By Cristina Campos 2 A ESO
I.E. V Cañada Blanch London
Gods and Heroes
Although the gods were immortal, they
looked human. The most important god
was Zeus.He lived on Mount Olympus with
the other important gods and goddesses.
The Greeks also believed in heroes.
Heroes such as Achilles, Ullysses or
Hercules were very powerful but mortal.
Zeus was the king of the gods, the ruler of
Mount Olympus and the god of the sky,
weather, thunder, law, order and fate. His
symbols are the thunderbolt, the royal
sceptre, and eagle.
Hades was the king of the Underworld and
god of death, the dead, and the hidden
wealth of the Earth. His attributes are the
key of Hades, the Helm of Darkness, and
the three-headed dog, Cerberus.
Demeter was the goddess of fertility,
agriculture, horticulture, grain and
harvest. Her symbols are the Cornucopia
(horn of plenty), wheat-ears, the winged
serpent and the lotus staff.
Hestia was the virgin goddess of the
hearth, home and cooking. Her symbols
are the hearth and kettle.
Poseidon was the god of the sea, rivers,
floods, droughts, earthquakes and horses
His attributes are the trident, dolphins and
Hera was the queen of Heaven and
goddess of marriage, women, childbirth,
heirs, kings and empires. Her symbols are
the diadem, lotus-staff, peacock, cuckoo
Hephaestus was the Crippled god of fire,
metalworking, stonemasonry, sculpture
and volcanism. His symbols are the
hammer, tongs and anvil.
Ares was the god of war, bloodlust,
violence, manly courage, and civil order.
His attributes are a golden armour and a
bronze-tipped spear, and his sacred
animals are the eagle owl, the vulture and
the venomous snake.
Athena was the virgin goddess of wisdom,
warfare, strategy, heroic endeavour,
handicrafts and reason. Her symbols
include the aegis, the owl and the olive
Apollo was the god of music, healing,
plague, prophecies, poetry, and archery;
associated with light, truth and the sun.
He had various attributes including a
laurel wreath, a bow and quiver, a raven,
and a lyre.
Artemis was the virgin goddess of the hunt, wilderness,
wild animals, childbirth and plague. In later times she
became associated with the moon. In addition to the
bow, her attributes include hunting spears, animal pelts,
deer and other wild animals.
Dionysus was the god of wine, parties and
festivals, madness, drunkenness and
pleasure. His attributes include the thyrsus
(a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup,
grape vine and a crown of ivy.
Hermes was the god of travel, messengers,
trade, thievery, cunning wiles, language, writing,
diplomacy, athletics and animal husbandry. His
attributes include the herald's wand or
caduceus, winged sandals, and a traveler's cap.
Aphrodite was the goddess of love, lust,
beauty, seduction and pleasure. Her
symbols include the dove, an apple, a
scallop shell and a myrtle wreath.