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Passive elementary-4 eso

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How to form PASSIVE VOICE, WHEN it's better or necessary to use it, the BY-Agent and basic exercises.

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Passive elementary-4 eso

  1. 1. When do you use the Passive Voice? How do you form Tenses in the Passive? Is the Agent (BY) necessary? Examples and Activities
  2. 2. Peter, the builder H O U S E Bricklayers and other workers
  3. 3. When do you use the PASSIVE VOICE? (Present & Past Tenses) -We are interested in the object -or We don’t know who caused the action Ex.: My bike was stolen. - There must be an object in the active sentence Active: Peter built a house. Passive: A house was built by Peter, - Sometimes only the passive voice is possible: Ex.: I was born in Madrid.
  4. 4. How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVE VOICE? (1) (Present Tense) ACTIVE Peter builds a house PASSIVE A house is built by Peter
  5. 5. How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVE VOICE? (2) (Past Tense) ACTIVE Peter built a house PASSIVE A house was built by Peter
  6. 6. Is the AGENT (BY) necessary in the PASSIVE VOICE? (Present & Past Tenses) -We are normally not interested in the "doer" of an action in a passive sentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passive voice. - When we do not know who was the "doer", we use someone or somebody in the active sentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passive voice. - When we want to mention who was the "doer" of the action, we use the preposition by. The whole phrase is called by-agent in English.
  7. 7. EXAMPLES AND ACTIVITIES Write complete passive sentences 1. What do these expressions mean? 2. Where can you find these notices? English spoken Book bought and sold Children under 16 not admitted to this club No smoking Rubbish cleared on Mondays Washing machines repaired Money returned if not satisfied All cars checked before sale
  8. 8. -Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form: CAUSE DAMAGE HOLD INCLUDE INVITE MAKE OVERTAKE SHOW TRANSLATE WRITE 1. Many accidents ____________ by dangerous driving. 2. Cheese ________________ from milk. 3. The roof of the building _________________ in a storm a few days ago. 4. There’s no need to leave a tip. Service ________________ in the bill. 5. You ______________ to the wedding. Why didn’t you go? 6. A cinema is a place where films ________________ . 7. In the USA, elections for President _______________ every four years. 8. Originally the book __________________ in Spanish and a few years ago it _________ into English. 9. We were driving along quite fast but we ______________ by lots of other cars.
  9. 9. -CHOOSE between present simple or past simple / active or passive 1. Five hundred people _______________ (employ) in that big factory. 2. Water ____________ (cover) most of the Earth’s surface. 3. Most of the Earth’s surface _____________ (cover) by water. 4. The letter ____________ (post) one week ago and it ____________ (arrive) yesterday. 5. I was born in London but I _____________ (grow) up in the North of England. 6. While I was in London, my camera ______________ (steal) from my room. 7. While I was in London, my camera ______________(disappear) from my room. - REWRITE using passive sentences 1. Somebody cleans the room every day. - … 2. They cancelled all flights because of fog. – All … 3. People don’t use this road very often. - … 4. Somebody accused me of stealing money. – I … 5. People advised us not to go out alone. - …

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