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LESSON 8: NATURE AND BACKGROUND OF BASKETBALL
Basketball is a team sport, wherein the objective is to shoot a ball through a basket horizontally
positioned to score points while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams of five players play on a
marked rectangular court with a basket at each width end. Basketball is one of the world's most popular
and widely viewed sports. A regulation basketball hoop consists of a rim 18 inches in diameter and 10
feet high mounted to a backboard. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket
during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to
the basket than the three-point line, and three points (known commonly as a 3-pointer or three) if the
player is behind the three-point line. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but
additional time (overtime) may be issued when the game ends with a draw. The ball can be advanced on
the court by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or throwing, (passing) it to a team mate. It is a
violation to move without dribbling the ball (travelling), to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then
resume dribbling (double dribble). Various violations are generally called "fouls". Disruptive physical
contact (a personal foul) is penalized, and a free throw is usually awarded to an offensive player if he is
fouled while shooting the ball. A technical foul may also be issued when certain infractions occur, most
commonly for unsportsmanlike conduct on the part of a player or coach. Basketball is carefully regulated;
numerous variations of basketball have developed for casual play. Competitive basketball is primarily an
indoor sport played on a carefully marked and maintained basketball court, but less regulated variations
are often played outdoors in both inner city and remote areas.
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL
Basketball was invented in December 1891 by the Canadian clergyman, educator, and physician
James Naismith. Naismith introduced the game when he was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian
Association Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. At the request of his
superior, Dr. Luther H. Gulick, he organized a vigorous recreation suitable for indoor winter play. The
game involved elements of American football, soccer, and hockey, and the first ball used was a soccer
ball. Teams had nine players, and the goals were wooden peach baskets affixed to the walls. By 1897-
1898, teams of five became standard. 62 The game rapidly spread nationwide and to Canada and other
parts of the world, played by both women and men; it also became a popular informal outdoor game. U.S.
servicemen in World War II (1939-1945) popularized the sport in many other countries.
A number of U.S. colleges adopted the game between about 1893 and 1895.In 1934 the first
college games were staged in New York City's Madison Square Garden, and college basketball began to
attract heightened interest. By the 1950s basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the
way for a growth of interest in professional basketball.
The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in 1898 to protect players from
exploitation and to promote a less rough game. This league only lasted five years before disbanding; its
demise spawned a number of loosely organized leagues throughout the northeastern United States. One
of the first and greatest pro teams was the Original Celtics, organized about 1915 in New York City. They
played as many as 150 games a season and dominated basketball until 1936. The Harlem Globetrotters,
founded in 1927, a notable exhibition team, specializes in amusing court antics and expert ball handling.
In 1949 two subsequent professional leagues, The National Basketball League (formed in 1937)
and the Basketball Association of America (1946) merged to create the National Basketball Association
(NBA). The Boston Celtics, led by their center Bill Russell, dominated the NBA from the late 1950s
through the 1960s. By the 1960s, pro teams from coast to coast played before crowds of many millions
annually. Wilt Chamberlain, a center for the Los Angeles Lakers, was another leading player during the
era, and his battles with Russell were eagerly anticipated. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, also a center, came to
prominence during the 1970s. Jabbar perfected his famed "sky hook" shot while playing for the Los
Angeles Lakers and dominated the opposition.
The NBA suffered a drop in popularity during the late 1970s, but was resuscitated, principally
through the growing popularity of its most prominent players. Larry Bird of the Boston Celtics, and Magic
Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers are credited with injecting excitement into the league in the 1980s
through their superior skills and decade-long rivalry. During the late 1980s Michael Jordan of the Chicago
Bulls rose to stardom and helped the Bulls dominate the NBA during the early 1990s.
In 1959 a Basketball Hall of Fame was founded in Springfield, Massachusetts. Its rosters include
the names of great players, coaches, referees, and people who have contributed significantly to the
development of the game.
Facilities and Equipment in Playing Basketball
Basketball is a simple game; it doesn’t require any equipment other than a hoop, a ball and a flat
court. Even two players can play and have fun with basketball.
