Ireland and Palestine:the History of Two Occupations
Part I: BackgroundA) Episodes of the History of IrelandB) Occupation Through EducationC) Country: Before/AfterA) Episodes ...
A) Incipit 1169: Arrival of Normanbarons in Ireland 1199: Henri IIs Lordshipof Ireland Replacement of theCatholic Church b...
A) Irish War of Independence               1886: Home Rule bill, never              applied               1916: Easter Ris...
A) Dublins Bloody Sunday November 21, 1920:several British agentsare killed In the afternoon:paramilitaries shoot atcivili...
A) The Troubles            1960s: First demonstrations           for an equality of Civil Rights in           Ireland → 19...
A) Derrys Bloody Sunday January 30, 1972: Peoplemarch pacifically in thestreets against internmentwithout trial A group of...
A) Museum of Free Derry “Free Derry” within Londonderry, during the Troubles, a poorCatholic area The Free Derry Corner is...
B) Occupation Through Education National language until the 12th century: Gaelic Then it became forbidden to speak Gaelic ...
C) Country : Before / After
A) Incipit  1897: Theodor Herzl founds thezionist movement  1917: British troops take Palestinefrom the Ottoman Empire  No...
A) Self-Determination  Self-sufficiency or self-determination: growing view of thebeginning of the 20th century – launched...
A) First ClashesNationalist movements grow in both Arab and Jewish camps1920: Battle of Tel Hai and Jerusalem riots (or Na...
A) The Al-Nakba  1947: The UN gives 55% of theterritory to Israel May 14, 1948: Independence ofIsrael, end of the British ...
A) Deir Yassin Massacre April 9, 1948: Deir Yassin, a Palestinian village near Jerusalem, isattacked by paramilitary group...
A) The Six-Day War June 5 – 10, 1967: IsraelVS Egypt, Jordan and Syria In the end, Israel take: - the Gaza Strip and Sinaï...
B) Occupation Through Education In Israels schools, the books teach that either there was noone there before the Jewish pe...
Country: Before / After
Part II: ExodusA) Irish ExileB) A figure of Irish ResistanceC) Consequences of the Irish Exile and the Ulster IssueA) Pale...
A) Persecution → ExileUnfair system of land tenureTroubles: Catholic “pogroms”
A) Famine → Exile1845 – 1852: The Great Famine (the “Black Death”)
B) An Irish Figure: Bobby Sands Catholic Northen Irish, amartyr for the Irish cause While in prison he writesarticles and ...
C) Consequences of the Exile                  Irish communities                 throughout the world                 (Amer...
C) The Issue of Ulster Northern Ireland (6 ofthe 9 counties of Ulster) Remaining tensionsbetween Catholics andProtestants ...
A) Expulsion 1948: on the declaration day of Israeli Independence:700 000 deportations → Revocation of their residency rig...
A) Living Conditions in Gaza                    The everyday-life of Arab                   Palestinians:                 ...
B) A Palestinian Figure: Leïla Khaled Exile to Lebanon Member of the Popular Frontfor the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP) 19...
C) Consequences of the Exile
C) Future of Palestine Two options: - On the one hand, the creation of 2 separate states (pathwhich is being taken right n...
The Story of Two Occupied Countries: Ireland and Palestine
The Story of Two Occupied Countries: Ireland and Palestine
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The Story of Two Occupied Countries: Ireland and Palestine

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Here is a quick presentation of the situation of Palestine and Ireland, and how their story can be put in parallel to each other.

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The Story of Two Occupied Countries: Ireland and Palestine

