Rocks and Minerals
Georgia Performance Standards
 Science:

S3E1- Students will investigate the
physical attributes of rocks and
minerals.
...
Do you know the difference
between a rock and a mineral?
In this lesson, you
will become a
geologist. Your job
is to inves...
Types of Rocks

Sedimentary

shale

Metamorphic

slate

conglomerate

Igneous

granite

gneiss

basalt
Sedimentary Rocks


Broken rocks,
shells, mineral
grains, and other
materials are all
sediments.



All these sediments
...
Metamorphic Rocks



Made by extreme pressure and/or heat



Can you identify either rock? 
Igneous Rocks


These rocks are
formed from cooled
magma.



Magma is melted
rock deep inside
the earth.



Magma on th...
Discover How Rocks are Formed


Click on the
website below to
learn more about
the three types of
rocks and how they
are ...
They are both
pressed down.

Sedimentary
All are made of
minerals.

Metamorphic

Igneous

Both Experience heat
and pressur...
What are Minerals?
Look at all
of my gold,
I’m rich!!

A mineral is a solid
material made of
one substance,
that occurs
na...
Gold

The first gold
rush in America
was in
Dahlonega, Ga.

Used to make
money and
jewelry.

in the 1830’s.

Calcite

Form...
After surveying the
class about our
favorite gemstone,
here are the
results:

Our Favorite Gemstones

8
sapphire
3

Which ...
Lets Do Math!
Read the graph below. Create two
questions about the various items and
there hardness according to Moh’s
har...
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Rocks and Minerals

  1. 1. Rocks and Minerals
  2. 2. Georgia Performance Standards  Science: S3E1- Students will investigate the physical attributes of rocks and minerals.  Math: M3D1- Students will create and interpret simple tables and graphs.
  3. 3. Do you know the difference between a rock and a mineral? In this lesson, you will become a geologist. Your job is to investigate the differences between a rock and mineral. Have fun!!  Granite-rock Gold-mineral
  4. 4. Types of Rocks Sedimentary shale Metamorphic slate conglomerate Igneous granite gneiss basalt
  5. 5. Sedimentary Rocks  Broken rocks, shells, mineral grains, and other materials are all sediments.  All these sediments collect in layers to form sedimentary rocks.
  6. 6. Metamorphic Rocks  Made by extreme pressure and/or heat  Can you identify either rock? 
  7. 7. Igneous Rocks  These rocks are formed from cooled magma.  Magma is melted rock deep inside the earth.  Magma on the crust of the earth is called molten lava.
  8. 8. Discover How Rocks are Formed  Click on the website below to learn more about the three types of rocks and how they are formed. http://sln.fi.edu/fellows/payton/rocks/create/index.html
  9. 9. They are both pressed down. Sedimentary All are made of minerals. Metamorphic Igneous Both Experience heat and pressure.
  10. 10. What are Minerals? Look at all of my gold, I’m rich!! A mineral is a solid material made of one substance, that occurs naturally on Earth. Most of the common minerals are made of crystals.
  11. 11. Gold The first gold rush in America was in Dahlonega, Ga. Used to make money and jewelry. in the 1830’s. Calcite Forms in cubes and rectangular prisms. Used in toothpaste, soap, glue, and gum. Talc It is one of the softest minerals. Talcum Powder Diamond Hardest rock in the world. Used to make jewelry. Silver One if man’s favorites, shiny and hard to find. Used to make jewelry and coins.
  12. 12. After surveying the class about our favorite gemstone, here are the results: Our Favorite Gemstones 8 sapphire 3 Which gemstone does our class like the most? The least? 1 7 2 ruby diamond emerald turquoise
  13. 13. Lets Do Math! Read the graph below. Create two questions about the various items and there hardness according to Moh’s hardness scale. Exchange your questions with a classmate and check their answers. Moh's Hardness Scale 8 7 6 5 4 3 Series1 2 1 0 fingernail penny glass streak plate steel nail

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