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Hispania unit 4


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Unit 4 Hispania.
Ina Osman, profesora CLILL, Inglés.

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Hispania unit 4

  1. 1. In this unit you will learn about: People in the Peninsula before Romans. The Roman conquest. The Romanisation
  2. 2. History began when writing was invented about 5,000 years ago.
  3. 3. Around the year 1,000 BC many different cultures lived on the Iberian Peninsula: o Tartessians o Celts o Iberians
  4. 4.  Tartessos is still a mystery.  Tartessos was a wealthy city near the modern city of Cadiz, which was called Gades in ancient times.  Their ships were on the Atlantic side of the Pillars of Hercules, known as modern Gibraltar.  The last and most famous king was Argantonio.
  5. 5.  They lived in the northern and central part of the peninsula.  They worked at crop and farming, but they never built cities.  They were also very clean. They invented the soap!  Around 500 BCE, the ancient Celts migrated to modern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and the Isle of Man.  Their culture lives on today in music, dance, story, and
  6. 6.  They lived in the eastern and southern parts of the Peninsula.  They knew how to learn and write.  They cultivated cereals, vines and olive trees
  7. 7. Also during the first millenium before Christ, Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians, great travellers and traders, arrived from the other side of the Mediterranean. They heard wonders of the new lands!
  8. 8. • They came from Phoenicia (today, Libanon). • They came to the Iberian Peninsula only for TRADING. • They exchanged manufacturated products (like textiles or pottery for metals). • Phoenicians founded GADIR (later, Cádiz)
  9. 9. • They came from Greece. • They came to the Iberian Peninsula only for TRADING. • They introduced olive trees and money. • Greeks founded AMPURIAS.
  10. 10. • They came from CARTHAGE (today, Tunisia). • They came to the Iberian Peninsula for conquering new lands. • Colonies founded: - Ebussus (Ibiza) - Cartago Nova (Cartagena).
  11. 11.  Romans gave the Iberian Peninsula the name of Hispania.  Romans wanted to conquer Hispania because they wanted to dominate trade in the Mediterranean and , this way, build a great Empire.  However…
  12. 12. …Carthaginians also wanted to gain control over the Mediterranean and build their own great empire!!!
  13. 13. The wars between Carthaginians and Romans are known as There were three Punic Wars. The second of them took place on the Iberian Peninsula.
  14. 14.  Rome declared the war to Carthago, when Hannibal invaded the city of Sagunto (an ally of Rome).  General Publio Cornelio Escipión arrived at the Iberian Peninsula to fight the Carthaginians. Therefore, the conquest of the Iberian peninsula began.
  15. 15.  In spring, 218 B.C., Hannibal marched through the Pyrenees with more than 100,000 troops and 40 war elephants.  Hannibal finally exited the Alps with just 20,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and only one of the elephants.
  16. 16. .  The process of acquiring language, customs, culture and economy from Rome is called Romanization.  This process means the unification of most European nations and peoples
  17. 17. Now, let´s see TOP 10 roman contributions. Drum roll please…
  18. 18. Number 10 ROADS o The Roman roads were essential for the growth of the Roman empire, by enabling the Romans to move armies. o A proverb says that "all roads lead to Rome." o At its peak, the Roman road system spanned 52,819 miles.
  19. 19. Number 9 LAW o The concept in a trial by jury was created by the Romans. o The Romans realized the importance of the “innocent until proven guilty” method of justice. o Latin can be seen in the treaties of International Law today.
  20. 20. Number 8 ARQUITECTU RE o In the first century BC, a new material was invented. It was the concrete, a strong substitute for stone. o Concrete quickly supplanted marble as the primary building material, with great pillars supporting broad arches.
  21. 21. Number 7 MASS ENTERTAIMENT o Romans gave us stadiums & amphitheatres. They are the ancestors of modern stadiums!
  22. 22. Number 6 ALPHABET o The Roman alphabet and Latin language is the basis for most European languages. o Latin is used today for scientific and medical Terminology. Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Italian are all based on Latin. English and the other European (Germanic) languages have many Latin root words.
  23. 23. Number 5 BRIDGES The Romans built bridges that could span long rivers. Many of these bridges are still standing today. ALCANTARA BRIDGE, SPAIN
  24. 24. Number 4 AQUEDUCTS To carry water from the high ground to a village or town the Romans were masters of building aqueducts that would transport much needed water.
  25. 25. Number 3 POLITICAL SYSTEM o The pax romana: which allowed free trade and a free exchange of ideas and information. o The Republic and Senate, which have been inspiration for modern democracies.
  26. 26. Number 2 CALENDARS o The Romans first created a calendar to record and keep track of time.
  27. 27. Number 1: FAST FOOD Believe it or not, there have been found numerous fast food restaurants in Pompeii and other parts of ancient Rome!!