Basket A hoop or basket with net around its circumference and of 18-inch diameter is firmly hung
horizontally from a rectangular backboard of 3.5 feet height and 6 feet width on either sides of the court.
The rim of the hoop is 10 feet above the ground. The backboard in various international competitions is
transparent for better visibility
Ball Basketball is an orange-colored and rough-textured spherical ball with black contours usually
made of leather or composite tough materials. The ball is bounced continuously (dribbling), thrown
through the air to other players (passing), and towards the basket (shooting). So a typical basketball must
be very durable and easy to hold on to.
The Backboard and Rim The regulation height above the ground for the rim (hoop) is 10 feet, and
the rim is 18 inches in diameter. Backboards are 6 feet wide (72 inches) by 42 inches tall, with the inner
square being 24 inches wide by 18 inches tall
Basketball Court Design a standard international basketball court is an indoor, rectangular court
with dimensions 50 feet wide × 94 feet long. Courts at schools may be smaller. The court is divided into
two symmetrical halves, one for each team. Various markings are painted on the court. There’s a circle at
the center, free throw semi circles, restricted areas and three-point lines are marked on either side of the
court. A no charge semi-circular area is marked just below the basket.
The Foul Line For all size courts the 'foul line' is 15 feet in front of the backboard. 2 inches wide
and can vary in.
The Key is 12 feet wide and is the same for all basketball courts. The backboard extends four feet
out over the baseline into the key. A half circle of diameter 6 foot extends from the foul line away from the
basket to complete the key.
Line markings all line markings on the floor are two inches wide and vary in color.
Other Equipment There may be some more equipment for convenience.
Some international courts have a game clock that makes a beep at the end of each period. Some
also show the shot clock countdown.
Sometimes, the back boards have bordering lights that light up and indicate that a period is about
to end.
LESSON9: BASIC SKILLS IN BASKETBALL
Basketball is a fast-paced game that requires the knowledge and skills to play properly and successfully.
The sport of basketball requires five basic skills.
A. SHOOTING
In order to score points in basketball, you need to shoot the ball into the hoop. This requires the
ability to properly hold and throw the ball into the air toward the basket while avoiding the opposing team.
Making a proper shot requires precision, proper arm extension and enough lift from the legs. Remember
BEEF (Balance, Eyes, Elbow, And Follow Through) when shooting the ball.
1. Jump Shot
A shot executed with both feet taken off from the floor in a vertical jump, with arms straight
upward, and legs and feet slightly apart in the air.
2. Dunk or Fancy Shot
A shot that is commonly known as slam dunk. It is executed forcefully, putting the ball directly
into the hoop.

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PEH4-LESSON-8-9.docx

  • 1. LESSON 8: NATURE AND BACKGROUND OF BASKETBALL Basketball is a team sport, wherein the objective is to shoot a ball through a basket horizontally positioned to score points while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams of five players play on a marked rectangular court with a basket at each width end. Basketball is one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports. A regulation basketball hoop consists of a rim 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high mounted to a backboard. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the basket than the three-point line, and three points (known commonly as a 3-pointer or three) if the player is behind the three-point line. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time (overtime) may be issued when the game ends with a draw. The ball can be advanced on the court by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or throwing, (passing) it to a team mate. It is a violation to move without dribbling the ball (travelling), to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling (double dribble). Various violations are generally called "fouls". Disruptive physical contact (a personal foul) is penalized, and a free throw is usually awarded to an offensive player if he is fouled while shooting the ball. A technical foul may also be issued when certain infractions occur, most commonly for unsportsmanlike conduct on the part of a player or coach. Basketball is carefully regulated; numerous variations of basketball have developed for casual play. Competitive basketball is primarily an indoor sport played on a carefully marked and maintained basketball court, but less regulated variations are often played outdoors in both inner city and remote areas.
