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Conflict in northern ireland


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Conflict in northern ireland

  1. 1. Conflict in 
 Northern Ireland
  2. 2. Introduction ● Conflict in NI killed thousands ● Political and religious roots ● Protestant Unionist community : remain part of the United Kingdom. ● Catholic Nationalist community : leave the UK and become part of the Republic of Ireland
  3. 3. Origins / Brief history ● 1170: Ireland becomes England’s first colony ● 16th century: reign of Henry VIII, beginning of Protestantism ● 17th century: English and Scottish Protestants move to Ireland and begin to take Catholic lands ● 1690 : Battle of the Boyne : Protestant King William of Orange defeated Catholic King James II
  4. 4. ● 1916: The Easter Rising : Irish rebels fight against the British Army in Dublin, five days of fighting ● 1922: Independence from Britain, area with Protestant majority remained. Northern Ireland was created. ● Many members of IRA imprisoned ● 1960: Civil Rights Movement
  5. 5. The Troubles ● Refers to 3 decades of violence 1969-99 (More than 3000 deaths) ● Began in 1969 : civil rights protests and Loyalist counter protests begin violence ● Conflict between British troops and IRA ● Loyalist groups respond with sectarian violence against Catholics ● 1972 : Bloody Sunday : civil rights march in Derry, British Army kill 14 men ● 80s/90s : bombs, hunger strikes, terrorist attacks
  6. 6. Issues of conflict ●Economy ●National Identity ●Equal rights and opportunities ●Independence after colonisation
  7. 7. Peace in sight ● 1998 : Good Friday Agreement : two terrorist groups come to a ceasefire. They learn to share power ● 2005 : IRA agree to end violence and destroys weapons
  8. 8. Nowadays ● Underlying conflict still remains ● Bomb scares etc ● Catholic and Protestant areas/schools ● Different celebrations (12th July) ● Flag conflict ● Peace line ● Young people involved in politics ● Distinguish politics and religion ● Less discrimination
  9. 9. Conclusion ● Ongoing conflict today ! ● Young people in politics will help improve the situation ! ● In my opinion, Northern Ireland is in a strong position while we are part of the UK ! ● People who remain backward and cause conflict need to change their attitude in order to stop the cycle of sectarianism through the generations
  10. 10. Speaking questions ● What did you know about the conflict in Northern Ireland before seeing this presentation? ● World media often represents Northern Ireland as a violent place. Is this a fair representation? ● What do you think the people of Northern Ireland should do to ensure a peaceful future?