Interviewing( speech communication)


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  • What has the business climate been? Are there technological changes occurring in the industry? How large is the company? How old is the company? What does the company do? What do you know about the position?
  • Interviewing( speech communication)

    1. 1. And Interview BLOOPERS For FunInterviewingInterviewing
    2. 2. what iswhat isinterviewing?interviewing? A formal meeting inwhich one or morepersons question,consult, or evaluateanother person..
    3. 3. Someone brought in their high school yearbookto show the employer that they were voted“Most Popular”by the senior class.Applicant Blooper
    4. 4. The Directed Interview Impersonal, seeksto reveal facts Interviewer takesnotesusing an outlineand checklist Comparesyou to othersThe Undirected / Meandering Interview Unstructured, an open discussion ofyour qualifications “Tell meabout yourself…” TheStressInterview “Hazing” in asense; createsdiscomfort How do you deal with stress? Remain calm and tactfulTypes of InterviewsTypes of Interviews
    5. 5. The Second/Follow-Up Interview Seriouscandidates; confirmation Difficulty deciding on acandidate Other decision makerswant togain asenseof you Beprepared to negotiatecompensation Morein-depth questionsThe Telephone Interview Havecopy of resumenearby Speak abit slower than usual and don’t worry about pauses Makesureroommatesor family arequiet Types of InterviewsTypes of Interviews(Continued…)(Continued…)
    6. 6. The Behavioral Interview Interested in past behaviors, “Describeatimethat required problem-solving skills, adaptability,leadership, conflict resolution,…”and “How did you deal with this? Beprepared to havestoriesto demonstrateThe Audition A simulation or brief exerciseto evaluateyour skills Inquirespecifically about theinstruction Takeownership of your workTypes of InterviewsTypes of Interviews((Continued…)Continued…)
    7. 7. The Group Interview Several applicantsat onetime Providesasenseof your leadership potentialand style How do you interact with peers? Keep an eyeon theinterviewerThe Panel/Board Interview Several interviewersarepresent Positionsareusually with gov’t agenciesor largeorganizations Maintain eyecontact when answering questions: questioner, each groupmember, back to questionerTypes of Interviews(Continued…)Continued…)
    8. 8. The Mealtime Interview Jobsthat requireinterpersonal acuity How you handleafork, how you treatyour host, other guestsand theserving staff May bestructured, informal,or socially situated; allow theinterviewer to lead conversation Takecuesfrom theinterviewer Food: order quickly, non-messy foods
    9. 9.  Your opportunity to shine Your abilities, talents, interests,personality, work experience,education, and motivation Informs you about the employer Employer needs, history, workenvironment, business activities, andfuture plans Requires skill and preparationPurpose of the InterviewPurpose of the Interview
    10. 10. Purpose of the InterviewPurpose of the Interview(continued…)(continued…)The Interviewer wants to determine: Can thecandidatedo thejob? Will thecandidatefit in? Isthisthebest candidatefor theposition?The Interviewee wants to determine: Do I want thisjob? Can I do thisjob? Doesthisjob offer metheopportunitiesI want for advancement orexperience?
    11. 11. Interviewing for a jobis oftenfilled withanxiety andfear but itdoesn’thave to bethat way.There arethings wecan do toprepareourselvesand becomemore self-confidentandrelaxed.(Being prepared is the best way toreduce anxiety and help ensure asuccessful job interview.)Dealing with Interview AnxietyDealing with Interview Anxiety
    12. 12.  Gather work samples, copies ofresume, references and place in anice case or folder Remember to bring a pen Rehearse your answers Write down your questions aboutthe job or organization Review your work history Practice your answers to commoninterview questions Sleep tight. Be prepared for surprises Preparing for the InterviewPreparing for the Interview
    13. 13. BeforeBefore the interviewthe interview Research thecompany Read about thejob/occupation. Practiceinterviewing Dressfor success Havean agenda, know what you want theinterviewer to learnabout you Anticipatewhat questionswill beasked Know your Knowledge, Skills, Abilitiesand Accomplishments Relateyour KSAsto theposition for which you areapplying Know who isinterviewing you Prepareand practiceanswersto typical questions
    14. 14. Before the interviewBefore the interviewAsk Some QuestionsAsk Some Questions How many peoplewill beinterviewing me? Will I betheonly oneinterviewed during thistime? What kind of questionswill beasked? How can I best preparefor theinterview? What arethenamesof my interviewers?
