Goals of Exercise• Coordinate response between campus public safety and local first responders• Understand deployment of tactical unit• Train campus public safety• Facilitate development of individual campus unit safety plans• Exercise ICS at policy and ops levels• Safety
Goals of Exercise “The 4 D’s”•Develop Incident Action Plan•Develop Trust with CampusLeadership•Develop Confidence(internal/external)•Develop Partnerships
What do we know...• Active shooter scenarios last, on average, between 4 - 7 minutes• Occur in daytime• First responders are the line staff, not the tactical units• Multiple responding agencies• Mass confusion
Pre-Event Planning• Script Considerations• Communications with - Institutional leadership - Media - Deans, Directors & Dept. Heads - Faculty, Staff & Students
Pre-Event Planning•Campus Forums•Local, State, Federal Agencies•Policy Review- Use of Force- ICS- Mutual Aid
Pre-Event Planning• Active Shooter vs. Hostage• Venue Selection (and notification) - High Risk Areas - Res Halls - Admin Buildings - Student Unions and Classrooms
Sample CommunicationDecember 8, XXXXTo: XXXX Building Faculty & StaffFrom: Chief Jane DoeRe: Police Training ExerciseOn Monday, January 8, XXXX between 9AM and 12PM, ABC Police Services will conduct a live training exercise with the City Policeand State Police Tactical Support Unit (TSU) in XXX Building. We chose XXX Building because of the locus of administrative andstudent service offices and its history as a focal point for dissent and disruption. This live training exercise focuses on ABC and CityPolice response to an “active shooter” and hostage scenario. The officers will apply dynamic approach and entry techniques learned fromthe State Police TSU on January 4 and 5 in training conducted in Williams Hall.This exercise is closely supervised and controlled. No live ammunition will be allowed in the building during the training.Safety officers will be in place to monitor and we are posting ample signage and greeters. This will disrupt business on thefirst floor for the morning so please plan accordingly.We chose these dates because they are during semester break and we forecast less activity in the building. This is a great opportunity forthose of you at work these days to observe how we train police to address these concerns, and to re-visit the conversation on safety duringemergent crisis.Please share this information with any person(s) you feel should know including students who may be around during the break andvendors who deliver goods and services to the building. We recognize that seeing this many police officers in one place without knowingthe context could be un-nerving. We will send out a campus-wide email prior to the event.I will be available on Wednesday, January 3 at 10:30AM in the XXX Memorial Lounge to answer any questions and address last-minuteconcerns. In advance, don’t hesitate to contact me directly at _____________________. Thank you.
Sample CommunicationDecember 19, XXXXTo: 3rd Floor XXX BuildingFrom: Chief Jane DoeRe: Additional Information on January 8, XXXX Police Training ExercisePlease take into account the following information when planning your work day on Monday, January 8, XXXX.While the exercise is under way (9:00AM – 11:30AM) you will not be able to move through the 3rd Floor Hallways. If you must be sequestered inyour offices this particular morning, DO NOT access the hallways. We suggest that you find other places to conduct business on this date andtime. No one will be allowed onto the 3rd Floor once this exercise commences. Safety Officers identified with fluorescent vests will be present to control access and ensure safety. There will be loud noises. There will be no live ammunition involved in this exercise or allowed in the building.There will be a final informational session on Wednesday, January 3rd from 10:30AM – 11:30AM in Memorial Lounge.Please make appropriate accommodations for Monday, January 8, XXXX from 9:00AM – 11:30AM in order to minimize disruption toyour operations. We hope you’ll use this opportunity to develop your own business continuity plans and we appreciate your support andunderstanding as we train on this important topic, which we pray we never have to actually respond to.
Lessons Learned1. Equipment Compatibility2. Mixed Team Deployment3. Command and Communications4. Seven Critical Tasks & ICS5. Plain Clothes Officers Responding6. Confusion and Collapsing
Lessons Learned7. Don’t Assume Buy-In a. Staff b. Other agencies c. Administration
Major Lessons Learned1.Plainclothes police officers responding to such an incident MUST wear their uniform jackets with arm patches and insignia.2.Use of Incident Command System allowed for rapid deployment of tactical unit and integration into campus response.3.The Rapid Deployment Training (including use of Rescue Teams) that all campus police officers and city police officers went through in the days prior to the exercise proved essential to our coordinated response.4.We were well prepared by having our Policy Group (i.e., Senior Institutional Leadership) and the Emergency Operations Group fully familiar with ICS and its application. They participated in the exercise.