5th gradereading

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5th gradereading

  1. 1. http://www66.studyisland.com/printAtt.cfm?lcfid=1&CFID=784927&CFTOKEN=75990118&&benchID=30614 2/10/11 8:34 AM Additional Options: Open in Microsoft Word (add page breaks) Copyright © 2011 Study Island - All rights reserved. Read the following passage about childrens author Dr. Seuss. Then answer the questions that follow. About Dr. Seuss Theodor Geisel spent his lifetime dreaming about different creatures and silly ways to name them. At first, his goal was to make people laugh. Then, he turned his talents toward teaching young children to read. Today, he is known all over the world as Dr. Seuss. Geisel lived in Massachusetts as a child in the early 1900s. He used to draw pictures all over his schoolbooks when he was little. His parents were afraid he had too much of a creative imagination. He went to college in New Hampshire. He was planning to be a professor. He could not keep his mind off of teaching. He went to school in England and met Helen Palmer. They married and moved back to the United States. He worked in advertising for 15 years. He wrote and illustrated an alphabet book for children in his spare time. Geisel thought the book was exciting, but publishing companies turned him down. Geisel stopped writing for several years because he was so unhappy about his project. In 1936, Geisel decided to travel. His trip influenced him to write his first book. The book was called And to Think I Saw it on Mulberry Street. He showed it to 43 publishing companies. All of them rejected it. In 1937, he got a friend to publish it for him under the name Dr. Seuss. Seuss was his mothers name before she got married. In May 1954, Geisel heard about children having trouble learning to read. There was a large number of illiterate children. He thought it was because their school books were boring. Geisel sent his publisher a list of 400 words he thought children should learn. Nine months later, he used 220 of those words in The Cat in the Hat. The book was instantly a success! Geisel started a group of books called Beginner Books. He wrote and illustrated many of them, sometimes under the name Dr. Seuss. Dr. Seuss published 48 books that have been translated into 20 different languages. He is the best-selling childrens author of all time. Geisel died in September 1991. He left a wonderful tradition of books and characters he created. Over 60 years after his first book was published, Dr. Seuss titles are still very popular. Captain Kangaroo said, "He tried to emphasize strong values that both children and adults should have in this world." Read the following passage about how a person hears. Then answer the questions that follow. How Hearing Works By Tom Harris Your ears are really cool organs. They pick up all the sounds around you and then convert this Page 1 of 5
  2. 2. http://www66.studyisland.com/printAtt.cfm?lcfid=1&CFID=784927&CFTOKEN=75990118&&benchID=30614 2/10/11 8:34 AM information into something your brain can understand. To understand how your ears hear sound, you first need to understand just what sound is. What is Sound? An object makes sound when it vibrates in something. This could be in a solid, like earth, a liquid, like water, or a gas, like air. Most of the time, we hear sounds traveling through the air in our atmosphere. When something vibrates in the atmosphere, it moves the air particles around it. Those air particles then move the air particles around them, which carry vibrations through the air. To see how this works, lets look at a simple object: a bell. When you hit a bell, the metal vibrates, or moves in and out. When it moves out to one side, it pushes on the air particles on that side. These air particles then collide with the particles in front of them, which collide with the particles in front of them, and so on. When the bell moves away, it pulls in the nearby air particles. This pulls in more air particles, and those pull in particles even farther out. In this way, a vibrating object sends a wave of pressure changes through the atmosphere. We hear different sounds from different vibrating objects because of differences in the sound wave frequency. Frequency is how fast the air pressure switches back and forth. A higher wave frequency means that the air pressure switches back and forth very quickly. We hear this as a higher pitch, or sound. When there are fewer changes in pressure in a period of time, the pitch is lower. The level of air pressure in each switch determines how loud the sound is. Sound and the Human Ear To hear sound, your ear has to do three basic things. It has to: Direct the sound waves into the hearing part of the ear Feel the changes in air pressure Convert the changes into a signal that your brain can understand The outer part of the ear, called the pinna, "catches" the sound waves. Your outer ear is pointed forward, and it has many curves. This structure helps you figure out the direction of a sound. If a sound is coming from behind you or above you, it will bounce off the ear in a different way than if it is coming from in front of you or below you. Your brain recognizes certain patterns and decides