Cardiac Valvulopathy is a condition in which
the heart valve becomes inflamed and stiff.
The valve does not retain
adequately the blood
during the period of the
cycle in which the valve
must remain closed,
producing the returning
of the blood towards the
The valves can get damaged for infections, for
traumatism, for aging, etc. Years ago the
fundamental reason was the rheumatic fever,
an infrequent disease now in the countries
The most frequent is the degenerative
valvulopatía in elderly patients, that there
consists of the aging and hardening of the
valves, which limits his mobility and concerns
his functioning. It is necessary to bear in
mind that the valves are opened and
approximately 60 times are closed per
minute, so a 70-year-old person will have
realized this movement more than 2.000
The gravity of the valvulopathy is classified in
+Light: minimal affectation that never needs
treatment and only a follow-up.
+Moderated: that needs a narrower follow-up
and in some occasions it needs treatment.
+Severe: that will need surgical treatment
always and when there are fulfilled a series
of associate requirements.
The four heart valves that may have diseases
Mitral valve: separates the left atrium from
the left ventricle
Aortic valve separates the left ventricle from
Pulmonary valve: separates the right ventricle
from the pulmonary artery
Tricuspid valve: separates the right atrium
from the right ventricle
Symptoms of valve disease depend mainly on:
- Increased pressure in the atria
- Commitment of cardiac output
- Imbalance between supply and myocardial
If the heart is damaged, it is more likely that
is infected. Endocarditis is an infection of the
heart lining. It can affect the heart valves and
can be very serious.
If someone has a heart valve disease, he may
need to take antibiotics before surgery to
reduce the risk of infection.
The defective heart valve can be replaced with
an artificial valve (valve replacement) or can
be repaired if possible (valve repair). Both
procedures are performed under general
anesthesia. This means you will be asleep
during the operation.