  • 2. HISTORY OF BASKETBALL Basketball was invented in December 1891 by the Canadian clergyman, educator, and physician James Naismith. Naismith introduced the game when he was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. At the request of his superior, Dr. Luther H. Gulick, he organized a vigorous recreation suitable for indoor winter play. The game involved elements of American football, soccer, and hockey, and the first ball used was a soccer ball. Teams had nine players, and the goals were wooden peach baskets affixed to the walls. By 1897- 1898, teams of five became standard. 62 The game rapidly spread nationwide and to Canada and other parts of the world, played by both women and men; it also became a popular informal outdoor game. U.S. servicemen in World War II (1939-1945) popularized the sport in many other countries. A number of U.S. colleges adopted the game between about 1893 and 1895.In 1934 the first college games were staged in New York City's Madison Square Garden, and college basketball began to attract heightened interest. By the 1950s basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball. The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in 1898 to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game. This league only lasted five years before disbanding; its demise spawned a number of loosely organized leagues throughout the northeastern United States. One of the first and greatest pro teams was the Original Celtics, organized about 1915 in New York City. They played as many as 150 games a season and dominated basketball until 1936. The Harlem Globetrotters, founded in 1927, a notable exhibition team, specializes in amusing court antics and expert ball handling. In 1949 two subsequent professional leagues, The National Basketball League (formed in 1937) and the Basketball Association of America (1946) merged to create the National Basketball Association (NBA). The Boston Celtics, led by their center Bill Russell, dominated the NBA from the late 1950s through the 1960s. By the 1960s, pro teams from coast to coast played before crowds of many millions annually. Wilt Chamberlain, a center for the Los Angeles Lakers, was another leading player during the era, and his battles with Russell were eagerly anticipated. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, also a center, came to prominence during the 1970s. Jabbar perfected his famed "sky hook" shot while playing for the Los Angeles Lakers and dominated the opposition.
  • 3. The NBA suffered a drop in popularity during the late 1970s, but was resuscitated, principally through the growing popularity of its most prominent players. Larry Bird of the Boston Celtics, and Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers are credited with injecting excitement into the league in the 1980s through their superior skills and decade-long rivalry. During the late 1980s Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls rose to stardom and helped the Bulls dominate the NBA during the early 1990s. In 1959 a Basketball Hall of Fame was founded in Springfield, Massachusetts. Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees, and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game. Facilities and Equipment in Playing Basketball
  • 4. Basketball is a simple game; it doesn’t require any equipment other than a hoop, a ball and a flat court. Even two players can play and have fun with basketball. Basket A hoop or basket with net around its circumference and of 18-inch diameter is firmly hung horizontally from a rectangular backboard of 3.5 feet height and 6 feet width on either sides of the court. The rim of the hoop is 10 feet above the ground. The backboard in various international competitions is transparent for better visibility Ball Basketball is an orange-colored and rough-textured spherical ball with black contours usually made of leather or composite tough materials. The ball is bounced continuously (dribbling), thrown through the air to other players (passing), and towards the basket (shooting). So a typical basketball must be very durable and easy to hold on to. The Backboard and Rim The regulation height above the ground for the rim (hoop) is 10 feet, and the rim is 18 inches in diameter. Backboards are 6 feet wide (72 inches) by 42 inches tall, with the inner square being 24 inches wide by 18 inches tall Basketball Court Design a standard international basketball court is an indoor, rectangular court with dimensions 50 feet wide × 94 feet long. Courts at schools may be smaller. The court is divided into two symmetrical halves, one for each team. Various markings are painted on the court. There’s a circle at the center, free throw semi circles, restricted areas and three-point lines are marked on either side of the court. A no charge semi-circular area is marked just below the basket.
  • 5. The Foul Line For all size courts the 'foul line' is 15 feet in front of the backboard. 2 inches wide and can vary in. The Key is 12 feet wide and is the same for all basketball courts. The backboard extends four feet out over the baseline into the key. A half circle of diameter 6 foot extends from the foul line away from the basket to complete the key. Line markings all line markings on the floor are two inches wide and vary in color. Other Equipment There may be some more equipment for convenience. Some international courts have a game clock that makes a beep at the end of each period. Some also show the shot clock countdown. Sometimes, the back boards have bordering lights that light up and indicate that a period is about to end.