whether the sound is in front of you, behind you, above you, or below you. If the sound is to your left, it will come to your left ear a little bit sooner than it comes to your right ear. It will also be a little bit louder in your left ear than your right ear. Since the pinnae face forward, you can hear sounds in front of you better than you can hear sounds behind you. Many animals, like dogs, have large, movable ears that let them focus on sounds from a specific direction. Human ears are not as good at focusing on sound. They lay pretty flat against the head and dont have the muscles needed for a lot of movement. But you can easily improve your natural hearing by cupping your hands behind your ears. adapted from http://science.howstuffworks.com/hearing.htm Read the following passage about animals who did not think. Then answer the questions that follow. Page 2 of 5
  3. 3. http://www66.studyisland.com/printAtt.cfm?lcfid=1&CFID=784927&CFTOKEN=75990118&&benchID=30614 2/10/11 8:34 AM They Didnt Think By Phoebe Cary Once a trap was baited With a piece of cheese; It tickled so a little mouse, It almost made him sneeze. An old rat said, "Theres a danger, Be careful where you go! "Nonsense!" said the other, "I dont think you know!" So he walked in boldly— Nobody in sight— First he took a nibble, Then he took a bite; Close the trap together Snapped as quick as wink, Catching mousey fast there, Cause he didnt think. Once there was a robin, Lived outside the door, Who wanted to go inside And hop upon the floor. "No, no," said the mother, "You must stay with me; Little birds are safest Sitting in a tree." "I dont care," said Robin, And gave his tail a fling, "I dont think the old folks Know quite everything." Down he flew, and kitty seized him Before hed time to blink; "Oh," he cried, "Im sorry, But I just didnt think." Read the following passage about a song for the Earth. Then answer the questions that follow. Earth Song By D. A. Tony Ciango One Star was painting the story on a buffalo hide when I met him. He was an old man now, and he wanted to record the tale while his memory was still sharp. He invited me to sit beside him, and I watched and listened as the old man told me about the Earth Song. One Star had been a young chief when the owl and the wolf came to him in a dream, and the song they had sung was a sad one. Page 3 of 5
  4. 4. http://www66.studyisland.com/printAtt.cfm?lcfid=1&CFID=784927&CFTOKEN=75990118&&benchID=30614 2/10/11 8:34 AM The owl was the first to appear. He sang of a time when the skies were clear and the air was pure. A time when his kind could nest in the tall pines of the great forests that stretched for as far as the eye could see. A time when food was plentiful and his family could soar and hunt above the wide open plains forever. The owl sang of a beautiful land where cool clean water glided from magnificent mountains into lush green valleys. The creatures of the air had prospered in this land. Generation after generation had raised their young and thanked the Creator for this place. But all that had changed. The new people had come, and they had cleared the dense forests for materials to build their own wooden nests, which now covered the flowing plains. Their machines polluted the air, and their waste was thrown into the once clean rivers and streams. The new people hunted for food, which the owl understood. But they also hunted for sport, which the owl did not understand. As the new people grew in number, the number of owls shrank. They were forced to look for new homes in unfamiliar lands. Nesting places were scarce, and food was harder to find. Some could not adapt to the changing ways and were never to be seen flying on the earth again. Then the wolf appeared and his song echoed the owls. His clan had also been forced to retreat from the new people. They went into the foothills of the mountains and had to roam far from their dens in search of food. They were feared, misunderstood, and hunted. The wolves that were once called the protectors of women were cast away from their homelands by the new people. The owl and the wolf ended their song by asking One Star what they might have done that had upset the Creator and caused him to treat them so. The young chief had no answer for them. He knew their troubles, because his tribe had walked a similar path. One Star had listened to the elders of the tribe speak of times of freedom and plenty. When man and beast shared the earth in harmony, and were caretakers of the land, not raiders of it. One Star could not give the owl and the wolf an answer, but he did make them a promise. He swore to sing their song to all he met. To tell everyone of the importance of keeping natures balance, and try to bring man and beast and earth together again in one caring family, as it was meant to be. One Star is gone now. But his message, the Earth Song, is still in the air for all to hear and notice. Reprinted by permission of the author. Page 4 of 5
  5. 5. http://www66.studyisland.com/printAtt.cfm?lcfid=1&CFID=784927&CFTOKEN=75990118&&benchID=30614 2/10/11 8:34 AM Copyright © 2011 Study Island - All rights reserved. Page 5 of 5

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