatorTHANK YOU FOR THE ATTENTION @REEEFS Project firstname.lastname@example.org www.reefsproject.net