    15. 15. Beginning the InterviewBeginning the InterviewFirmly shake handsGreet all involved in theinterview process and tryto remember names.The first words you speak count ,““It is a pleasure meeting withyou ,Thank you for scheduling thistime to meet”
    16. 16.  Be friendly to everyone Follow the interviewer’s lead (direction,selecting a seat, drink, etc.) Walk with vigor and show confidence“People who walk 10% faster than theynormally do are perceived as getting moredone”
    17. 17. A balding applicant abruptly excused himself andreturned to the office a few minutes later wearing ahairpiece!Applicant BlooperApplicant Blooper
    18. 18.  Be on time Be friendly Show yourenthusiasm Be positive andhonest Maintain eyecontact Express yourself Don’t criticizepreviousemployers Be aware ofbody language Be a goodlistener Emphasize yourstrengths Be yourself Avoid personalissues Be confident Discuss waysyou cancontributeDuring the InterviewDuring the Interview
    19. 19. During this applicant’s interview, analarm went off in his briefcase. He tookit out, shut it off, apologized and saidhe had to leave for another interview!Applicant BlooperApplicant Blooper
    20. 20. ASK whenyou canexpect adecisionand if youshould callExpressthanks fortheir timeFOLLOW UP theinterview with athank-you noteor letterDO NOT GETDISCOURAGED!Learn from the process and beWhen the Interview is FinishedWhen the Interview is Finished
    21. 21. ▸ Be Realistic▸ Don’t undersell yourself▸ Negotiate▸ Don’t raise the topic of salaryin first meeting▸ Research the average salary▸ Know what you wantKNOW WHAT YOU’RE GETTING !KNOW WHAT YOU’RE GETTING !Concerning SalaryConcerning Salary
    22. 22. An applicant said, “I’ve already acceptedanother position but I thought I would showup for this interview just in case the pay wasbetter!”Applicant BlooperApplicant Blooper“Focusing Too Much On Salary”Focusing Too Much On Salary”
    23. 23.  Evaluate the interview What questions were asked? What did you say that seemed tointerest the interviewer? Did you present your Knowledge, Skills and Abilitieswell? Did you learn what you need to know about this job? What did you forget to say? Did you get a commitment from the interviewer? Do you know what the next step is in the hiringprocess? Write a thank you note to the interviewer Follow up
    24. 24. ▸ The Equal Employment OpportunityAct outlaws questions about age,national origin, marital status,sexuality, and religion▸ Be prepared for the possibility▸ If it happens, … don’t over react.▸ If you are uncomfortable, kindlyrespond that you would rather notanswer the question.Possible Interview QuestionsPossible Interview Questions
    25. 25. Central themes of questionsCentral themes of questions Suitability Credibility Capability Compatibility Affordability
    26. 26. An applicant was asked, “If you were an animal,what kind of animal would you be?” She said thatshe would be a cat because they are lazy and liearound all day!Applicant Blooper #5Applicant Blooper #5
    27. 27. Possible interview questionsPossible interview questions Tell meabout yourself Why did you leaveyour previousjob? What appealsto you about thisjob? Why should I hireyou? What areyour strengths? What areyour weaknesses? Tell mesomething negativeyou’veheard about ourcompany? Would you accept thisjob if it wereoffered to you? If you takethisjob, how long would you stay? How much salary do you want?
    28. 28. Tell me about yourselfTell me about yourself Tell your academic record Your skills Your qualification Time: 3 minutes Prepare written answer for thisquestion and rehearse
    29. 29. Too much information…Applicant Blooper #15Applicant Blooper #15
    30. 30. Why did you leave your previousWhy did you leave your previousjob?job? Never lie about having been fired(if not fired ) Best reasons would be more money Opportunity responsibility growth.