  1. 1. Ireland and Palestine:the History of Two Occupations
  2. 2. Part I: BackgroundA) Episodes of the History of IrelandB) Occupation Through EducationC) Country: Before/AfterA) Episodes of the History of PalestineB) Occupation Through EducationC) Country: Before/After
  3. 3. A) Incipit 1169: Arrival of Normanbarons in Ireland 1199: Henri IIs Lordshipof Ireland Replacement of theCatholic Church by theAnglican Church Redistribution of lands toBritish landlords
  4. 4. A) Irish War of Independence 1886: Home Rule bill, never applied 1916: Easter Rising January 19, 1919: The Sinn Féin proclaims the independence of Ireland → the Irish war of Independence breaks out December 6, 1921: The Anglo-Irish treaty ends the war; 6 counties stay to the United- Kingdom
  5. 5. A) Dublins Bloody Sunday November 21, 1920:several British agentsare killed In the afternoon:paramilitaries shoot atcivilians in retaliation 14 people died, ofwhom 2 children British authoritiesexpressed their regrets
  6. 6. A) The Troubles 1960s: First demonstrations for an equality of Civil Rights in Ireland → 1990s: Good Friday Agreement (constitutional status of Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom) Numerous fights between the Catholic population and British forces, and between Catholics/Republicans and Protestants/Royalists
  7. 7. A) Derrys Bloody Sunday January 30, 1972: Peoplemarch pacifically in thestreets against internmentwithout trial A group of young peopleseparates from the crowd, andpushes armys barricades Intervention of the BritishParachute Regiment, shootingwith real bullets in theunarmed crowd In all, 14 civilians shot dead
  8. 8. A) Museum of Free Derry “Free Derry” within Londonderry, during the Troubles, a poorCatholic area The Free Derry Corner is where the Bloody Sunday happened Painting in support of Palestine on the external wall of theMuseum of Free Derry
  9. 9. B) Occupation Through Education National language until the 12th century: Gaelic Then it became forbidden to speak Gaelic under the Britishmonarchs 1921 → now: The Irish Free State has been doing efforts toregenerate the Gaelic language; nevertheless, the majority of thepopulation speaks English as a first language
  10. 10. C) Country : Before / After
  11. 11. A) Incipit 1897: Theodor Herzl founds thezionist movement 1917: British troops take Palestinefrom the Ottoman Empire November 2, 1917: The Balfourdeclaration → United-Kingdomfavourable to the zionist project inPalestine The first Jewish colonists settle inPalestine
  12. 12. A) Self-Determination Self-sufficiency or self-determination: growing view of thebeginning of the 20th century – launched by the 2 main powers:USSR and United-States 17th century → 1960s: The United-States are anti-Semite (infront of shops: No Dogs or Jews Allowed), so they dont wantJews to come in big numbers So even though the main part of the Jewish people wants to goto the United-States and not to Palestine, they are redirected there European countries are not ready to give up on the Arab world→ “Arab threat” Israel = ally in the Arab world, “buffer state” between FrenchLebanon and the Suez canal
  13. 13. A) First ClashesNationalist movements grow in both Arab and Jewish camps1920: Battle of Tel Hai and Jerusalem riots (or Nabi Musa riots)
  14. 14. A) The Al-Nakba 1947: The UN gives 55% of theterritory to Israel May 14, 1948: Independence ofIsrael, end of the British mandate 1947 → 1949: The al-Nakba, thewar between Arab and Jewishpopulations Outcome of the war: Israelsterritory grows from 55% to 77% ofthe initial one
  15. 15. A) Deir Yassin Massacre April 9, 1948: Deir Yassin, a Palestinian village near Jerusalem, isattacked by paramilitary groups 107 villagers are killed, and 4 of the attackers die The killings are condemned by the Haganah and the two chief rabbis This massacre frightened a lot of Palestinians, fleeing their homes
  16. 16. A) The Six-Day War June 5 – 10, 1967: IsraelVS Egypt, Jordan and Syria In the end, Israel take: - the Gaza Strip and SinaïPeninsula from Egypt, - the West Bank and EastJerusalem from Jordan, - the Golan Heights fromSyria.
  17. 17. B) Occupation Through Education In Israels schools, the books teach that either there was noone there before the Jewish people, or at least that thePalestinians living there fled voluntarily
  18. 18. Country: Before / After
  19. 19. Part II: ExodusA) Irish ExileB) A figure of Irish ResistanceC) Consequences of the Irish Exile and the Ulster IssueA) Palestinian ExileB) A Figure of Palestinian ResistanceC) Consequences of the Palestinian Exile and the future of Palestine
  20. 20. A) Persecution → ExileUnfair system of land tenureTroubles: Catholic “pogroms”
  21. 21. A) Famine → Exile1845 – 1852: The Great Famine (the “Black Death”)
  22. 22. B) An Irish Figure: Bobby Sands Catholic Northen Irish, amartyr for the Irish cause While in prison he writesarticles and poems, still quotedtoday During his internment, he iselected as Member ofParliament 1981: He started the IrishHunger strike May 5, 1981: He died after66 days of hunger-striking, at27 years old
  23. 23. C) Consequences of the Exile Irish communities throughout the world (America, France, Scotland, Wales, England, Australia, New-Zealand) A renewal of “Irish identity” by the young generations
  24. 24. C) The Issue of Ulster Northern Ireland (6 ofthe 9 counties of Ulster) Remaining tensionsbetween Catholics andProtestants Many Irish people stillwant the reunification ofthe country June 2012: MartinMacGuinness (Sinn Féinleader) shook hands withQueen Elizabeth in Ireland
  25. 25. A) Expulsion 1948: on the declaration day of Israeli Independence:700 000 deportations → Revocation of their residency rights, expansion ofsettlements, construction of the West Bank Separation Wall
  26. 26. A) Living Conditions in Gaza The everyday-life of Arab Palestinians: - Families torn by a blockade or the Separation Wall - Regular bombings - Peasants disowned of their lands - Hospitals without means - Refugees stretching on three or four generations
  27. 27. B) A Palestinian Figure: Leïla Khaled Exile to Lebanon Member of the Popular Frontfor the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP) 1969: Hijacking of an airplane. Release from prison inexchange for civilian hostageskidnapped by PFLP members Member of the PalestinianNational Council 2005: Invited as a speaker tothe Féile an Phobail in Belfast
  28. 28. C) Consequences of the Exile
  29. 29. C) Future of Palestine Two options: - On the one hand, the creation of 2 separate states (pathwhich is being taken right now) → risk of ethnic cleansing andmore deportation - On the other hand, the creation of one single state, whereevery one could have the same rights

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