  • 6. LESSON9: BASIC SKILLS IN BASKETBALL Basketball is a fast-paced game that requires the knowledge and skills to play properly and successfully. The sport of basketball requires five basic skills. A. SHOOTING In order to score points in basketball, you need to shoot the ball into the hoop. This requires the ability to properly hold and throw the ball into the air toward the basket while avoiding the opposing team. Making a proper shot requires precision, proper arm extension and enough lift from the legs. Remember BEEF (Balance, Eyes, Elbow, And Follow Through) when shooting the ball. 1. Jump Shot A shot executed with both feet taken off from the floor in a vertical jump, with arms straight upward, and legs and feet slightly apart in the air. 2. Dunk or Fancy Shot A shot that is commonly known as slam dunk. It is executed forcefully, putting the ball directly into the hoop.
  • 7. 3. Set Shot It is a two-handed shot usually done from a stationary position, without jumping off the ground. 4. Free Throws A shot that is given to the team that the foul was committed against.It is worth one point. 5. Lay up Shot It is a shot done near the basket. The player takes off on one foot, reaching out with one hand, and bouncing the ball off the backboard to put it in the basket. B. DRIBBLING
  • 8. Dribbling is a ball handling skill that allows you to move up and down the court while you’re in possession of the ball. 1. Control Dribble This can be used to protect the ball from an opponent who is close by. 2. Speed Dribble This can be done during a fast break. C. PASSING Passing is a way for players to move the ball from one member of the team to another in order to find a teammate who is open for a shot. 1. Chest Pass This pass originates from the chest, generally with one foot forward towards the receiver, knees flexed slightly and the ball released with extended arms and proper wrist snap.
  • 9. 2. Overhead Pass The overhead pass is performed with the ball held overhead and passed above the defender. 3. Bounce Pass The object is to get the ball to a teammate on the first bounce. The ball must be bounced a little more than halfway between the two players.
  • 10. 4. No look pass The no-look pass is designed to confuse the defense with the passer looking to a different direction than the intended receiver. 5. Outlet Pass It is the pass used by the defensive rebounder to start a fast break. This pass is often a two- hand overhead pass or a bounce pass. D. RUNNING Running is another basic skills that a basketball player should possess. During the game, players run up and down the court as the game transitions between offense and defense .
  • 11. E. JUMPING Jumping is an offensive skill during the jump ball at the start of the game, while taking shots and sometimes, while trying to catch a pass. On the defensive, you will need the ability to jump when trying to block a shot or a pass. Being able to out jump your opponent for a rebound is also important. ORIGINS OF BASKETBALL Basketball is the only major sport of U.S. origin. On January 15, 1892, James Naismith published his rules for the game of "Basket Ball" that he invented. The original game played under rules that were quite different from the one played today as there was no dribbling, dunking, three- pointers, shot clock, and goal tending was legal. RULES OF BASKETBALL A jump ball is done to start the game or resume the game. At least two players of the opposing teams fight for control of the ball after it is tossed up by the official. The basket or the hoop is placed at the height of 10 feet on a back board. Each team tries to protect the goal on their side while trying to make a goal on the opponent’s side of the court. The ball is dribbled and passed among the teammate until one is able one to take a shot. The opposite team tries to get the ball while it is being passed to take control of it. When a player commits a foul, the other team gets a chance for a free throw or to inbound the ball. Each goal carries two points and each free throw one point. The shot made beyond the line that forms an arc is worth three points. The team with higher score wins the game. Players can be substituted by a player from the bench. Personal fouls include many types of illegal physical contact such as hitting, pushing, slapping, holding, sticking out a limb to block the path of the opponent. Violations include walking/ traveling, carrying/palming, double dribble, held ball, goaltending, backcourt violation and holding inbound ball beyond time restriction. In the international sport, each game is divided into four 10 minute periods. However, if there’s a tie at the end of 40 minutes, they play for an extended period of 5 minutes. After the first period and after the third period, the players take 2 minute breaks. After the second period, the players take a 15 minute break and exchange baskets. After a break, the last player holding the ball throws the ball in and starts the next period.