    31. 31. Applicant’s BlooperApplicant’s Blooper Why Did You Leave Your PreviousEmployment?“My boss was stupid and would always arguewith me about how to do my job”
    32. 32. What appeals to you about thisWhat appeals to you about thisjob?job? To achieve through heights work hard learn and quench my thirst of knowledge To be unique in decision making skills
    33. 33. Why should I hire you?Why should I hire you? I understand your needs I know the right contacts I know the methods I know the Principles I know successful techniques
    34. 34. Applicant’s BlooperApplicant’s Blooper Q. Why should I hire you?A. Because they say you should always hirepeople who are better than you.
    35. 35. What are your strengths ?What are your strengths ? subject knowledge Good communication skills. problem –solving skills, ability to work under pressure, ability to focus on projects, professional expertise, leadership skills and positive attitude.
    36. 36. Applicant’s BlooperApplicant’s Blooper This applicant was asked to show his strength
    37. 37. What are your weaknessWhat are your weakness ?“Disguise your weakness As strength”
    38. 38. Tell me something negativeTell me something negativeyou’ve heard about our companyyou’ve heard about our companyJust remember the rule“ never be negative “
    39. 39. Applicant’s BlooperApplicant’s Blooper Q. What five or six adjectives best describeyou?A. Really, really, really, really, really COOL.
    40. 40. Would you accept this job, ifWould you accept this job, ifwere offered to you ?were offered to you ?Yes/No (give reasons)
    41. 41. If you take this job , how longIf you take this job , how longwould you stay ?would you stay ? Do not commit yourself to a specific time Ask how long they would expect you to staywith them.
    42. 42. Applicant’s BlooperApplicant’s Blooper Q. Describe your management style.A. Dont do anything you can make someoneelse do for you.
    43. 43. How much salary do you wantHow much salary do you want“I am sure that company has already establishedrange for this position”
    44. 44.  Test your ability to operate under pressure Demonstrate your problem-solving skills Opportunity for you to think quickly,questionand communicateThe Purpose of Off-the-WallThe Purpose of Off-the-WallQuestionsQuestions
    45. 45.  Don’t find the “right answer” -show them youknow the right way to come up with the answer Usually no right or wrong answersRememberRemember
    46. 46.  What are theorganizations/companysstrengths and weaknessescompared to its competition? What would myresponsibilities and duties be? How would my performancebe evaluated? How would I be supervised? What opportunities foradvancement exist?Questions You May Want to AskQuestions You May Want to Ask
    47. 47. Questions You May Want toQuestions You May Want toAskAsk Is there a training program? Who would I be working with? Where will I be working? What percentage of routine, detailed work will Iencounter? Tip :“Your questions must show your own
    48. 48. Dress for SuccessDress for Success From head to toe should reflect impeccablegrooming. Suite, tie , shoes and other accessories should bereflection of quality person you are. It is a fact of life that we do “judge books bytheir covers.”
    49. 49. Image Tips for MenImage Tips for MenSuitsSuits Invest in aconservativecolor (black, navy or gray).Shirts Long sleevewhiteshirt isthebest option A light blueisan alternative Shirtsin 100% cotton areagood investment Haveit professionally ironed for theinterview
    50. 50. Other accessoriesOther accessoriesBelts and Shoes Leather beltsin black and dark color to match your shoesarebestTiesTies Fiber of tieshould besilk Useabright colors. Thetip of thetieshould barely touch thetop of your belt buckle Theknot should besmall
    51. 51. Image Tips for WomenImage Tips for Women Dark or conservative colors are best option Avoid excessive jewelry Keep make up conservative Shoes should be leather or fabric Purse should be small and coordinate with your dress
    52. 52.  Enter into the room confidently Firmly shake hand Wait for an offer to sit Sit straight Body should be in line whilesitting Make eye contact withinterviewerPosture / Body languageDuring the Interview
    53. 53.  Speak with confidence clearly Project your voice so that you are heard Adjust your voice according to situationVoice Image
    54. 54.  Nervousness is normal Take a deep breath andtry to be “RELAX” Don’t be panicRemember…Remember…
    55. 55. Avoid bad habitsAvoid bad habits Nail biting Pen clicking Playing with paper weight Tapping your fingers Don’t chew gum or smoke Don’t bring family or friends to theinterview Don’t use slang language Don’t just say “yes” or “no” in youranswer give some brief if necessary
    56. 56. Be Prepared!The Key to a SuccessfulThe Key to a SuccessfulJob Interview?Job Interview?