Land Pollution Pertaining to Garbage Disposal in the Philippines

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This presentation is our group's report about Land Pollution Pertaining to Garbage Disposal in the Philippines to fulfill a requirement in Introduction to Ecology.

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Land Pollution Pertaining to Garbage Disposal in the Philippines

  1. 1. Land Pollution Pertaining to Garbage Disposal in the Philippines A report by Jovy Delfin, Karol Lonzaga and Frances Pascua /mjpd
  2. 2. DEFINITION OF TERMS (keywords) • Land pollution – the deposition of solid or liquid waste materials on land or underground contaminating the soil and groundwater and threaten public health • Contaminate – make something impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance /mjpd
  3. 3. NATURE AND SCOPE Land pollution • the degradation of Earth's land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. • occurs when waste is not disposed properly. Major Causes: • Urbanization– increasing number of people that live in urban areas • Industrialization – a process that happens in countries when they start to use machines to do work that was once done by people /mjpd
  4. 4. URBANIZATION /mjpd INDUSTRIALIZATION
  5. 5. NATURE AND SCOPE Types of Waste Materials: • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW, also called municipal refuse) /mjpd
  6. 6. NATURE AND SCOPE Types of Waste Materials: • Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste or debris /mjpd
  7. 7. NATURE AND SCOPE Types of Waste Materials: • Hazardous waste /mjpd
  8. 8. NATURE AND SCOPE MSW from homes, institutions, commercial establishments and industrial facilities include nonhazardous: • garbage containing moist and biodegradable food wastes (meat and vegetable scraps) • rubbish comprising mostly dry materials (paper, glass, textiles, and plastic objects) • trash includes bulky waste materials and objects that are not collected routinely for disposal (discarded mattresses, appliances, pieces of furniture) /mjpd
  9. 9. NATURE AND SCOPE C&D waste (or debris) includes: • wood • metal objects • wallboard • concrete rubble • asphalt • inert materials (produced when structures are built, renovated, or demolished) /mjpd
  10. 10. NATURE AND SCOPE Hazardous wastes include harmful and dangerous substances by various: • chemical manufacturing companies • petroleum refineries • paper mills • smelters • machine shops • dry cleaners • automobile repair shops • many other industries or commercial facilities /mjpd
  11. 11. HISTORY /mjpd
  12. 12. HISTORY Local Government Units (LGUs) /mjpd
  13. 13. HISTORY Sanitary Landfills /mjpd
  14. 14. HISTORY Material Recovery Facilities /mjpd
  15. 15. HISTORY /mjpd
  16. 16. CAUSES 1. Throwing of garbage anywhere. /mjpd
  17. 17. CAUSES 2. Undisciplined citizens not disposing garbage properly. /mjpd
  18. 18. CAUSES 3. Improper segregation of waste materials. /mjpd
  19. 19. EFFECTS • Soil Contamination /mjpd
  20. 20. EFFECTS • Air Contamination /mjpd
  21. 21. EFFECTS • Animals and Marine Life /mjpd
  22. 22. EFFECTS • Animals and Marine Life /mjpd
  23. 23. EFFECTS • Animals and Marine Life /mjpd
  24. 24. EFFECTS • Animals and Marine Life /mjpd
  25. 25. MITIGATION • Pay-as-you-throw program for communities ex. purchasing special garbage bags from the municipality and through the purchase of special stickers that would need to be affixed to each can or bag that was to be collected /mjpd
  26. 26. REFERENCE/S: •Watts, Jonathan. (June 12, 2012). Scientists: China’s soil pollution could be a bigger longterm problem than air or water. Retrieved from http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2012/06/12/scientistschinas-soil-pollution-could-be-a-bigger-long-term-problem-than-air-or-water/ •Waste Management Options | Waste Management for Homeland Security Incidents US EPA. (August 12, 2013) Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/osw/homeland/options.htm •Air Pollution Facts, Air Pollution Effects, Air Pollution Solutions, Air Pollution Causes – National Geographic. Retrieved from http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/globalwarming/pollution-overview/ •thinkgreen. e-talk:everything is interconnected. | Page 2. (March 16, 2007). Retrieved from http://thinkgreen.wordpress.com/page/2/ •Environmental Management Bureau Air > Home > The Philippine Clean Air Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.emb.gov.ph/portal/air/Home/ThePhilippineCleanAirAct.aspx •Hazardous Material Management | Environmental Health & Safety | Washington University in St. Louis. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ehs.wustl.edu/hmm/Pages/default.aspx •File:Material recovery facility 2004-03-24.jpg – Wikimedia Commons. (August 19, 2005). Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Material_recovery_facility_2004-03-24.jpg •MRF (Materials Recovery Facilities). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.zerowaste.sa.gov.au/resource-centre/image-gallery/mrf-materials-recovery-facilities •Municipal Budget Office | Local Government Unit of Tubigon, Bohol. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.tubigon.gov.ph/directory/municipal-budget-office/ •.:| DILG : |:.. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dilg.gov.ph/news.php?id=596&newsCategory=Central •Urbanization – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (March 7, 2014). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urbanization •Industrialization – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (December 13, 2013). Retrieved from http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrialization •MMRDA to frame policy for construction and demolition waste disposal | Urban News Digest. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.urbannewsdigest.in/?p=5569 •ASEAN Biodiversity Updates. (May 2012). Retrieved from http://enews.aseanbiodiversity.org/acb_eweb_may12/ /mjpd
  27. 27. REFERENCE/S: •Lytle, Claire Le Guern. (November 11. 2009). Plastic Pollution | Coastal Care. Retrieved from http://coastalcare.org/2009/11/plastic-pollution/ •Save Our Shores Plastic Pollution. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://saveourshores.org/what-wedo/pollution-prevention.php •Environment: Water pollution & climate change may be killing our oceans | Open Knowledge. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://knowledge.allianz.com/environment/pollution/?731/water-pollution-andclimate-change-may-be-killing-our-oceans-gallery •Municipal Solid Waste | Processing, Separation & Recycling of MSW. (December 12, 2013). Retrieved from http://www.seerdrum.com/municipal-solid-waste.html •Effects on Environment. (September 27, 2011). Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/llb5080/mysite/Effects.html •landfil. (October 2009). Retrieved from http://www.oocities.org/green_juris/landfil.html •Pay as you throw. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/07/06846/ •AccessFayettville.org | The City of Fayetteville, Arkansas | Residential Waste and Recycling Pay-As-You-Throw Trash Cart Program. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.accessfayetteville.org/government/solid_waste/residential/residential%20cart%20program.cf m /mjpd

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